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McGill University

1. Oberlander Moshe, Marla. Peace building : the role of social work and law in the promotion of social capital and political integration.

Degree: PhD, School of Social Work., 2004, McGill University

The study suggests that two domestic conditions are critical to foster opportunities for sustainable peace between formerly conflicting societies. The conditions are defined as social capital and political integration. These are explored in the context of Israeli and Palestinian societies following the signing of the Oslo Peace Accords in 1993 and through 1999, just one year prior to the outbreak of the al-Aqsa Intifada.

Social capital refers to networks of association. Strong networks of relationship are important because they are positively associated with a community and/or society's ability to foster social cohesion, to problem-solve and cope with growing uncertainty such as that exemplifying the period of transition from conflict to peace.

Income inequality is inversely related to social capital. Communities and societies characterized by growing income inequality are typified by diminishing social capital, hence receding capacity to weather the impact of major societal change.

The term political integration refers to the relationship between a government and its citizens. In politically integrated societies citizens share a sense that government is concerned with their welfare and hence their loyalty is expressed through support of the government, its programs and policies. Growing political fragmentation, a lack of abidance, and the breakdown of relationships between civil society and government mark politically disintegrated societies. Political integration is particularly relevant in the aftermath of the signing of a peace agreement when domestic sectarian divides threaten to undermine the national entity that must maintain the delicate balance attained by formerly conflicting societies.

Social capital and political integration are the outcome of greater or lesser human rights: social and economic, civil and political. The persistence of inequality, social and economic, civil and political, wears down the relationships between members of a society and between citizens and their government.

Analysis of standard social and economic indicators in Palestinian and Israeli societies suggests that despite the promised peace dividend social and economic inequality persisted and in some instances worsened between 1993 and 1999. Analysis of civil and political conditions in both societies suggests that political disintegration as opposed to growing integration characterized the six-year period.

Advisors/Committee Members: Torczyner, J. (advisor).

Subjects/Keywords: Social service  – Political aspects; Arab-Israeli conflict; Reconciliation

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Oberlander Moshe, M. (2004). Peace building : the role of social work and law in the promotion of social capital and political integration. (Doctoral Dissertation). McGill University. Retrieved from http://digitool.library.mcgill.ca/thesisfile84686.pdf

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Oberlander Moshe, Marla. “Peace building : the role of social work and law in the promotion of social capital and political integration.” 2004. Doctoral Dissertation, McGill University. Accessed July 07, 2020. http://digitool.library.mcgill.ca/thesisfile84686.pdf.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Oberlander Moshe, Marla. “Peace building : the role of social work and law in the promotion of social capital and political integration.” 2004. Web. 07 Jul 2020.

Vancouver:

Oberlander Moshe M. Peace building : the role of social work and law in the promotion of social capital and political integration. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. McGill University; 2004. [cited 2020 Jul 07]. Available from: http://digitool.library.mcgill.ca/thesisfile84686.pdf.

Council of Science Editors:

Oberlander Moshe M. Peace building : the role of social work and law in the promotion of social capital and political integration. [Doctoral Dissertation]. McGill University; 2004. Available from: http://digitool.library.mcgill.ca/thesisfile84686.pdf

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