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You searched for +publisher:"Georgia Tech" +contributor:("Gary T. Henry"). Showing records 1 – 2 of 2 total matches.

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Georgia Tech

1. Andam, Kwaw Senyi. Essays on the evaluation of land use policy: the effects of regulatory protection on land use and social welfare.

Degree: PhD, Public Policy, 2008, Georgia Tech

Societies frequently implement land use policies to regulate resource extraction or to regulate development. However, two important policy questions remain unresolved. First, how effective are land use regulations? Second, how do land use regulations affect socioeconomic conditions? Three issues complicate the evaluation of land use policies: (1) overt bias may lead to incorrect estimates of policy effects if implementation is nonrandom; (2) the policy may affect outcomes in neighboring unregulated lands; and (3) unobservable differences between regulated and unregulated lands may lead to biased assessments. Previous evaluations of land use policies fail to address these sources of bias simultaneously. In this dissertation, I develop an approach, using matching methods, which jointly accounts for these complications. I apply the approach to evaluate the effects of Costa Rica s protected areas on land use and socioeconomic outcomes between 1960 and 2000. I find that: (1) protection prevented the deforestation of only 10 percent or less of protected forests; (2) protection resulted in reforestation of only 20 percent of non-forest areas that were protected; (3) protection had little effect on land use outside protected areas, most likely because, as noted above, protected areas had only small effects on land use inside protected areas; and (4) there is little evidence that protected areas had harmful impacts on the livelihoods of local communities: on the contrary, I find that protection had small positive effects on socioeconomic outcomes. Furthermore, the methods traditionally used to conduct such evaluations are biased. In contrast to the findings above, those conventional methods overestimated the amount of avoided deforestation and erroneously implied that protection had negative impacts on the livelihoods of local communities. This dissertation contributes to policymaking by providing empirical measures of protected area effectiveness. Although annual global expenditures on protected areas are about $6.5 billion, little is known to date about the returns on these investments. This study also indicates that policymakers should give careful consideration to current proposals to compensate communities living in or around protected areas: contrary to widely held assumptions, the findings suggest that protection may not have harmful effects on socioeconomic outcomes. Advisors/Committee Members: Paul J. Ferraro (Committee Chair), Alex Pfaff (Committee Member), Douglas Noonan (Committee Member), Gary T. Henry (Committee Member), Gregory B. Lewis (Committee Member).

Subjects/Keywords: Evaluation; Land use policy; Development economics; Matching methods; Deforestation; Reforestation; Socioeconomic indicators; GIS; Land use; Zoning; Public lands

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Andam, K. S. (2008). Essays on the evaluation of land use policy: the effects of regulatory protection on land use and social welfare. (Doctoral Dissertation). Georgia Tech. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1853/22622

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Andam, Kwaw Senyi. “Essays on the evaluation of land use policy: the effects of regulatory protection on land use and social welfare.” 2008. Doctoral Dissertation, Georgia Tech. Accessed April 16, 2021. http://hdl.handle.net/1853/22622.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Andam, Kwaw Senyi. “Essays on the evaluation of land use policy: the effects of regulatory protection on land use and social welfare.” 2008. Web. 16 Apr 2021.

Vancouver:

Andam KS. Essays on the evaluation of land use policy: the effects of regulatory protection on land use and social welfare. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. Georgia Tech; 2008. [cited 2021 Apr 16]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1853/22622.

Council of Science Editors:

Andam KS. Essays on the evaluation of land use policy: the effects of regulatory protection on land use and social welfare. [Doctoral Dissertation]. Georgia Tech; 2008. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1853/22622


Georgia Tech

2. Ertas, Nevbahar. Public school responses to charter school presence.

Degree: PhD, Public Policy, 2007, Georgia Tech

As charter schools continue to proliferate across United States, their impact on the public education system is becoming an increasingly important public policy question. Charter school proponents argue that combined pressures of consumer choice and market competition will induce traditional public schools to respond by providing higher quality education and promoting innovation and equity. Skeptics worry that charter schools pose risks of segregating students by race and economic level, and reducing per-pupil resources available to traditional public schools. This dissertation provides a comprehensive evaluation of the effects of charter schools on regular public schools by addressing the following questions: 1) How do the charter schools affect the racial, ethnic and cosio-economic distribution, student-teacher ratios and achievement of traditional public schools? 2) How do the size and scope of competitive effects vary according to different measures of competition? Using two-period panel data from the National Center of Education Statistics (NCES) Common Core Data (CCD) for traditional public schools in Florida, New Jersey, Texas and Ohio, I compare changes in racial and ethnic distribution, student-teacher ratios and achievement in public schools that do and do not face competition. I use a variation of the difference-in-differences (DD) estimation strategy to study the effect of charter schools on the outcome measures. The findings from the study suggest that introduction of charter schools in the educational landscape has affected student distributions, and at least in some cases, student-teacher ratios and the performance of traditional public schools. Charter schools seem to contribute to declines in the share of non-Hispanic white students in traditional public schools in all four states. The results show variation in other outcome areas across states and competition measures. The findings highlight the importance of monitoring what will happen to non-choosers in traditional schools as well as the role of considering state context and empirical measures while generalizing from charter school studies. Advisors/Committee Members: Christine Roch (Committee Chair), Gary T. Henry (Committee Member), Gordon Kingsley (Committee Member), Gregory B. Lewis (Committee Member), Mary Beth Walker (Committee Member).

Subjects/Keywords: Charter schools; School choice; Educational evaluation; Policy

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Ertas, N. (2007). Public school responses to charter school presence. (Doctoral Dissertation). Georgia Tech. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1853/16280

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Ertas, Nevbahar. “Public school responses to charter school presence.” 2007. Doctoral Dissertation, Georgia Tech. Accessed April 16, 2021. http://hdl.handle.net/1853/16280.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Ertas, Nevbahar. “Public school responses to charter school presence.” 2007. Web. 16 Apr 2021.

Vancouver:

Ertas N. Public school responses to charter school presence. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. Georgia Tech; 2007. [cited 2021 Apr 16]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1853/16280.

Council of Science Editors:

Ertas N. Public school responses to charter school presence. [Doctoral Dissertation]. Georgia Tech; 2007. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1853/16280

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