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1. Barr, Larry A. The Role of Calcium in the Regulation of Pathological Hypertrophy.
Degree: PhD, 2014, Temple University
Pathological hypertrophy leads to cardiac dysfunction and heart failure. It is not clearly defined how this process occurs in the cardiomyocyte, or how the pathology can be effectively treated. There are numerous processes that lead to pathological hypertrophy. We developed two models to study pathological hypertrophy and the role that Ca2+ plays. In one model, we administered clinical doses of the leukemia therapeutic drug imatinib to neonatal ventricular cardiomyocytes. This drug has recently been found to be cardiotoxic, and we set out to understand if Ca2+ is involved. In the second model, we developed mice with overexpression of the Ca2+ entrance channel, the L-type calcium channel (LTCC), which leads to pathological hypertrophy over time. We instituted a chronic exercise regimen on these mice to learn if physiological hypertrophy can ameliorate detrimental aspects of pathological hypertrophy. After cardiomyocytes were treated with imatinib, they expressed enhanced Ca2+ activity. Levels of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) were up, signifying pathological hypertrophy. We determined that Ca2+ was activating Calcineurin, leading to translocation of nuclear factor of activated T-cells (NFAT) into the nucleus, resulting in hypertrophy. This activity was blocked by Ca2+ and Calcineurin inhibitors. We concluded that imatinib causes Ca2+ induced pathological hypertrophy. When mice with LTCC overexpression were exercised, they exhibited enhanced cardiac function. They also had thicker septal walls and increased chamber diameter, hallmarks of physiological hypertrophy. Heart weight to body weight ratio was significantly higher after exercise. When isolated hearts were administered ischemia/reperfusion injury, the exercised hearts showed a significant improvement in recovery compared to sedentary LTCC overexpressed hearts. Calcium activity was enhanced at the cardiomyocyte level in both mouse lines of exercised mice. In conclusion, hearts with a pathological hypertrophic phenotype can enhance function and achieve cardioprotection through chronic exercise.
Temple University – ThesesAdvisors/Committee Members: Houser, Steven R., Rizzo, Victor, Chen, Xiongwen, Libonati, Joseph R., Rabinowitz, Joseph;.
APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager
APA (6th Edition):
Barr, L. A. (2014). The Role of Calcium in the Regulation of Pathological Hypertrophy. (Doctoral Dissertation). Temple University. Retrieved from http://digital.library.temple.edu/u?/p245801coll10,254617
Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):
Barr, Larry A. “The Role of Calcium in the Regulation of Pathological Hypertrophy.” 2014. Doctoral Dissertation, Temple University. Accessed August 14, 2020. http://digital.library.temple.edu/u?/p245801coll10,254617.
MLA Handbook (7th Edition):
Barr, Larry A. “The Role of Calcium in the Regulation of Pathological Hypertrophy.” 2014. Web. 14 Aug 2020.
Barr LA. The Role of Calcium in the Regulation of Pathological Hypertrophy. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. Temple University; 2014. [cited 2020 Aug 14]. Available from: http://digital.library.temple.edu/u?/p245801coll10,254617.
Council of Science Editors:
Barr LA. The Role of Calcium in the Regulation of Pathological Hypertrophy. [Doctoral Dissertation]. Temple University; 2014. Available from: http://digital.library.temple.edu/u?/p245801coll10,254617