Oregon State University
Schroeder, Charles C.
An analysis of the impact of residential setting on the development of selected dimensions of self-actualization.
Degree: EdD, Education, 1972, Oregon State University
The purpose of this research was to determine if there were
initial differences in selected dimensions of self-actualization, as
measured by the Personal Orientation Inventory (POI), between the
freshmen who selected co-educational residence halls and those who
selected single-sex residence halls; and to determine if the type
of residence hall affected the development of certain dimensions of
self-actualization for these students over a period of approximately
seven months. In addition, the study sought to investigate the
relationship between the students' initial level of self-actualization
and the impact of different residential settings on the development
The primary source of the data was students' responses to the
following selected scales of the POI: Inner-Directed Support (I);
Existentiality (Ex); Feeling Reactivity (Fr); Spontaneity (S); Acceptance of Aggression (A); and Capacity for Intimate Contact (C).
The participants completed the POI during New Student Week
immediately preceding the 1971 fall term, and a second time during
the middle of April 1972.
A stratified sample of new freshmen living in residence halls
was selected for the study. A total of 568 students completed the POI
fall term and 449 completed both the pre- and post-testing sessions.
The data were analyzed by two analysis of variance models
and an analysis of covariance model. Statistical comparisons were
made to determine if differences existed between: (1) pre-test scores
for freshmen men and women who selected co-educational and single-sex
residence halls; (2) pre- and post-test scores for freshmen men
and women residing in co-ed and single-sex halls for a continuous
seven month period; and, (3) pre- and post-test scores for low,
medium and high self-actualizing freshmen men and women living
in co-ed and single-sex residences for a continuous period of seven
months. Observed differences were accepted as significant when
p < .05.
The following conclusions were drawn from the results of
1. Freshmen women initially scored significantly higher than
freshmen men on the six selected scales of the Personal Orientation
2. Freshmen students in co-educational residence halls
initially scored significantly higher on the I, Ex, and C scales of the
POI than freshmen residents in single-sex halls.
3. Freshmen females changed significantly more on the I,
Fr, and S scales over the seven month period than freshmen males.
4. Freshmen students living in co-ed halls changed significantly
more on the C scale than freshmen students in single-sex halls.
5. No significant differences in the amount of change were
recorded on the selected POI scales for low self-actualizing freshmen
males in single-sex and co-ed halls and for low self-actualizing
freshmen females in single-sex and co-educational residences.
6. No significant differences in the amount of change were
revealed on the selected POI scales for medium self-actualizing
freshmen females in single-sex and co-ed…
Advisors/Committee Members: LeMay, Morris (advisor), Haum, Franz (committee member).
to Zotero / EndNote / Reference
APA (6th Edition):
Schroeder, C. C. (1972). An analysis of the impact of residential setting on the development of selected dimensions of self-actualization. (Doctoral Dissertation). Oregon State University. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1957/44796
Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):
Schroeder, Charles C. “An analysis of the impact of residential setting on the development of selected dimensions of self-actualization.” 1972. Doctoral Dissertation, Oregon State University. Accessed December 06, 2019.
MLA Handbook (7th Edition):
Schroeder, Charles C. “An analysis of the impact of residential setting on the development of selected dimensions of self-actualization.” 1972. Web. 06 Dec 2019.
Schroeder CC. An analysis of the impact of residential setting on the development of selected dimensions of self-actualization. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. Oregon State University; 1972. [cited 2019 Dec 06].
Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1957/44796.
Council of Science Editors:
Schroeder CC. An analysis of the impact of residential setting on the development of selected dimensions of self-actualization. [Doctoral Dissertation]. Oregon State University; 1972. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1957/44796