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You searched for +publisher:"The Catholic University of America" +contributor:("Gres-Gayer, Jacques M."). Showing records 1 – 3 of 3 total matches.

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1. Carney, James Jay. From Democratization to Ethnic Revolution: Catholic Politics in Rwanda, 1950-1962.

Degree: PhD, Church History, 2011, The Catholic University of America

Degree awarded: Ph.D. Church History. The Catholic University of America

In the shadow of a 1994 genocide which cost nearly 800,000 lives, 20th-century Rwandan history has become a highly polemical and contested field. This is especially true for the history of the Catholic Church, one of the dominant social, political and religious institutions in Rwanda from the 1920s to the 1990s. This dissertation explores Catholic politics in Rwanda between colonial Belgium's introduction of political reforms in 1950 and Rwandan independence in 1962. The primary subjects of the thesis are Rwanda's two preeminent church leaders of the period, the Swiss White Father Mgr. André Perraudin and the Rwandan prelate Mgr. Aloys Bigirumwami. In engaging the pastoral writings and personal correspondence of Perraudin and Bigirumwami, this study analyzes the two bishops' reactions to the rapid political developments of the 1950s, their divergent analyses of the contested Hutu-Tutsi question, and their grappling with ethnic violence during the revolutionary changes of 1959 to 1962. This study also evaluates how Catholic bishops responded to Rwanda's first major ethnic massacres in 1963-64 and 1973. Drawing on newly released archival material from the period, this dissertation highlights the extent to which the Catholic major seminary and other church institutions served as sites of contestation in Rwanda's growing inter-racial and intra-ethnic disputes. Post-genocide scholars have critiqued the close association of church and state during Rwanda's colonial period and highlighted missionary contributions to the hardening of Hutu-Tutsi identities. Overlooked in this standard narrative, however, is the complexity of Catholic political discourse in the early 1950s, a discourse in which the Hutu-Tutsi question was oddly muted. In turn, the emergence of the Hutu-Tutsi question in elite Catholic circles in the later 1950s reflected a broader array of ideological contexts than ethnicism, including decolonization, democratization, anti-communism, Catholic social teaching, and rising intra-clerical tensions. By returning to the 1950s genesis of Hutu and Tutsi as political identities, this dissertation sheds light on how and why this cleavage became the fulcrum of post-colonial Rwandan politics in church and state alike, offering constructive lessons for Christian ecclesiology and social ethics.

Made available in DSpace on 2011-06-24T17:11:09Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 Carney_cua_0043A_10206display.pdf: 5450647 bytes, checksum: c402d6c916e4e61170c3ba1cb64a7a1b (MD5)

Advisors/Committee Members: Gres-Gayer, Jacques M. (Advisor), Cohen, Thomas M. (Other), Kollman, Paul V. (Other).

Subjects/Keywords: History, Church; African History; Theology; Catholic Church; Church History; Hutu Tutsi; Mission History; Rwanda; White Fathers

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Carney, J. J. (2011). From Democratization to Ethnic Revolution: Catholic Politics in Rwanda, 1950-1962. (Doctoral Dissertation). The Catholic University of America. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1961/9713

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Carney, James Jay. “From Democratization to Ethnic Revolution: Catholic Politics in Rwanda, 1950-1962.” 2011. Doctoral Dissertation, The Catholic University of America. Accessed January 21, 2020. http://hdl.handle.net/1961/9713.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Carney, James Jay. “From Democratization to Ethnic Revolution: Catholic Politics in Rwanda, 1950-1962.” 2011. Web. 21 Jan 2020.

Vancouver:

Carney JJ. From Democratization to Ethnic Revolution: Catholic Politics in Rwanda, 1950-1962. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. The Catholic University of America; 2011. [cited 2020 Jan 21]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1961/9713.

Council of Science Editors:

Carney JJ. From Democratization to Ethnic Revolution: Catholic Politics in Rwanda, 1950-1962. [Doctoral Dissertation]. The Catholic University of America; 2011. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1961/9713

2. Frascella, Daniel. The Social Doctrine of Bishop Charles Freppel and the School of Angers.

Degree: PhD, Church History, 2012, The Catholic University of America

Degree awarded: Ph.D. Church History. The Catholic University of America

The encyclical Rerum novarum, published in 1891 by Pope Leo XIII, is considered the cornerstone of modern Catholic social thought. In the years prior to its release a lively debate occurred throughout the Catholic world about the appropriate response of the Church to the realities of modern industrialized economies. This study examines one perspective in this discussion, largely represented by the thought of Bishop Charles Freppel of Angers (1827 - 1891). Freppel was the leader of the School of Angers, a group whose distinctive feature was its general distrust of state intervention as a resolution to the social question. In addition to his two decades as bishop of Angers, Freppel was also a deputy in the Chamber of Deputies from 1880 until his death in 1891. He thus serves as an interesting figure of study, offering insights into both the internal debates within the Catholic Church regarding the social question and the delicate question of the relationship between Church and State in the French Third Republic. Two collections of Freppel's works form the basis for the majority of this study: the first contains his homilies and pastoral letters as bishop, the second his speeches as deputy. In addition to Freppel, the broader social doctrine of the School of Angers will be considered by examining the thought of proponents such as Charles Perin and Claudio Jannet, and the primary periodical that presented this view. The proceedings of social congresses, especially those held in Liege and Angers in 1890, will also be examined as representative of diverging models of social Catholicism. Some important issues of disagreement included the relationship between justice and charity, and the role of state intervention in resolving the social question. A central theme that emerges is the manner in which the political context of the French Third Republic played a pivotal role in shaping the thought of Freppel and the School of Angers throughout the study. Finally, the minor but discernible influence of the School of Angers on Rerum novarum will be considered.

