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1. Lean, Elisabeth. Factors Related to the Development of Optimism and a Stable Sense of Identity among Homeless Young Adults.

Degree: 2018, The Catholic University of America

Homeless 18 to 24–year olds face many obstacles in making a successful transition to adulthood. While it is important to understand the risk factors and consequences that render young adults vulnerable to experiencing homelessness, it is also imperative to refrain from defining these individuals, either solely or in part, by their current circumstances. This study, in exploring homeless young adults’ intrapersonal and interpersonal resources, seeks to expand the scope of social work research and knowledge of this population by further considering them within the context of their current psychosocial stage of development. Moreover, this investigation also draws from social cognitive theory and a conceptual model for positive youth development, thus aiming to present a more symbiotic, synergistic approach to understanding homeless young adults’ personal strengths given the influence of external factors ensconced in their environments.This study represents a secondary analysis of de–identified data from a non–public dataset. Data were collected through a cross–sectional, mixed–method design with 601 homeless young adults who were receiving drop–in, shelter, or transitional living services in Austin, TX, Denver, CO, and Hollywood, CA between February 2010 and March 2011. This investigation is grounded in two hypotheses: (a) higher levels of self–esteem, self–efficacy, and social connectedness, lower incidents of traumatic experiences, and the absence of meeting the clinical criteria for PTSD and substance use disorder are predictive of greater levels of optimism among young adults experiencing homelessness; and (b) higher levels of optimism and social connectedness, lower incidents of traumatic experiences, and the absence of meeting the clinical criteria for PTSD and substance use disorder influence the development of a stable sense of identity among homeless young adults. Results of multivariate regression analyses reveal that each hypothesis was partially supported. Notwithstanding, findings from this investigation offer additional insight into how these young people perceive themselves and their ability to persevere in spite of the daily challenges associated with being homeless.

Social work

Homeless Young Adults, Identity, Optimism, Self-Efficacy, Self-Esteem, Strengths

Social Work

Degree Awarded: Ph.D. Social Work. The Catholic University of America

Advisors/Committee Members: The Catholic University of America (Degree granting institution), Dombo, Eileen (Thesis advisor), Sabatino, Christine (Committee member), Shields, Joseph (Committee member), Ferguson, Kristin (Committee member).

Subjects/Keywords: Homeless Young Adults; Identity; Optimism; Self-Efficacy; Self-Esteem; Strengths

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Lean, E. (2018). Factors Related to the Development of Optimism and a Stable Sense of Identity among Homeless Young Adults. (Thesis). The Catholic University of America. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1961/cuislandora:213541

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Lean, Elisabeth. “Factors Related to the Development of Optimism and a Stable Sense of Identity among Homeless Young Adults.” 2018. Thesis, The Catholic University of America. Accessed December 01, 2020. http://hdl.handle.net/1961/cuislandora:213541.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Lean, Elisabeth. “Factors Related to the Development of Optimism and a Stable Sense of Identity among Homeless Young Adults.” 2018. Web. 01 Dec 2020.

Vancouver:

Lean E. Factors Related to the Development of Optimism and a Stable Sense of Identity among Homeless Young Adults. [Internet] [Thesis]. The Catholic University of America; 2018. [cited 2020 Dec 01]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1961/cuislandora:213541.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Council of Science Editors:

Lean E. Factors Related to the Development of Optimism and a Stable Sense of Identity among Homeless Young Adults. [Thesis]. The Catholic University of America; 2018. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1961/cuislandora:213541

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

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