Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University
Hydrogen economy : MEA manufacturing for PEM electrolysers.
Degree: MTech, Faculty of Science, 2011, Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University
The electrolysis of water was evaluated as a potentially efficient, as a low cost means of hydrogen production. The theoretical energy, voltage, current, and energy efficiencies of water electrolysis were considered by using various catalyst materials used in the fabrication of membrane electrode assemblies used in low temperature water electrolysis systems. Traditionally, iridium based catalysts have shown to be the most suitable material for its use on electrocatalysis of water to form hydrogen. This study showed that a combination of various elements as a binary and or ternary mixture in the base catalyst that was applied to the anode and cathode by using the Adam’s method had shown to give comparatively good results to that of using iridium oxide on its own. These catalysts were characterized by cyclic voltammetry, at different temperatures (30 °C-80 °C) with a range of catalyst loading of 0.2-0.5 mg.cm-2 noble metals. The study showed that the Ir40Co40 mixture as an anode catalyst was found to show highest hydrogen efficiency of 73 percent with a relatively low over potential of 0.925V at higher temperature of 80 °C. The mixture also showed to give the best electrocatalytic activity with a low Tafel slope of 30.1mV.dec-1. Whereas the Ir50Pt50 showed a comparatively lower hydrogen efficiency of 65 percent with a lower over potential of 0.6V at 50 °C. Ternary mixed oxide of Ir20Ru40Co40 showed an even lower over potential of 0.5- 0.6V over a large range of temperatures with a low hydrogen efficiency of 44 percent but gave good electrocatalytic activity in terms of the Tafel slope analysis. On the other hand, mixtures with relatively cheaper material such as Nickel in binary mixture systems such as Pt50Ni50 as cathode catalyst was found to show promising performance of a relatively low over potential that was less than 1.4 V with a low hydrogen efficiency of 62.1 percent Ternary cathode catalyst materials such as Pt33Ni33Co33 exhibited good performance with higher hydrogen efficiency of 65.2 percent at lower over potential of 1.2 V and a higher Tafel slope of 133.9 mV.dec-1 at 80 0C
Advisors/Committee Members: Gouws, S Dr, Ferg, E Dr.
Subjects/Keywords: Water – Electrolysis; Hydrogen
to Zotero / EndNote / Reference
APA (6th Edition):
Gojela, N. (2011). Hydrogen economy : MEA manufacturing for PEM electrolysers. (Masters Thesis). Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10948/1483
Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):
Gojela, Ntombekaya. “Hydrogen economy : MEA manufacturing for PEM electrolysers.” 2011. Masters Thesis, Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University. Accessed March 24, 2019.
MLA Handbook (7th Edition):
Gojela, Ntombekaya. “Hydrogen economy : MEA manufacturing for PEM electrolysers.” 2011. Web. 24 Mar 2019.
Gojela N. Hydrogen economy : MEA manufacturing for PEM electrolysers. [Internet] [Masters thesis]. Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University; 2011. [cited 2019 Mar 24].
Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10948/1483.
Council of Science Editors:
Gojela N. Hydrogen economy : MEA manufacturing for PEM electrolysers. [Masters Thesis]. Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University; 2011. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10948/1483