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You searched for +publisher:"The Catholic University of America" +contributor:("Rozell, Mark"). Showing records 1 – 2 of 2 total matches.

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1. Parsons, Margaret Sammon. Abortion and Religion: The Politics of the American Catholic Bishops.

Degree: PhD, Politics, 2011, The Catholic University of America

Degree awarded: Ph.D. Politics. The Catholic University of America

Abortion and Religion: The Politics of the American Catholic BishopsMargaret Sammon Parsons, Ph.D.Director: Stephen Schneck, Ph.D.Prior to the 1960s, the American Catholic bishops avoided political involvement unless it directly impacted the Church. Initially, the bishops' main priority for their flock was protection from anti-Catholic discrimination and assuring the nation that Catholics were loyal and patriotic Americans. After Roe v. Wade, the bishops engaged in politics more directly by denouncing the Court's decision, thus laying the foundation for decades of debate over the issue of abortion. By 1976, candidates had recognized the importance of the Catholic vote and both parties began courting the bishops. Since then, the bishops have amassed significant political leverage, primarily due to their near-singular focus on abortion. This dissertation will be the first to examine how the bishops' decision to focus primarily on abortion has been the wellspring of their increased political power. I will discuss the history of the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops and its political involvement through 2008. This includes an examination of the relationship between the Catholic Church and both the Democratic and Republican parties, including a discussion of the presidential elections from 1976-2008. I will also analyze the changing attitudes toward abortion among key subgroups of the American electorate. My research shows that abortion has been the critical element of the bishops' political power for several reasons: (1) abortion attracts a significant amount of attention; (2) no American bishop favors legalized abortion; (3) the bishops have not been forced to endorse one party over the other; and (4) the tactics of some bishops (i.e., denying communion) have allowed the Church to guide parishioners toward preferred candidates without explicit endorsements. While abortion has not always been a major issue for voters, it has been critical in the expansion of the bishops' political power. As leaders of a major swing-voter group, candidates recognize the bishops' influence and actively court their endorsement. Even without abortion as a major issue in an election, a pro-choice candidate still faces major hurdles in winning the bishops' approval. As was evident in the 2004 election, without agreement on abortion, no amount of agreement on other social issues will earn a candidate episcopal approval.

Made available in DSpace on 2011-06-24T17:12:58Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 Parsons_cua_0043A_10192display.pdf: 1361104 bytes, checksum: dd2cb848d224feece3df1df47366a36f (MD5)

Advisors/Committee Members: Schneck, Stephen (Advisor), Kromkowski, John A. (Other), Rozell, Mark J. (Other).

Subjects/Keywords: Political Science; Religion; Sociology; abortion; bishops; catholics; presidential elections; united states

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Parsons, M. S. (2011). Abortion and Religion: The Politics of the American Catholic Bishops. (Doctoral Dissertation). The Catholic University of America. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1961/9736

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Parsons, Margaret Sammon. “Abortion and Religion: The Politics of the American Catholic Bishops.” 2011. Doctoral Dissertation, The Catholic University of America. Accessed February 16, 2019. http://hdl.handle.net/1961/9736.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Parsons, Margaret Sammon. “Abortion and Religion: The Politics of the American Catholic Bishops.” 2011. Web. 16 Feb 2019.

Vancouver:

Parsons MS. Abortion and Religion: The Politics of the American Catholic Bishops. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. The Catholic University of America; 2011. [cited 2019 Feb 16]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1961/9736.

Council of Science Editors:

Parsons MS. Abortion and Religion: The Politics of the American Catholic Bishops. [Doctoral Dissertation]. The Catholic University of America; 2011. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1961/9736

2. Piran, Leila. Turkey and the European Union Reforms: Institutional Change in the Turkish National Police.

Degree: PhD, Politics, 2011, The Catholic University of America

Degree awarded: Ph.D. Politics. The Catholic University of America

This dissertation explores the underlying reasons for Turkish National Police's internal reform in the early 1980s. Since the EU granted Turkey candidacy status in 1999, Turkey has had to implement a wide array of political reforms including human rights and democratization. Within-case comparison, comparative historical analysis, and process tracing methods were utilized to evaluate the evolution of TNP from the Ottoman era until present, taking into account changes and continuities over a long period of time. Field research including interviews and questionnaire responses from academics, civil society actors, political party deputies, and police officers was conducted in 2007 and 2008. Research findings indicate that many of the reforms were domestically initiated and then enhanced by EU's demands in the aftermath of the 1999 Helsinki Summit. Moreover, order is a necessary and sufficient precondition to police reform. The TNP has transformed itself into a professional force under the watchful eye of the military at the time when Turkey-EU relations were most tumultuous. Security challenges to Turkish sovereignty such as the PKK insurgency and terrorism presented the TNP the opportunity to become an active player in the Turkish state system.

Made available in DSpace on 2011-06-24T17:13:13Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 Piran_cua_0043A_10234display.pdf: 7606919 bytes, checksum: 0841d73922d4e9b8830897b72bbbc38e (MD5)

Advisors/Committee Members: O"Leary, James (Advisor), Yeo, Andrew (Other), Rozell, Mark (Other), Hardman, Willard (Other).

Subjects/Keywords: Political Science; Middle Eastern Studies; Democratization; European Union; Police Reform

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Piran, L. (2011). Turkey and the European Union Reforms: Institutional Change in the Turkish National Police. (Doctoral Dissertation). The Catholic University of America. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1961/9739

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Piran, Leila. “Turkey and the European Union Reforms: Institutional Change in the Turkish National Police.” 2011. Doctoral Dissertation, The Catholic University of America. Accessed February 16, 2019. http://hdl.handle.net/1961/9739.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Piran, Leila. “Turkey and the European Union Reforms: Institutional Change in the Turkish National Police.” 2011. Web. 16 Feb 2019.

Vancouver:

Piran L. Turkey and the European Union Reforms: Institutional Change in the Turkish National Police. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. The Catholic University of America; 2011. [cited 2019 Feb 16]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1961/9739.

Council of Science Editors:

Piran L. Turkey and the European Union Reforms: Institutional Change in the Turkish National Police. [Doctoral Dissertation]. The Catholic University of America; 2011. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1961/9739

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