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You searched for +publisher:"Texas A&M University" +contributor:("Parnell, Calvin Jr. B."). One record found.

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Texas A&M University

1. Aquino, Froilan Ludana. Elucidating the solid, liquid and gaseous products from batch pyrolysis of cotton-gin trash.

Degree: 2009, Texas A&M University

Cotton-gin trash (CGT) was pyrolyzed at different temperatures and reaction times using an externally-heated batch reactor. The average yields of output products (solid/char, liquid/bio-oil, and gaseous) were determined. The heating value (HV) of CGT was measured to be around 15-16 MJ kg- 1 (6500-7000 Btu lb-1). In the first set of tests, CGT was pyrolyzed at 600, 700, and 800?C and at 30, 45, and 60 min reaction period. The maximum char yield of 40% by weight (wt.%) was determined at 600?C and 30 min settings, however, the HV of char was low and almost similar to the HV of CGT. A maximum gas yield of 40 wt.% was measured at 800?C and 60 min and the highest liquid yield of 30 wt.% was determined at 800?C and 30 min. In the modified pyrolysis test, the effects of temperature (500, 600, 700, and 800?C) on the product yield and other properties were investigated. The experiment was performed using the same reactor purged with nitrogen at a rate of 1000 cm3 min-1. Gas yield increased as temperature was increased while the effect was opposite on char yield. The maximum char yield of 38 wt.% was determined at 500?C and 30 min. The char had the largest fraction in the energy output (70-83%) followed by gas (10-20%) and bio-oil (7- 9%). Maximum gas yield of 35 wt.% was determined at 800?C. The average yield of CO, H2 and total hydrocarbons (THC) generally increased with increased temperature but CO2 production decreased. Methane, ethane, and propane dominated the THC. The bio-oil yield at 600?C was the highest at about 30 wt.% among the temperature settings. The HV of bio-oil was low (2-5 MJ kg-1) due to minimal non-HC compounds and high moisture content (MC). A simple energy balance of the process was performed. The process was considered energy intensive due to the high amount of energy input (6100 kJ) while generating a maximum energy output of only 10%. After disregarding the energy used for preparation and pyrolysis, the energy losses ranged from 30-46% while the energy of the output represent between 55-70% of the input energy from CGT. Advisors/Committee Members: Capareda, Sergio C. (advisor), Caton, Jerald A. (committee member), Parnell, Calvin Jr. B. (committee member).

Subjects/Keywords: pyrolysis; cotton-gin trash; bio-oil; char; syn-gas; tar

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Aquino, F. L. (2009). Elucidating the solid, liquid and gaseous products from batch pyrolysis of cotton-gin trash. (Thesis). Texas A&M University. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1969.1/ETD-TAMU-2425

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Aquino, Froilan Ludana. “Elucidating the solid, liquid and gaseous products from batch pyrolysis of cotton-gin trash.” 2009. Thesis, Texas A&M University. Accessed October 21, 2019. http://hdl.handle.net/1969.1/ETD-TAMU-2425.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Aquino, Froilan Ludana. “Elucidating the solid, liquid and gaseous products from batch pyrolysis of cotton-gin trash.” 2009. Web. 21 Oct 2019.

Vancouver:

Aquino FL. Elucidating the solid, liquid and gaseous products from batch pyrolysis of cotton-gin trash. [Internet] [Thesis]. Texas A&M University; 2009. [cited 2019 Oct 21]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1969.1/ETD-TAMU-2425.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Council of Science Editors:

Aquino FL. Elucidating the solid, liquid and gaseous products from batch pyrolysis of cotton-gin trash. [Thesis]. Texas A&M University; 2009. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1969.1/ETD-TAMU-2425

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

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