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1. Thomas, Dafydd Huw. Regulation of Syk activity in GPVI-mediated platelet activation.
Degree: PhD, 2010, Temple University
Activation of platelets is essential for hemostasis. Following damage to the vascular endothelium collagen is exposed, to which platelets stably adhere. After adhesion on collagen, a signaling cascade is initiated, mediated by Glycoprotein VI (GPVI), which results in platelet activation. A major signaling protein in GPVI signaling is Spleen tyrosine kinase (Syk). It undergoes phosphorylation and activation following GPVI stimulation. Syk's central role in this physiological process suggests regulation of its activity is required to maintain the platelets response to collagen within physiological limits. The regulation of Syk activation is the focus of this work. Previously published reports implicate the phosphatases SHP-1, SHP-2 and TULA-2 in the negative regulation of Syk. Therefore, we tested these phosphatases possible role in platelets. We show that SHP-1 can dephosphorylate Syk in vitro, but is unable to bind Syk. Also, Syk is hypophosphorylated in GPVI-stimulated SHP-1 deficient platelets and platelet functional responses are minimally affected compared to wild-type platelets. SHP-2 is unable to bind Syk and Syk is not a good substrate for SHP-2 in vitro. TULA-2 dephosphorylated Syk in vitro and associated with Syk in platelets. In TULA-2 deficient platelets, Syk and PLCγ2 were hyperphosphorylated compared to wild-type platelets. Deletion of TULA-2 resulted in enhanced GPVI-dependent platelet functional responses and a prothrombotic phenotype. c-Cbl has been shown to be a negative regulator of GPVI signaling, possibly by regulating Syk phosphorylation. Thus, SHP-1, SHP-2 and TULA-2’s role in c-Cbl regulation of GPVI was also investigated. We show that TULA-2 is able to bind c-Cbl in platelets. SHP-1 and SHP-2 do not. Furthermore, we show a striking similarity between the phenotype of TULA-2 and c-Cbl deficient platelets. However, in vitro binding studies show TULA-2 is able to bind Syk independently of c-Cbl. Thus, the exact role of c-Cbl in regulating Syk dephosphorylation is unclear. In conclusion, we show SHP-1 and SHP-2 are probably not involved in the negative regulation of Syk. However, TULA-2 is the major phosphatase responsible for the negative regulation of Syk in GPVI signaling. This serves to negatively regulate GPVI-mediated platelet function and prevent uncontrolled platelet activation that could lead to thrombosis.
Temple University – ThesesAdvisors/Committee Members: Daniel, James L., Ashby, Barrie, Kunapuli, Satya P., Tsygankov, Alexander, Wang, Hong, Bergmeier, Wolfgang.
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APA (6th Edition):
Thomas, D. H. (2010). Regulation of Syk activity in GPVI-mediated platelet activation. (Doctoral Dissertation). Temple University. Retrieved from http://digital.library.temple.edu/u?/p245801coll10,92028
Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):
Thomas, Dafydd Huw. “Regulation of Syk activity in GPVI-mediated platelet activation.” 2010. Doctoral Dissertation, Temple University. Accessed October 28, 2020. http://digital.library.temple.edu/u?/p245801coll10,92028.
MLA Handbook (7th Edition):
Thomas, Dafydd Huw. “Regulation of Syk activity in GPVI-mediated platelet activation.” 2010. Web. 28 Oct 2020.
Thomas DH. Regulation of Syk activity in GPVI-mediated platelet activation. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. Temple University; 2010. [cited 2020 Oct 28]. Available from: http://digital.library.temple.edu/u?/p245801coll10,92028.
Council of Science Editors:
Thomas DH. Regulation of Syk activity in GPVI-mediated platelet activation. [Doctoral Dissertation]. Temple University; 2010. Available from: http://digital.library.temple.edu/u?/p245801coll10,92028