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You searched for +publisher:"NUI Galway" +contributor:("Byrne, Molly"). Showing records 1 – 2 of 2 total matches.

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1. Flannery, Caragh. Developing a behavior change intervention for physical activity during pregnancy.

Degree: 2019, NUI Galway

Background: Although the benefits of physical activity during pregnancy are well documented in the literature, women’s activity levels often reduce or cease during pregnancy. Moreover, adherence to physical activity guidelines is particularly low for pregnant women with a Body Mass Index (BMI) ≥25kg/m². Aim: The aim of this PhD is to enhance our understanding of physical activity during pregnancy with the view to inform the development of a theoretically based behaviour change intervention to improve physical activity levels for pregnant women with overweight and obesity. Methods: Following the guidelines of the UK Medical Research Council Framework for developing complex interventions, four studies were conducted to address the three steps in the development phase of this framework. In the first study a cross-sectional analysis using the Screening for Pregnancy Endpoints (SCOPE) data was conducted. This study examined the impact of other health behaviours (fruit and veg consumption, fish consumption, smoking and alcohol) and psychological well-being (perceived stress scale, behavioural responses to pregnancy, state trait anxiety inventory, depression scale, and postnatal depression score) on physical activity levels during early pregnancy. Two qualitative studies were conducted, the first with pregnant women with overweight and obesity to identify enablers and barriers to physical activity using the theoretical domains framework and COM-B model (capability, opportunity, motivation and behaviour). And secondly with health care professional to understand how obstetricians, GPs and midwives engage with women with overweight and obesity during pregnancy. In the final study a systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to identify and summarise the effectiveness of existing physical activity interventions for pregnant women with overweight and obesity with a specific emphasis on the behaviour change techniques employed. Findings: Results from the cross-sectional analysis found that having more than 12 years of schooling and a higher socioeconomic status was related to moderate physical activity compared to low physical activity. From the qualitative interviews with pregnant women with overweight and obesity, knowledge was identified as a barrier to physical activity, as women lacked information on safe activities during pregnancy and described the information they received from their midwife as ‘limited’. Social support was identified as a key enabler to physical activity; women are more likely to be physically activity if they received support from their family and friends. Health care professionals, described using a “softly-softly approach” to weight management in order to strike a balance between being woman-centred and empathetic and medicalising the conversation. Findings from the systematic review and meta-analysis, suggest that physical activity interventions are to some extent effective at increasing physical activity levels for pregnant women with overweight and obesity. The behaviour change… Advisors/Committee Members: Byrne, Molly, Health Research Board.

Subjects/Keywords: Pregnancy; Maternal obesity; Physical activity; Psychology

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Flannery, C. (2019). Developing a behavior change intervention for physical activity during pregnancy. (Thesis). NUI Galway. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10379/14983

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Flannery, Caragh. “Developing a behavior change intervention for physical activity during pregnancy.” 2019. Thesis, NUI Galway. Accessed October 17, 2019. http://hdl.handle.net/10379/14983.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Flannery, Caragh. “Developing a behavior change intervention for physical activity during pregnancy.” 2019. Web. 17 Oct 2019.

Vancouver:

Flannery C. Developing a behavior change intervention for physical activity during pregnancy. [Internet] [Thesis]. NUI Galway; 2019. [cited 2019 Oct 17]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10379/14983.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Council of Science Editors:

Flannery C. Developing a behavior change intervention for physical activity during pregnancy. [Thesis]. NUI Galway; 2019. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10379/14983

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

2. Fredrix, Milou. Exploring the effectiveness and implementation of goal-setting techniques in diabetes self-management interventions and structured education programme.

Degree: 2019, NUI Galway

Background. The treatment of diabetes consists of ongoing medical care and continuous self-management. Sub-optimal levels of diabetic control are commonly detected in people with diabetes. Therefore, Healthcare Professionals (HCPs) should aim to inform, educate and support people with diabetes on a continuous basis. ‘Collaborative goal-setting with patients’ has been identified as a HCP priority behaviour for diabetes research. Goal-setting techniques are widely recommended for diabetes self-management support. However, evidence is lacking regarding the effectiveness and implementation of goal-setting techniques in a diabetes context. Aim: This research aimed to explore the effectiveness and implementation of goal-setting techniques in diabetes self-management interventions and to explore the implementation of goal-setting techniques in the ‘Dose Adjustment for Normal Eating’ programme (DAFNE), a prominent Type 1 Diabetes Self-Management Education (DSME) programme. Methods. A combination of quantitative and qualitative methods was utilised. In study 1, a systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to identify an evidence base related to goal-setting interventions targeting diabetes outcomes. Study 2 explored how goal-setting is currently implemented in healthcare by assessing the active content and fidelity of delivery of the goal-setting component of DAFNE. A descriptive and observational design was used in which content from the manual of DAFNE’s goal-setting component was specified in terms of Behaviour Change Techniques (BCTs) and fidelity was assessed by comparing manual specified BCTs, with corresponding observations of DAFNE sessions. Study 3 utilised a qualitative design to explore DAFNE educators’ (HCPs) perspectives on the implementation and operationalisation of goal-setting in DAFNE and DSME programmes. Themes were identified through an inductive thematic analysis. Findings. The systematic review found some evidence suggesting that goal-setting interventions have a positive effect on blood glucose levels in people with diabetes. The content analysis of DAFNE’s goal-setting component identified 13 different BCTs (operationalised 41 times) within DAFNE’s delivery manuals. On average, 57.8% of these BCTs were delivered in practice with large variation across sessions, educators and BCTs. Five main themes were identified in the data from the qualitative interviews with DAFNE educators: ‘People need a plan’, discussing goal-setting’s importance; ‘the power of the group’, highlighting the impact a group format has on goal-setting practices; ‘diversity and individuality’, discussing differences in DAFNE participants’ and educators’ engagement with goal-setting; ‘goal-setting’s fit’, exploring concerns regarding goal-setting’s fit within DSME and follow-up care; and ‘feelings of inadequate psychological knowledge’, describing perceived challenges in delivering goal-setting content. Conclusion. The findings of this research contribute to a clearer understanding of HCPs’ goal-setting behaviour in a… Advisors/Committee Members: Byrne, Molly, Health Research Board.

Subjects/Keywords: Diabetes; Psychology; Education programmes; Fidelity; Implementation

Record DetailsSimilar RecordsGoogle PlusoneFacebookTwitterCiteULikeMendeleyreddit

APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Fredrix, M. (2019). Exploring the effectiveness and implementation of goal-setting techniques in diabetes self-management interventions and structured education programme. (Thesis). NUI Galway. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10379/14786

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Fredrix, Milou. “Exploring the effectiveness and implementation of goal-setting techniques in diabetes self-management interventions and structured education programme.” 2019. Thesis, NUI Galway. Accessed October 17, 2019. http://hdl.handle.net/10379/14786.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Fredrix, Milou. “Exploring the effectiveness and implementation of goal-setting techniques in diabetes self-management interventions and structured education programme.” 2019. Web. 17 Oct 2019.

Vancouver:

Fredrix M. Exploring the effectiveness and implementation of goal-setting techniques in diabetes self-management interventions and structured education programme. [Internet] [Thesis]. NUI Galway; 2019. [cited 2019 Oct 17]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10379/14786.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Council of Science Editors:

Fredrix M. Exploring the effectiveness and implementation of goal-setting techniques in diabetes self-management interventions and structured education programme. [Thesis]. NUI Galway; 2019. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10379/14786

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

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