Advanced search options

Advanced Search Options 🞨

Browse by author name (“Author name starts with…”).

Find ETDs with:

in
/  
in
/  
in
/  
in

Written in Published in Earliest date Latest date

Sorted by

Results per page:

Sorted by: relevance · author · university · dateNew search

You searched for +publisher:"Temple University" +contributor:("Stull, William J."). Showing records 1 – 2 of 2 total matches.

Search Limiters

Last 2 Years | English Only

No search limiters apply to these results.

▼ Search Limiters


Temple University

1. Smythe, Andria C. The Impact of Economic Conditions During the College-aged Years on Educational Outcomes.

Degree: PhD, 2015, Temple University

Economics

Every decade between 1970 and 2010 opened with a recession with all decades except the 1990s experiencing a second recession. Young adults are often hardest hit by a recession in terms of job losses. Young adulthood is a critical time to get an education and educational opportunities lost during this period may not be fully made up in subsequent years. In this dissertation, I explore the effects of adverse economic conditions during the traditional college-age years (18-24) on short, medium and long run educational outcomes. This dissertation consist of one theoretical chapter and three empirical essays. In the theoretical chapter, I show the complexity of business cycle effects on college outcomes. The main issue is that opportunity costs move countercyclically while ability-to-pay moves procyclically, thus these two factors counteract each other over the business cycle. Due to the confounding effects of opportunity cost and ability-to-pay, there is a theoretical ambiguity. In the theoretical framework, I outline the conditions under which downturns may improve educational outcomes and the conditions under which downturns may hurt educational outcomes. The ambiguity and complexity displayed in the theoretical framework underlies the importance of an empirical determination. Essay 1 examines whether economic conditions affect college participation among different demographic groups differently. The main or average effect of an economic downturn on enrollment is well studied. However, research on how a downturn affects individuals from different backgrounds is rare. Using a class of logit models that account for interaction effects, I find that individuals who are black or Hispanic and individuals from low education maternal backgrounds are more likely to enroll in college during high unemployment periods compared to individuals from other demographic backgrounds. Essay 2 picks up where essay 1 leaves off by investigating college outcomes for individuals who enrolled during a recession. While many studies consider the enrollment decisions, little evidence exists on whether enrollment is successfully transformed into completed education for recession era enrollees. Employing an innovative competing risk model, I estimate the completion and drop-out probabilities for individuals who enrolled during a downturn. I find that individuals who enrolled in college at 18 and who experience a recession at enrollment, are less likely to complete a 4-year degree by age 24, are more likely to complete a 2-year degree, are more likely to drop out of college and are more likely to experience inactivity. Essay 3 builds upon the negative effects of a recession on college-aged youths found in essay 2. In essay 3, I study educational attainment after individuals have exited their college-aged years. I investigate whether cohorts who experienced adverse economic conditions during young adulthood eventually caught up with their luckier counterparts who experienced more prosperous years. I find that individuals who experience…

Advisors/Committee Members: Leeds, Michael (Michael A.);, Stull, William J., Webber, Douglas;.

Subjects/Keywords: Economics, Labor

Record DetailsSimilar RecordsGoogle PlusoneFacebookTwitterCiteULikeMendeleyreddit

APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Smythe, A. C. (2015). The Impact of Economic Conditions During the College-aged Years on Educational Outcomes. (Doctoral Dissertation). Temple University. Retrieved from http://digital.library.temple.edu/u?/p245801coll10,326796

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Smythe, Andria C. “The Impact of Economic Conditions During the College-aged Years on Educational Outcomes.” 2015. Doctoral Dissertation, Temple University. Accessed February 19, 2019. http://digital.library.temple.edu/u?/p245801coll10,326796.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Smythe, Andria C. “The Impact of Economic Conditions During the College-aged Years on Educational Outcomes.” 2015. Web. 19 Feb 2019.

Vancouver:

Smythe AC. The Impact of Economic Conditions During the College-aged Years on Educational Outcomes. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. Temple University; 2015. [cited 2019 Feb 19]. Available from: http://digital.library.temple.edu/u?/p245801coll10,326796.

Council of Science Editors:

Smythe AC. The Impact of Economic Conditions During the College-aged Years on Educational Outcomes. [Doctoral Dissertation]. Temple University; 2015. Available from: http://digital.library.temple.edu/u?/p245801coll10,326796


Temple University

2. Muravytska, Nataliya. EURO ADOPTION IN POLAND: IMPLICATIONS FOR MACROECONOMIC VOLATILITY.

Degree: PhD, 2009, Temple University

Economics

Poland has joined the European Union and is set to join the European Monetary Union (EMU) in the near future. Euro area membership involves potential costs and benefits. On the one hand, Poland will abolish the zloty/euro exchange rate and, as a result, transaction costs and exchange rate risk within the single currency area will be eliminated. On the other hand, it is argued that a single currency area implies the costs stemming from the sacrifice of autonomous monetary stabilization policy, which allows for an independent interest rate policy, and an exchange rate adjustment mechanism in the presence of country-specific shocks. This dissertation focuses on a quantitative assessment of the economic costs of joining the EMU. The evaluation of the volatility of main macroeconomic variables under the current inflation targeting regime and fixed exchanged rate is performed within an optimizing dynamic general equilibrium model of a small open economy with nominal rigidities. Model dynamics under terms of trade and world interest rate shocks are investigated. We find that the euro adoption implies a higher macroeconomic volatility. Analyzing the impact of terms of trade shock, the inflation targeting regime is more favorable, as an inability to devalue the currency under the euroization scenario leads to a slower recovery in demand for non-tradable goods and thus consumption. Considering the impact of a sudden decline in the world interest rate, an excessive zloty appreciation and the tightening of monetary policy under inflation targeting pushes the economy into a deeper recession compared to the adoption of the euro regime, while long-run implications are almost the same for the two scenarios.

Temple University – Theses

Advisors/Committee Members: Kushnirsky, Fyodor I., Stull, William J., Swanson, Charles E., Kopecky, Kenneth J..

Subjects/Keywords: Economics, General; Euro Adoption; Monetary Policy

Record DetailsSimilar RecordsGoogle PlusoneFacebookTwitterCiteULikeMendeleyreddit

APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Muravytska, N. (2009). EURO ADOPTION IN POLAND: IMPLICATIONS FOR MACROECONOMIC VOLATILITY. (Doctoral Dissertation). Temple University. Retrieved from http://digital.library.temple.edu/u?/p245801coll10,24865

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Muravytska, Nataliya. “EURO ADOPTION IN POLAND: IMPLICATIONS FOR MACROECONOMIC VOLATILITY.” 2009. Doctoral Dissertation, Temple University. Accessed February 19, 2019. http://digital.library.temple.edu/u?/p245801coll10,24865.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Muravytska, Nataliya. “EURO ADOPTION IN POLAND: IMPLICATIONS FOR MACROECONOMIC VOLATILITY.” 2009. Web. 19 Feb 2019.

Vancouver:

Muravytska N. EURO ADOPTION IN POLAND: IMPLICATIONS FOR MACROECONOMIC VOLATILITY. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. Temple University; 2009. [cited 2019 Feb 19]. Available from: http://digital.library.temple.edu/u?/p245801coll10,24865.

Council of Science Editors:

Muravytska N. EURO ADOPTION IN POLAND: IMPLICATIONS FOR MACROECONOMIC VOLATILITY. [Doctoral Dissertation]. Temple University; 2009. Available from: http://digital.library.temple.edu/u?/p245801coll10,24865

.