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You searched for +publisher:"McMaster University" +contributor:("Tang, Ada"). Showing records 1 – 3 of 3 total matches.

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McMaster University

1. D'Isabella, Natalie. Novel vascular risk markers in community-dwelling adults with and without stroke.

Degree: MSc, 2016, McMaster University

Stroke is the leading cause of adult neurological disability. Novel markers of vascular disease progression, such as arterial stiffness and endothelial function, may provide early and sensitive stroke risk detection. However, measurement properties of these novel vascular risk markers have not yet been established in the post-stroke population, nor has the association between these risk markers and measures of physical function. Moreover, given that subclinical vascular disease may initially manifest as a decline in cognitive function, understanding vascular disease progression in older adults with and without cognitive impairment may provide information regarding early stroke risk. This study aimed to investigate 1) test-retest reliability and between-side differences in novel vascular risk markers in individuals with stroke, 2) differences in arterial stiffness and endothelial function between older adults without cognitive impairment, with cognitive impairment, and with stroke, and 3) relationships between novel vascular risk markers and physical function in individuals with and without stroke. Participants were 50-80 years of age, able to ambulate ≥10 meters, and for those with stroke, ≥1 year post-stroke. Carotid-femoral, carotid-radial, and femoral-foot pulse wave velocity (cfPWV, crPWV, and ffPWV, respectively) were used to quantify systemic arterial stiffness, and compliance and distensibility were used to quantify local carotid arterial stiffness. Flow-mediated dilation (FMD) was used to quantify endothelial function. Findings revealed almost perfect test-retest reliability of cfPWV (ICC>0.91, P<0.0001) and substantial test-retest reliability of FMD in individuals with stroke (ICC>0.70, P<0.01). There were no between-side differences in novel vascular measures, no differences in these measures across subgroups of increasing vascular risk, and a positive correlation between cfPWV and walking speed. Findings suggest that in the post-stroke population, cfPWV and FMD may be the most appropriate measures of vascular risk progression, that it may be more clinically feasibly to assess these measures on the unaffected side.

Thesis

Master of Science (MSc)

Novel measures of arterial health, such as arterial stiffness and endothelial function, may provide early stroke risk detection. This study aimed to assess the day-to-day reliability and between-side differences of these new arterial measures in people with stroke, and to also investigate relationships between these measures and cognitive function in older adults with and without stroke. Arterial stiffness was assessed using pressure sensors that measure the speed of the pulse waves, and endothelial function was assessed using ultrasound to measure the capacity of the arteries to expand following an increase in blood flow. Results found that the most well-established measures of arterial health were reliable and there were no between-side differences in any measures. No relationships were observed between arterial measures and cognitive function. Overall,…

Advisors/Committee Members: Tang, Ada, Rehabilitation Science.

Subjects/Keywords: stroke; vascular health; rehabilitation

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

D'Isabella, N. (2016). Novel vascular risk markers in community-dwelling adults with and without stroke. (Masters Thesis). McMaster University. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/11375/20672

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

D'Isabella, Natalie. “Novel vascular risk markers in community-dwelling adults with and without stroke.” 2016. Masters Thesis, McMaster University. Accessed September 18, 2019. http://hdl.handle.net/11375/20672.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

D'Isabella, Natalie. “Novel vascular risk markers in community-dwelling adults with and without stroke.” 2016. Web. 18 Sep 2019.

Vancouver:

D'Isabella N. Novel vascular risk markers in community-dwelling adults with and without stroke. [Internet] [Masters thesis]. McMaster University; 2016. [cited 2019 Sep 18]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/11375/20672.

Council of Science Editors:

D'Isabella N. Novel vascular risk markers in community-dwelling adults with and without stroke. [Masters Thesis]. McMaster University; 2016. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/11375/20672


McMaster University

2. Ba Armah, Shaymaa M. Effects of Exercise or Physical Activity on Overweight and Obese Individuals With Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

Degree: MSc, 2018, McMaster University

Rationale: The prevalence of obesity among individuals with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is increasing, which contributes to further ventilatory limitations, and compromised exercise capacity, and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) compared to COPD alone. Objective: To conduct a systematic review to evaluate the effects of exercise interventions on walking capacity, ventilatory parameters, anthropometrics and HRQOL in individuals with COPD and elevated weight. Methods: A search was conducted on March 16, 2018 of Embase, Medline, CINAHL, AMED and PsycINFO for controlled trials of exercise interventions, involving adults with any stage of severity and stability of COPD with concurrent obesity or overweight. Overall effects were determined with standardized (SMD) and weighted (WMD) mean difference, using Review Manager 5.3. Results: Nineteen studies with 1716 participants (BMI mean ± SD 28.2 ± 5.1 kg/m2) were included. Exercise interventions were effective in improving walking capacity measured by the 6-Minute Walk Test (6MWT), Endurance Shuttle Walk Test and Incremental Shuttle walk Test (12 studies, 1215 participants, SMD 0.25 (95% CI [0.06, 0.43]); p=0.01), fat-free mass index (2 studies, 285 participants, WMD 0.33 kg/m2 (95% CI [0.21, 0.46]); p<0.00001), St. George Respiratory Questionnaire (6 studies, 648 participants, WMD -7.49 points (95% CI [-13.01, -1.98]); p=0.008) and Chronic Respiratory Disease Questionnaire Dyspnea (5 studies, 478 participants, WMD 0.51 points (95% CI [0.00, 1.02]); p=0.05), Emotion (4 studies, 404 participants, WMD 0.28 points, 95% CI [0.03, 0.54]); p=0.03), and Mastery domains (4 studies, 404 participants, WMD 0.31 points (95% CI [0.02, 0.59]); p=0.03). There were no effects on ventilatory parameters or anthropometric measures. Conclusions: Exercise interventions were effective in improving walking capacity and HRQOL in individuals with COPD and elevated weight. There is an important opportunity to establish effective interventions to minimize the functional and health effects in this subset of the COPD population.

