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You searched for +publisher:"Rutgers University" +contributor:("Natarajan, Mangai"). Showing records 1 – 3 of 3 total matches.

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Rutgers University

1. Leberatto, Antony Carlo. Survivor scripts and safety scripts in Lima, Peru: citizens' cognitive assessments and decisions to maintain safety during victimization events and in their daily routines.

Degree: PhD, Criminal Justice, 2015, Rutgers University

This study describes how the choices made by crime survivors (during victimization events) and potential victims of crimes (in order to remain safe) affect the outcomes of crimes, the daily routines of citizens and their views on their personal safety. Expanding upon the crime script framework (Cornish, 1994), it describes “survivor scripts” (the cognitive assessment and decision making process employed by citizens before, during and after a victimization event) and “safety scripts” (the cognitive assessment and decision making process employed by citizens to maintain safety). The choices made in these scripts are detailed through the integration of concepts related to “citizen insecurity” (fear and risk of crime), opportunity theories and placed within the context of a Latin American culture. These scripts come from the accounts of 100 citizens in Lima, Peru; a metropolis with one of Latin America’s highest victimization rates. The study describes 14 different survivor script that describe the before during and after of the victimization events of robberies, burglaries, thefts, extortions, kidnappings, identity theft, assault, threats and vandalism. Before the victimizations, citizens employ precautions to procure their safety. During the victimizations, citizens are faced with decisions on how to react during their attacks based on their available choices and the constraints of their environments. After the victimizations, citizens make a number of choices concerning the reporting of the crime and how to prevent future victimizations. A safety script for the citizens of Lima was created; it includes the most common precautions employed by residents and divides them into 5 scenes containing 42 steps. All together, the analysis describes 72 home, 20 neighborhood and 215 personal categories of precautions. A combination of fear, risk assessments, cultural knowhow, crime experiences, victimization neutralization, informality and pragmatism inform the implementation of these protections. Residents explain that citizen insecurity is incremented by the high rates of crimes, negative experiences with the police and distrust of citizens, along with their personal victimization accounts. Thus, citizens feel they are forced to adapt lengthy safety scripts in order to decrease their chances of victimization in the absence of institutionalized resources for crime prevention. This leaves many to plan for likely victimizations rather than to plan to prevent them. In order to improve security, citizens would like more police professionalism, an increase in methods of security across the city and cooperation between citizens, law enforcement and local governments.

Advisors/Committee Members: Clarke, Ronald V (chair), Sullivan, Mercer (co-chair), Braga, Anthony (internal member), Natarajan, Mangai (outside member).

Subjects/Keywords: Victims – Peru; Crime prevention – Peru

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Leberatto, A. C. (2015). Survivor scripts and safety scripts in Lima, Peru: citizens' cognitive assessments and decisions to maintain safety during victimization events and in their daily routines. (Doctoral Dissertation). Rutgers University. Retrieved from https://rucore.libraries.rutgers.edu/rutgers-lib/48777/

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Leberatto, Antony Carlo. “Survivor scripts and safety scripts in Lima, Peru: citizens' cognitive assessments and decisions to maintain safety during victimization events and in their daily routines.” 2015. Doctoral Dissertation, Rutgers University. Accessed December 14, 2019. https://rucore.libraries.rutgers.edu/rutgers-lib/48777/.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Leberatto, Antony Carlo. “Survivor scripts and safety scripts in Lima, Peru: citizens' cognitive assessments and decisions to maintain safety during victimization events and in their daily routines.” 2015. Web. 14 Dec 2019.

Vancouver:

Leberatto AC. Survivor scripts and safety scripts in Lima, Peru: citizens' cognitive assessments and decisions to maintain safety during victimization events and in their daily routines. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. Rutgers University; 2015. [cited 2019 Dec 14]. Available from: https://rucore.libraries.rutgers.edu/rutgers-lib/48777/.

