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You searched for +publisher:"Rhodes University" +contributor:("Sacht, Cheryl"). Showing records 1 – 2 of 2 total matches.

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Rhodes University

1. Hlabela, Patrick Simon. Design, synthesis and characterization of novel rhenium(V) and technetium(V) complexes as potential radiopharmaceuticals.

Degree: MS, Faculty of Science, Chemistry, 2001, Rhodes University

A number of bidentate N, N-diethyl-N' -(R ')benzoylthiourea ligands (where R' = H,CH₃,CI,OCH₃ and N0₂) have been synthesized, as well as the three Re(V) precursor complexes, ReOCl₃(PPh₃)₂,[ReO₂(py)₄]CI and [n-Bu₄N] [ReOCI₄J. The reaction of N,N-diethyl-N'-benzoylthiourea (LH) with these three metal precursor complexes in methanol in the presence of a base gave a novel mixed-ligand complex bis(N,N-diethyl-N'-benzoylthioureato)methoxyoxorhenium(V), [ReO(L)₂(OMe)] (1). In the absence of a base and under an inert atmosphere, the reaction between [n-Bu₄N][ReOCI₄] and LH yielded bis(N,N-diethyl-N'-benzoylthioureato)chlorooxorhenium(V), [ReO(L)₂CI] (lb). The reaction of LH with [ReO₂(py)₄]CI in ethanol and iso-propanol in the presence of sodium acetate gave the novel mixed ligand complexes bis(N,N-diethyl-N'benzoylthioureato) ethoxyoxorhenium(V), [ReO(L)₂(OEt)] (6) and bis(N,N-diethyl-N'benzoylthioureato)(iso-propoxy)oxorhenium(V), [ReO(L)₂(OiPr)] (7), respectively. An oxygen bridged dirhenium complex, [(L)₂0Re-O-ReO(L)₂] (15) was obtained when the reaction was carried out in acetonitrile. A series of mixed ligand Re(V)-oxo complexes using N, N-diethyl-Nʾ-(R' )benzoylthiourea (LR'),N,N-morpholino-N' -(R')benzoylthiourea (morph-LR') and 8-(N-(R')benzoylthiocarbamoyl)-1,4-dioxa-8-azaspiro[4.5]decane ligands (spiro-LR') (where R' = H,CH₃,CI, OCH₃ and N0₂) ((1)(14) have been prepared by the reaction of [ReO₂(py)₄]CI and the ligand in the presence of sodium acetate in methanol. The solution state chemistry of these complexes has shown that complexes(1)-(14) (with the exception of (1b)) undergo dimerization in solution to give complex (15) in the presence of water. Preliminary ¹H NMR kinetics studies of the dimerization of (1), (6) and (7) to (15) have shown that the rate of dimerization decreases in the order (7) > (6) > (1). The rate of dimerization has also been compared for complexes (1), [ReO(morph-L)₂(OMe)] (8) and [ReO(spiro-L)₂(OMe)] (13) and the rate of dimerization was found to be fastest for (13). The crystal structures of (1), [ReO(LN0₂)₂(OMe)] (4), (6) and (15) have been determined. The Re(V)-oxo complexes (1), (4) and (6) have a slightly distorted octahedral geometry with the two acylthiourea ligands binding in a cis arrangement in the equatorial plane of the octahedron. The alkoxy and oxo ligands occupy the axial positions and are situated trans to each other. The crystal and molecular structure of complex (15), consist of two slightly distorted octahedral [ReO(L)₂] moieties bridged by an oxygen atom with a Re-O-Re bond angle of 175.2(2)°. The preliminary studies done in the present study have indicated that the complexation chemistry of technetium(V) with the N,N-diethyl-benzoylthiourea is different to that of rhenium (V). The reaction between [n-BuN₄][TcOCl₄] and N,N-diethyl-N'-benzoylthiourea yielded the square pyramidal cationic complex [TcO(L)₂]Cl. By contrast the octahedral methoxy complex [ReO(L )₂( OMe)] was obtained when the analogous Re(V)-oxo precursor, [n-Bu₄N] [ReOCI₄], was reacted with… Advisors/Committee Members: Sacht, Cheryl.

Subjects/Keywords: Radiopharmaceuticals; Rhenium; Technetium

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APA (6th Edition):

Hlabela, P. S. (2001). Design, synthesis and characterization of novel rhenium(V) and technetium(V) complexes as potential radiopharmaceuticals. (Masters Thesis). Rhodes University. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10962/d1004964

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Hlabela, Patrick Simon. “Design, synthesis and characterization of novel rhenium(V) and technetium(V) complexes as potential radiopharmaceuticals.” 2001. Masters Thesis, Rhodes University. Accessed April 10, 2021. http://hdl.handle.net/10962/d1004964.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Hlabela, Patrick Simon. “Design, synthesis and characterization of novel rhenium(V) and technetium(V) complexes as potential radiopharmaceuticals.” 2001. Web. 10 Apr 2021.

Vancouver:

Hlabela PS. Design, synthesis and characterization of novel rhenium(V) and technetium(V) complexes as potential radiopharmaceuticals. [Internet] [Masters thesis]. Rhodes University; 2001. [cited 2021 Apr 10]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10962/d1004964.

