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You searched for +publisher:"Rutgers University" +contributor:("Harris, Richard A."). Showing records 1 – 2 of 2 total matches.

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Rutgers University

1. Nickels, Ashley Elizabeth. Power, politics, and participation: the impact of municipal takeover on local democracy.

Degree: PhD, Public Affairs, 2016, Rutgers University

This research focused on the ways in which municipal takeovers reshape local democracy, not only by suspending representative government, but disrupting the existing order and creating opportunities and incentives that shift power in the local political system. The primary question that guided this research was: how, through its implementation, does municipal takeover policy reshape local democracy? Drawing from a constructivist-institutionalist framework, I found that the tools and strategies designed by the state to fix a local government’s fiscal health have both instrumental and symbolic effects, which restructured who, and by what means residents, groups, and organizations, participated politically. To answer the question about how municipal takeover policy reshapes local democracy and to identify the causal mechanisms that explain how municipal takeover can alter the local political system, this project utilized a policy-centered case study of Flint, Michigan, a city most recently in the news for lead contamination in its water. Michigan has one of the most aggressive policies for addressing local fiscal crises in the United States; state law effectively suspends the governing authority of local elected officials and puts in place state-appointed Emergency Managers. My analysis drew on documentary evidence from state and local government, news media, and Flint-focused urban histories; fieldwork conducted during the summer of 2015, at which time I interacted with many residents and local stakeholders; and 35 semi-structured interviews. Information gleaned from the data was analyzed using both interpretive and process tracing tools. This study shows that municipal takeover policy had a significant impact on local democracy in Flint. I found that the policy, when implemented, disparately impacted members of the community: benefiting some, while burdening others. How residents made meaning of takeovers was related to how they responded politically. As a result of changes in participatory access, allocation of resources, and their perception of the takeover, opponents of the policy created and utilized new pathways to power, undermining the inherent lack of democratic participation provided under takeovers and ameliorating the symbolic effects of the perceived threat to democracy.

Advisors/Committee Members: Harris, Richard A (chair), Minnite, Lorraine C (internal member), Blessett, Brandi (internal member).

Subjects/Keywords: Municipal government; Local government

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Nickels, A. E. (2016). Power, politics, and participation: the impact of municipal takeover on local democracy. (Doctoral Dissertation). Rutgers University. Retrieved from https://rucore.libraries.rutgers.edu/rutgers-lib/49820/

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Nickels, Ashley Elizabeth. “Power, politics, and participation: the impact of municipal takeover on local democracy.” 2016. Doctoral Dissertation, Rutgers University. Accessed February 24, 2021. https://rucore.libraries.rutgers.edu/rutgers-lib/49820/.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Nickels, Ashley Elizabeth. “Power, politics, and participation: the impact of municipal takeover on local democracy.” 2016. Web. 24 Feb 2021.

Vancouver:

Nickels AE. Power, politics, and participation: the impact of municipal takeover on local democracy. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. Rutgers University; 2016. [cited 2021 Feb 24]. Available from: https://rucore.libraries.rutgers.edu/rutgers-lib/49820/.

Council of Science Editors:

Nickels AE. Power, politics, and participation: the impact of municipal takeover on local democracy. [Doctoral Dissertation]. Rutgers University; 2016. Available from: https://rucore.libraries.rutgers.edu/rutgers-lib/49820/


Rutgers University

2. Clayton, Spencer T., 1983. Tax abatements and gentrification: how government policy disrupts communities.

Degree: PhD, Gentrification  – Pennsylvania  – Philadelphia, 2019, Rutgers University

Urban municipal governments often face challenges when redeveloping their distressed centers. In 2000, the City Council of Philadelphia passed a series of bills modifying its existing residential tax abatement policies to expand their eligibility and to make them last for ten years. The timing of the passage of these bills also corresponded with Mayor John Street’s Neighborhood Transformation Initiative (NTI), which aimed to prepare land for redevelopment. The combination of the revised abatement policies and NTI created a series of competing interests for politicians, business owners, and community organizations. Utilizing a methodological design consisting a historical critical analysis based on urban regime theory, GIS, and regression analysis, this dissertation profiles the formulation, implementation, and impact of Philadelphia’s tax abatement policies from 2000 to 2010. It also proposes a mechanism by which government policies can facilitate or accelerate gentrification. Results show support for a relationship between the incidence of tax abatements and gentrification.

Advisors/Committee Members: Harris, Richard A. (chair), Minnite, Lorraine C. (internal member), Jargowsky, Paul (internal member), Okulicz-Kozaryn, Adam (internal member).

Subjects/Keywords: Public Affairs; Property tax relief  – Pennsylvania  – Philadelphia

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Clayton, Spencer T., 1. (2019). Tax abatements and gentrification: how government policy disrupts communities. (Doctoral Dissertation). Rutgers University. Retrieved from https://rucore.libraries.rutgers.edu/rutgers-lib/60703/

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Clayton, Spencer T., 1983. “Tax abatements and gentrification: how government policy disrupts communities.” 2019. Doctoral Dissertation, Rutgers University. Accessed February 24, 2021. https://rucore.libraries.rutgers.edu/rutgers-lib/60703/.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Clayton, Spencer T., 1983. “Tax abatements and gentrification: how government policy disrupts communities.” 2019. Web. 24 Feb 2021.

Vancouver:

Clayton, Spencer T. 1. Tax abatements and gentrification: how government policy disrupts communities. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. Rutgers University; 2019. [cited 2021 Feb 24]. Available from: https://rucore.libraries.rutgers.edu/rutgers-lib/60703/.

Council of Science Editors:

Clayton, Spencer T. 1. Tax abatements and gentrification: how government policy disrupts communities. [Doctoral Dissertation]. Rutgers University; 2019. Available from: https://rucore.libraries.rutgers.edu/rutgers-lib/60703/

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