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McMaster University

1. Moghrabi, Ahmad. INVESTIGATION OF LATTICE PHYSICS PHENOMENA WITH UNCERTAINTY ANALYSIS AND SENSITIVITY STUDY OF ENERGY GROUP DISCRETIZATION FOR THE CANADIAN PRESSURE TUBE SUPERCRITICAL WATER-COOLED REACTOR.

Degree: PhD, 2018, McMaster University

The Generation IV International Forum (GIF) has initiated an international collaboration for the research and development of the Generation IV future nuclear energy systems. The Canadian PT-SCWR is Canada’s contribution to the GIF as a GEN-IV advanced energy system. The PT-SCWR is a pressure tube reactor type and considered as an evolution of the conventional CANDU reactor. The PT-SCWR is characterized by bi-directional coolant flow through the High Efficiency Re-entrant Channel (HERC). The Canadian SCWR is a unique design involving high pressure and temperature coolant, a light water moderator, and a thorium-plutonium fuel, and is unlike any operating or conceptual reactor at this time. The SCWR does share some features in common with the BWR configuration (direct cycle, control blades etc…), CANDU (separate low temperature moderator), and the HTGR/HTR (coolant with high propensity to up-scatter), and so it represents a hybrid of many concepts. Because of its hybrid nature there have been subtle feedback effects reported in the literature which have not been fully analyzed and are highly dependent on these unique characteristics in the core. Also given the significant isotopic changes in the fuel it is necessary to understand how the feedback mechanisms evolve with fuel depletion. Finally, given the spectral differences from both CANDU and HTR reactors further study on the few-energy group homogenization is needed. The three papers in this thesis address each one of these issues identified in literature. Models were created using the SCALE (Standardized Computer Analysis for Licensing Evaluation) code package. Through this work, it was found that the lattice is affected by more than one large individual phenomenon but that these phenomena cancel one another to have a small net final change. These phenomena are highly affected by the coolant properties which have major roles in neutron thermalization process since the PT-SCWR is characterized by a tight lattice pitch. It was observed that fresh and depleted fuel have almost similar behaviour with small differences due to the Pu depletion and the production of minor actinides, 233U and xenon. It was also found that a higher thermal energy barrier is recommended for the two-energy-group structure since the PT-SCWR is characterized by a large coolant temperature compared to the conventional water thermal reactors. Two, three and four optimum energy group structure homogenizations were determined based on the behaviour of the neutron multiplication factor and other reactivity feedback coefficients. Robust numerical computations and experience in the physics of the problem were used in the few-energy group optimization methodology. The results show that the accuracy of the expected solution becomes highly independent of the number of energy groups with more than four energy groups used.

Thesis

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Advisors/Committee Members: Novog, David, Pencer, Jeremy, Buijs, Adriaan, Engineering Physics.

Subjects/Keywords: Generation IV nuclear reactor; Canadian PT-SCWR; Advanced nuclear Energy system; Lattice physics phenomena; Energy group structure optimization; SCALE code; Uncertainty Analysis; Sensitivity Analysis; Transport Calcuations; Optimization and algorithm

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Moghrabi, A. (2018). INVESTIGATION OF LATTICE PHYSICS PHENOMENA WITH UNCERTAINTY ANALYSIS AND SENSITIVITY STUDY OF ENERGY GROUP DISCRETIZATION FOR THE CANADIAN PRESSURE TUBE SUPERCRITICAL WATER-COOLED REACTOR. (Doctoral Dissertation). McMaster University. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/11375/22886

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Moghrabi, Ahmad. “INVESTIGATION OF LATTICE PHYSICS PHENOMENA WITH UNCERTAINTY ANALYSIS AND SENSITIVITY STUDY OF ENERGY GROUP DISCRETIZATION FOR THE CANADIAN PRESSURE TUBE SUPERCRITICAL WATER-COOLED REACTOR.” 2018. Doctoral Dissertation, McMaster University. Accessed June 24, 2019. http://hdl.handle.net/11375/22886.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Moghrabi, Ahmad. “INVESTIGATION OF LATTICE PHYSICS PHENOMENA WITH UNCERTAINTY ANALYSIS AND SENSITIVITY STUDY OF ENERGY GROUP DISCRETIZATION FOR THE CANADIAN PRESSURE TUBE SUPERCRITICAL WATER-COOLED REACTOR.” 2018. Web. 24 Jun 2019.

Vancouver:

Moghrabi A. INVESTIGATION OF LATTICE PHYSICS PHENOMENA WITH UNCERTAINTY ANALYSIS AND SENSITIVITY STUDY OF ENERGY GROUP DISCRETIZATION FOR THE CANADIAN PRESSURE TUBE SUPERCRITICAL WATER-COOLED REACTOR. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. McMaster University; 2018. [cited 2019 Jun 24]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/11375/22886.

Council of Science Editors:

Moghrabi A. INVESTIGATION OF LATTICE PHYSICS PHENOMENA WITH UNCERTAINTY ANALYSIS AND SENSITIVITY STUDY OF ENERGY GROUP DISCRETIZATION FOR THE CANADIAN PRESSURE TUBE SUPERCRITICAL WATER-COOLED REACTOR. [Doctoral Dissertation]. McMaster University; 2018. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/11375/22886

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