Thesis

Master of Health Sciences (MSc)

Advisors/Committee Members: Tang, Ada, Rehabilitation Science.

Subjects/Keywords: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease; Exercise; Obesity; Overweight

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Ba Armah, S. M. (2018). Effects of Exercise or Physical Activity on Overweight and Obese Individuals With Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. (Masters Thesis). McMaster University. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/11375/23437

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Ba Armah, Shaymaa M. “Effects of Exercise or Physical Activity on Overweight and Obese Individuals With Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.” 2018. Masters Thesis, McMaster University. Accessed September 18, 2019. http://hdl.handle.net/11375/23437.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Ba Armah, Shaymaa M. “Effects of Exercise or Physical Activity on Overweight and Obese Individuals With Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.” 2018. Web. 18 Sep 2019.

Vancouver:

Ba Armah SM. Effects of Exercise or Physical Activity on Overweight and Obese Individuals With Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. [Internet] [Masters thesis]. McMaster University; 2018. [cited 2019 Sep 18]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/11375/23437.

Council of Science Editors:

Ba Armah SM. Effects of Exercise or Physical Activity on Overweight and Obese Individuals With Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. [Masters Thesis]. McMaster University; 2018. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/11375/23437


McMaster University

3. Hasani, Fatmah. FOSTERING THE USE OF AN EVIDENCE-BASED APPROACH AND STANDARD.

Degree: MSc, 2014, McMaster University

Monitoring results is the final step that determines the impact of an evidencebased practice (EBP) decision. A variety of health outcomes can be expected to change following rehabilitation; therefore, outcome measures (OMs) are a major focus of EBP in rehabilitation. For instance, in patients with hand injuries, physiotherapy (PT) services focus on enabling patients to improve their functional use of the traumatized hand. Examining current practice of physiotherapists (PTs) in Saudi Arabia with respect to use of EBP and OMs can serve as a basis for understanding any identified gaps in knowledge before the full effect of translation and adoption of new patient self-reported outcomes (PROs) instruments can be seen in clinical practice. Therefore, this thesis was designed in two phases, incorporating two papers, to address EBP and PROs and their adoption in the evolving PT practice in Saudi. The first paper is a survey that aimed to determine the current self-reported attitudes, skills, and knowledge of PTs in Saudi Arabia toward EBP and outcome measures, including PROs. The second paper describes the process of crosscultural Arabic translation and adaptation of the Patient-Rated Wrist and Hand Evaluation (PRWHE) and reports estimates of the psychometrics properties of the translated measure. Finally, the thesis addresses overall areas of limitations and includes suggestions for future refinement and research in order to foster and facilitate EBP implementation in the cultural context of the evolving physiotherapy profession in the health systems of Saudi Arabia.

Thesis

Master of Science Rehabilitation Science (MSc)

Advisors/Committee Members: MacDermid, Joy, Tang, Ada, Kho, Michelle, Health.

Subjects/Keywords: Evidence-based Practice; Outcome Measures; cross-cultural adaptation

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Hasani, F. (2014). FOSTERING THE USE OF AN EVIDENCE-BASED APPROACH AND STANDARD. (Masters Thesis). McMaster University. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/11375/16557

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Hasani, Fatmah. “FOSTERING THE USE OF AN EVIDENCE-BASED APPROACH AND STANDARD.” 2014. Masters Thesis, McMaster University. Accessed September 18, 2019. http://hdl.handle.net/11375/16557.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Hasani, Fatmah. “FOSTERING THE USE OF AN EVIDENCE-BASED APPROACH AND STANDARD.” 2014. Web. 18 Sep 2019.

Vancouver:

Hasani F. FOSTERING THE USE OF AN EVIDENCE-BASED APPROACH AND STANDARD. [Internet] [Masters thesis]. McMaster University; 2014. [cited 2019 Sep 18]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/11375/16557.

Council of Science Editors:

Hasani F. FOSTERING THE USE OF AN EVIDENCE-BASED APPROACH AND STANDARD. [Masters Thesis]. McMaster University; 2014. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/11375/16557

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