Karacor, Mehmet Basar, 1982-.
Surface directed electrokinetic flows in microfluidic devices:.
Degree: MS, Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, 2009, Rutgers University
Electroosmotic flow control in microfluidic devices is an important and challenging problem, as electroosmosis directly influences separation efficiencies in lab-on-chip applications. In this study, a non-mechanical passive flow directing method is presented for electrokinetically driven flow. Due to the high surface-area-to-volume (SA/V) ratio, surface properties dominate the flow in microfluidic channels. For electrokinetically driven flows, the main surface property affecting electroosmotic flows is the surface ζ potential, which is related to the effective surface charge density. By changing the effective surface charge density, the electroosmotic flow rates of charged species can be controlled in microfluidic channels. In this work, to change the effective surface charge density, surfaces were chemically modified with –Br, –NH2 and –CH3 functional groups by ‘click’ chemistry. Since these functional surface layers are integrated within model glass microfluidic devices prepared by standard microfabrication procedures, the first step was to investigate the stability of the adherent surface layers to a variety of microfabrication conditions. A model “Y” shaped glass microfluidic device was developed. One leg of this model microfluidic device was selectively chemically modified to alter the ζ potential and thereby increase or decrease the electroosmotic flow with respect to rest of the device. Electroosmotic flow is visualized by using marker dyes under a fluorescent microscope. In addition, experiments were validated by using the CFD code in COMSOL. The experiments concluded that the surface layers are stable to a variety of conditions including a wide pH range (pH 3 – pH 11), solvent exposure, acid and base exposure, and UV light. Extreme conditions such as a piranha solution or oxidative plasma degrade the surface layers. Electrokinetic flow experiments show that depending on the charge of a species the electroosmotic flow is preferentially directed as a function of the ζ potential in the microfluidic channels.
Advisors/Committee Members: Karacor, Mehmet Basar, 1982- (author), Bottega, William (chair), Prakash, Shaurya (internal member), Diez-Garias, Javier (internal member), Bagchi, Prosenjit (internal member).
Subjects/Keywords: Electrokinetics; Microfluidics
to Zotero / EndNote / Reference
APA (6th Edition):
Karacor, Mehmet Basar, 1. (2009). Surface directed electrokinetic flows in microfluidic devices:. (Masters Thesis). Rutgers University. Retrieved from http://hdl.rutgers.edu/1782.2/rucore10001600001.ETD.000051839
Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):
Karacor, Mehmet Basar, 1982-. “Surface directed electrokinetic flows in microfluidic devices:.” 2009. Masters Thesis, Rutgers University. Accessed February 18, 2019.
MLA Handbook (7th Edition):
Karacor, Mehmet Basar, 1982-. “Surface directed electrokinetic flows in microfluidic devices:.” 2009. Web. 18 Feb 2019.
Karacor, Mehmet Basar 1. Surface directed electrokinetic flows in microfluidic devices:. [Internet] [Masters thesis]. Rutgers University; 2009. [cited 2019 Feb 18].
Available from: http://hdl.rutgers.edu/1782.2/rucore10001600001.ETD.000051839.
Council of Science Editors:
Karacor, Mehmet Basar 1. Surface directed electrokinetic flows in microfluidic devices:. [Masters Thesis]. Rutgers University; 2009. Available from: http://hdl.rutgers.edu/1782.2/rucore10001600001.ETD.000051839