Council of Science Editors:

Leberatto AC. Survivor scripts and safety scripts in Lima, Peru: citizens' cognitive assessments and decisions to maintain safety during victimization events and in their daily routines. [Doctoral Dissertation]. Rutgers University; 2015. Available from: https://rucore.libraries.rutgers.edu/rutgers-lib/48777/


Rutgers University

2. De Souza, Elenice. Situational factors in homicides in a violence-ridden Brazilian favela.

Degree: PhD, Criminal Justice, 2010, Rutgers University

This study examines how and why situational factors can create opportunities for young males, mostly those involved in local drug trafficking, to commit homicides with impunity in the Brazilian favela of Alto Vera Cruz (AVC). The study shows how these factors can make murder easy to get away with in certain places, by imposing obstacles that hinder formal and informal mechanisms of control and prevention. Primary data in this study are based on systematic observation of situational features of 100 addresses where homicides had previously been committed in the AVC favela, between 2000 and 2006, and of 100 corresponding addresses in the same favela where no homicides were committed. The data analysis is performed using a matched case-control study in which the traits of specific geographical locations are studied rather than people. The study is unusual in the field of Criminology, in that it exhaustively analyzes the social and geographical characteristics of places in which homicides were committed by using a range of exploratory statistical analysis techniques, and by incorporating the spatial autocorrelation component in a conditional logistic regression model. The results of the regression model show that homicides are more likely to occur in specific settings that both make it easier for criminals to get away with their crimes, and reduce the amount of effort they need to expend in order to evade capture. These settings are characterized by the sale of illegal drugs, proximity to bars, the preponderance of hiding places and escape-routes, and an irregular urban landscape that helps limit surveillance by residents and the public. The findings of this study help encourage alternative responses for the violence that is common in favelas, expanding and complementing existing crime prevention strategies by removing or reducing criminals' opportunities to commit crimes, a key facet of the specialty field of Environmental Criminology.

Advisors/Committee Members: De Souza, Elenice (author), Clarke, Ronald Von (chair), Felson, Marcus (internal member), Kelling, George (internal member), Miller, Joel (internal member), Natarajan, Mangai (outside member).

Subjects/Keywords: Violence – Brazil – Belo Horizonte; Crime prevention; Homicide – Brazil – Belo Horizonte; Crime – Environmental aspects

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

De Souza, E. (2010). Situational factors in homicides in a violence-ridden Brazilian favela. (Doctoral Dissertation). Rutgers University. Retrieved from http://hdl.rutgers.edu/1782.2/rucore10002600001.ETD.000052889

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

De Souza, Elenice. “Situational factors in homicides in a violence-ridden Brazilian favela.” 2010. Doctoral Dissertation, Rutgers University. Accessed December 14, 2019. http://hdl.rutgers.edu/1782.2/rucore10002600001.ETD.000052889.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

De Souza, Elenice. “Situational factors in homicides in a violence-ridden Brazilian favela.” 2010. Web. 14 Dec 2019.

Vancouver:

De Souza E. Situational factors in homicides in a violence-ridden Brazilian favela. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. Rutgers University; 2010. [cited 2019 Dec 14]. Available from: http://hdl.rutgers.edu/1782.2/rucore10002600001.ETD.000052889.

Council of Science Editors:

De Souza E. Situational factors in homicides in a violence-ridden Brazilian favela. [Doctoral Dissertation]. Rutgers University; 2010. Available from: http://hdl.rutgers.edu/1782.2/rucore10002600001.ETD.000052889


Rutgers University

3. Hsu, Ko-Hsin, 1983-. How are street drug dealing locations selected?: a situational analysis.

Degree: Criminal Justice, 2014, Rutgers University

Subjects/Keywords: Drug traffic – New Jersey – Newark; Drugs of abuse – New Jersey – Newark; Streets – New Jersey – Newark; Selling – Drugs – New Jersey – Newark

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Hsu, Ko-Hsin, 1. (2014). How are street drug dealing locations selected?: a situational analysis. (Thesis). Rutgers University. Retrieved from https://rucore.libraries.rutgers.edu/rutgers-lib/43986/

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Hsu, Ko-Hsin, 1983-. “How are street drug dealing locations selected?: a situational analysis.” 2014. Thesis, Rutgers University. Accessed December 14, 2019. https://rucore.libraries.rutgers.edu/rutgers-lib/43986/.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Hsu, Ko-Hsin, 1983-. “How are street drug dealing locations selected?: a situational analysis.” 2014. Web. 14 Dec 2019.

Vancouver:

Hsu, Ko-Hsin 1. How are street drug dealing locations selected?: a situational analysis. [Internet] [Thesis]. Rutgers University; 2014. [cited 2019 Dec 14]. Available from: https://rucore.libraries.rutgers.edu/rutgers-lib/43986/.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Council of Science Editors:

Hsu, Ko-Hsin 1. How are street drug dealing locations selected?: a situational analysis. [Thesis]. Rutgers University; 2014. Available from: https://rucore.libraries.rutgers.edu/rutgers-lib/43986/

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

.