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Advisors/Committee Members: Gres-Gayer, Jacques M. (Advisor), Johnstone, Brian V. (Other), Capizzi, Joseph E. (Other), Trisco, Robert (Other).

Subjects/Keywords: Religious history; European history; Catholic Social Thought; Freppel; School of Angers; Social Doctrine

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Frascella, D. (2012). The Social Doctrine of Bishop Charles Freppel and the School of Angers. (Doctoral Dissertation). The Catholic University of America. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1961/10250

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Frascella, Daniel. “The Social Doctrine of Bishop Charles Freppel and the School of Angers.” 2012. Doctoral Dissertation, The Catholic University of America. Accessed January 21, 2020. http://hdl.handle.net/1961/10250.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Frascella, Daniel. “The Social Doctrine of Bishop Charles Freppel and the School of Angers.” 2012. Web. 21 Jan 2020.

Vancouver:

Frascella D. The Social Doctrine of Bishop Charles Freppel and the School of Angers. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. The Catholic University of America; 2012. [cited 2020 Jan 21]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1961/10250.

Council of Science Editors:

Frascella D. The Social Doctrine of Bishop Charles Freppel and the School of Angers. [Doctoral Dissertation]. The Catholic University of America; 2012. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1961/10250

3. Sladky, Joseph F.X. A Program for a Christian Social Order: The Organic Democracy of René de La Tour du Pin.

Degree: PhD, Church History, 2012, The Catholic University of America

Degree awarded: Ph.D. Church History. The Catholic University of America

A Program for a Christian Social Order: The Organic Democracy of René de La Tour du PinJoseph F.X. Sladky, Ph.D.Director: Rev. Jacques M. Gres-Gayer, Th.Dr., Hist.Dr.René de La Tour du Pin was one of the leading social Catholic theorists during the latter half of the nineteenth century. This dissertation examines La Tour du Pin’s role in attempting to lay the foundations for a more just and representative Christian social order. There is a particular focus on the analysis of his social theories and the examination of the utility and foresight of his many contributions to Catholic social thought.La Tour du Pin was at the helm of Association catholique, the most influential social Catholic journal in late nineteenth century Europe. He was also the secretary and moving spirit behind the Fribourg Union, a multi-national group of prominent and influential social Catholics, whose expertise was drawn upon by Pope Leo XIII in the drafting of Rerum Novarum. Later, some of his ideas found their way into Quadragesimo anno. Through his corporative system he promoted a program which organized society by social function and which gave corporations public legal recognition and autonomy in all areas pertaining to their proper sphere. As this corporative system extended itself into the political arena, it would grant a proportionate, yet real representation to all segments of society by true participation.Concerning sources, I have drawn primarily upon La Tour du Pin’s central work, Vers un ordre social, his articles from Association catholique, and his shorter work Aphorismes de politique social. This dissertation begins with a survey of the historical, religious and socio-economic environment of the nineteenth century. The thought of important thinkers who shaped La Tour du Pin’s views is then examined. This is followed by a brief biography of the thinker’s life. Next, his social theories are investigated and analyzed. His ideas on the family, the Church’s role in society, corporations, decentralization of power, the role of the State, and political representation are comparatively analyzed with the social works of thinkers such as Locke, Rousseau, and Tocqueville. La Tour du Pin’s ideas are also assessed and critiqued by the Church’s social teaching, especially that of the popes. Lastly, his influence on later thought and politics is assessed.

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Advisors/Committee Members: Gres-Gayer, Jacques M (Advisor), Capizzi, Joseph (Other), Ryn, Claes G (Other), Grabowski, John S (Other), Green, Thomas J (Other).

Subjects/Keywords: Religious history; Theology; Political Science; Catholic social teaching; corporations; corporatism; individualism; representation; social function

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Sladky, J. F. X. (2012). A Program for a Christian Social Order: The Organic Democracy of René de La Tour du Pin. (Doctoral Dissertation). The Catholic University of America. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1961/10143

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Sladky, Joseph F X. “A Program for a Christian Social Order: The Organic Democracy of René de La Tour du Pin.” 2012. Doctoral Dissertation, The Catholic University of America. Accessed January 21, 2020. http://hdl.handle.net/1961/10143.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Sladky, Joseph F X. “A Program for a Christian Social Order: The Organic Democracy of René de La Tour du Pin.” 2012. Web. 21 Jan 2020.

Vancouver:

Sladky JFX. A Program for a Christian Social Order: The Organic Democracy of René de La Tour du Pin. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. The Catholic University of America; 2012. [cited 2020 Jan 21]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1961/10143.

Council of Science Editors:

Sladky JFX. A Program for a Christian Social Order: The Organic Democracy of René de La Tour du Pin. [Doctoral Dissertation]. The Catholic University of America; 2012. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1961/10143

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