Council of Science Editors:

Hlabela PS. Design, synthesis and characterization of novel rhenium(V) and technetium(V) complexes as potential radiopharmaceuticals. [Masters Thesis]. Rhodes University; 2001. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10962/d1004964


Rhodes University

2. Datt, Michael Steven. Synthesis and characterisation of novel platinum (II) complexes potential chemotherapeutic drugs.

Degree: PhD, Faculty of Science, Chemistry, 2001, Rhodes University

The present study involves the preparation of novel mixed-ligand platinum(II) complexes in the hope of expanding the range of platinum(II) complexes that exhibit anticancer activity and which are less toxic and have a broader spectrum of activity than cisplatin and its analogues. To this end, N-(3-R-benzoyl)-N’,N’-diethylthiourea, N-(3-R-benzoyl)-N’-morpholinothiourea, N-(3-Rbenzoyl)-N’,N’-di(2-hydroxyethyl)thiourea (R = NO2, Cl, H, CH3, OCH3), N,N-diethyl-N’-menthyloxycarbonylthiourea and N-menthyloxycarbonyl-N’-morpholinothiourea ligands, and their corresponding mixed-ligand platinum(II) complexes of the type [PtCl(L)(RR’SO)], were synthesised and characterised by elemental analyses, IR, 1H and 195Pt NMR spectroscopy and, in some cases, X-ray crystallography. Dimethylsulfoxide complexes were prepared using all the ligands, while complexes containing unsymmetrically substituted sulfoxides were prepared using the N-benzoyl-N’,N’-diethylthiourea and ,N-diethyl-’-(-)-(3R)-menthyloxycarbonylthiourea ligands only. The molecular structures of cis-(S,S)-[PtCl(DMSO)(L)] (where L = N-benzoyl-N’,N’-diethylthioureato, N-(+)-(3S)-menthyloxycarbonyl-N’-morpholinothioureato), cis-(S,S)-[Pt(N-benzoyl-N’,N’-diethylthioureato)Cl(MPSO)] and cis-[Pt(N-benzoyl-N’,N’-diethylthioureato)2] were determined by X-ray crystallography. The X-ray crystal structure of N,N-diethyl-N’- (-)-(3R)-menthyloxycarbonylthiourea was also determined. The spectroscopic and crystallographic data are consistent with complexes containing a (S,O)-chelated ligand and a sulfur-bonded sulfoxide ligand. However, the 1H and 195Pt NMR studies showed that the alkoxycarbonylthioureato complexes exist as geometric isomers with the sulfoxide coordinated either in a cis-(S,S) or trans-(S,S) arrangement with respect to the sulfur donor atom of the chelated ligand, whereas the acylthioureato complexes yielded only cis-(S,S)-[PtCl(L)(RR’SO)] complexes. The difference in the coordination chemistry of the acylthiourea and alkoxycarbonylthiourea ligands was examined further by treatment of the [PtCl(DMSO)(L)] complexes, where L = Nbenzoyl-N’,N’-diethylthioureato, N-benzoyl-N’-morpholinothioureato, N,N-diethyl-N’-(-)-(3R)- menthyloxycarbonylthioureato and N-(+)-(3S)-menthyloxycarbonyl-N’-morpholinothioureato, with PPh3 to give the corresponding [PtCl(L)(PPh3)] and [Pt(L)(PPh3)2]+ complexes. 31P NMR studies of these complexes reveal that the alkoxycarbonylthioureato ligands bind less strongly than the acylthioureato ligands, which is consistent with the crystallographic studies. The morpholine derivatives of the acylthioureato and alkoxycarbonylthioureato ligand systems also appear to bind less tightly than the diethyl derivatives. The weaker binding properties of the alkoxycarbonylthioureato ligands might be a possible explanation for the observed geometric isomerisation of these complexes, with the mechanism of isomerisation involving a chelate ringiv opening step. Furthermore, crystallographic and 31P NMR studies suggest that the acylthioureato carbonyl oxygen donor atom is… Advisors/Committee Members: Sacht, Cheryl.

Subjects/Keywords: Chemotherapy; Platinum

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Datt, M. S. (2001). Synthesis and characterisation of novel platinum (II) complexes potential chemotherapeutic drugs. (Doctoral Dissertation). Rhodes University. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10962/d1005031

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Datt, Michael Steven. “Synthesis and characterisation of novel platinum (II) complexes potential chemotherapeutic drugs.” 2001. Doctoral Dissertation, Rhodes University. Accessed April 10, 2021. http://hdl.handle.net/10962/d1005031.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Datt, Michael Steven. “Synthesis and characterisation of novel platinum (II) complexes potential chemotherapeutic drugs.” 2001. Web. 10 Apr 2021.

Vancouver:

Datt MS. Synthesis and characterisation of novel platinum (II) complexes potential chemotherapeutic drugs. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. Rhodes University; 2001. [cited 2021 Apr 10]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10962/d1005031.

Council of Science Editors:

Datt MS. Synthesis and characterisation of novel platinum (II) complexes potential chemotherapeutic drugs. [Doctoral Dissertation]. Rhodes University; 2001. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10962/d1005031

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