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You searched for +publisher:"Georgia Tech" +contributor:("Douglas Noonan"). Showing records 1 – 3 of 3 total matches.

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Georgia Tech

1. Andam, Kwaw Senyi. Essays on the evaluation of land use policy: the effects of regulatory protection on land use and social welfare.

Degree: PhD, Public Policy, 2008, Georgia Tech

Societies frequently implement land use policies to regulate resource extraction or to regulate development. However, two important policy questions remain unresolved. First, how effective are land use regulations? Second, how do land use regulations affect socioeconomic conditions? Three issues complicate the evaluation of land use policies: (1) overt bias may lead to incorrect estimates of policy effects if implementation is nonrandom; (2) the policy may affect outcomes in neighboring unregulated lands; and (3) unobservable differences between regulated and unregulated lands may lead to biased assessments. Previous evaluations of land use policies fail to address these sources of bias simultaneously. In this dissertation, I develop an approach, using matching methods, which jointly accounts for these complications. I apply the approach to evaluate the effects of Costa Rica s protected areas on land use and socioeconomic outcomes between 1960 and 2000. I find that: (1) protection prevented the deforestation of only 10 percent or less of protected forests; (2) protection resulted in reforestation of only 20 percent of non-forest areas that were protected; (3) protection had little effect on land use outside protected areas, most likely because, as noted above, protected areas had only small effects on land use inside protected areas; and (4) there is little evidence that protected areas had harmful impacts on the livelihoods of local communities: on the contrary, I find that protection had small positive effects on socioeconomic outcomes. Furthermore, the methods traditionally used to conduct such evaluations are biased. In contrast to the findings above, those conventional methods overestimated the amount of avoided deforestation and erroneously implied that protection had negative impacts on the livelihoods of local communities. This dissertation contributes to policymaking by providing empirical measures of protected area effectiveness. Although annual global expenditures on protected areas are about $6.5 billion, little is known to date about the returns on these investments. This study also indicates that policymakers should give careful consideration to current proposals to compensate communities living in or around protected areas: contrary to widely held assumptions, the findings suggest that protection may not have harmful effects on socioeconomic outcomes. Advisors/Committee Members: Paul J. Ferraro (Committee Chair), Alex Pfaff (Committee Member), Douglas Noonan (Committee Member), Gary T. Henry (Committee Member), Gregory B. Lewis (Committee Member).

Subjects/Keywords: Evaluation; Land use policy; Development economics; Matching methods; Deforestation; Reforestation; Socioeconomic indicators; GIS; Land use; Zoning; Public lands

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APA (6th Edition):

Andam, K. S. (2008). Essays on the evaluation of land use policy: the effects of regulatory protection on land use and social welfare. (Doctoral Dissertation). Georgia Tech. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1853/22622

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Andam, Kwaw Senyi. “Essays on the evaluation of land use policy: the effects of regulatory protection on land use and social welfare.” 2008. Doctoral Dissertation, Georgia Tech. Accessed April 11, 2021. http://hdl.handle.net/1853/22622.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Andam, Kwaw Senyi. “Essays on the evaluation of land use policy: the effects of regulatory protection on land use and social welfare.” 2008. Web. 11 Apr 2021.

Vancouver:

Andam KS. Essays on the evaluation of land use policy: the effects of regulatory protection on land use and social welfare. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. Georgia Tech; 2008. [cited 2021 Apr 11]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1853/22622.

Council of Science Editors:

Andam KS. Essays on the evaluation of land use policy: the effects of regulatory protection on land use and social welfare. [Doctoral Dissertation]. Georgia Tech; 2008. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1853/22622

2. Brien, Spencer T. Three essays on the formation and finance of local governments.

Degree: PhD, Public Policy, 2011, Georgia Tech

This dissertation follows a three-essay format. Each essay evaluates a different fiscal institution from a public administration perspective. In the first essay I examine whether state-funded property tax exemptions are effective in reducing the property taxes. This class of exemption is characterized by a grant from state to local governments that is intended to replace property tax revenue and lower property tax payments. Two separate theories of local fiscal behavior predict that that price effects and fiscal illusion will reduce the effectiveness of this type of tax relief. I test these predictions using panel regression analysis on county-level data from Georgia. I find that only two thirds of the revenue allocated to this program is actually used for tax relief. In the second essay I test a model of the property tax in which the levy is set to balance the difference between budgeted expenditures and expected receipts from all other revenue sources. This model demonstrates how the property tax can be used to offset unexpected changes to other revenues given a change in personal income. This model is contrasted with an alternative model in which expenditures are budgeted after expected total revenues have been determined. I will estimate both models for local governments in Georgia and test which more accurately describes local fiscal performance. I will also use both to predict changes to the property tax over a period of time and measure which model generated the more accurate forecast. Unlike the first two papers, which are quantitative analyses of fiscal data, this chapter is a case study of the contract city model of governance as implemented in the newly incorporated city of Sandy Springs, Georgia. I investigate whether the scope of outsourcing in contract cities creates additional challenges for city officials that manage contractor performance. I evaluate the incentive structures in the contract agreements that influence the principal-agent relationship using a textual analysis research method. I find that certain combinations of municipal functions in a single public-private partnership creates the potential for negative synergies to arise which would increase the difficulty of monitoring and managing the private partner. Advisors/Committee Members: David Sjoquist (Committee Member), Douglas Noonan (Committee Member), Greg Lewis (Committee Member), Jon Rork (Committee Member), Robert J. Eger III (Committee Member), W. Bartley Hildreth (Committee Member).

Subjects/Keywords: Property tax; Contract cities; Local government; Property tax; Tax relief; Government outsourcing; Local government; Local finance Accounting; Tax exemption; Property tax; Municipal services Contracting out

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Brien, S. T. (2011). Three essays on the formation and finance of local governments. (Doctoral Dissertation). Georgia Tech. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1853/42890

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Brien, Spencer T. “Three essays on the formation and finance of local governments.” 2011. Doctoral Dissertation, Georgia Tech. Accessed April 11, 2021. http://hdl.handle.net/1853/42890.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Brien, Spencer T. “Three essays on the formation and finance of local governments.” 2011. Web. 11 Apr 2021.

Vancouver:

Brien ST. Three essays on the formation and finance of local governments. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. Georgia Tech; 2011. [cited 2021 Apr 11]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1853/42890.

Council of Science Editors:

Brien ST. Three essays on the formation and finance of local governments. [Doctoral Dissertation]. Georgia Tech; 2011. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1853/42890


Georgia Tech

3. Hu, Zhenhua. Two Essays on Corporate Income Taxes and Organizational Forms in the United States.

Degree: PhD, Public Policy, 2006, Georgia Tech

Corporate income taxation has a profound impact on economic behavior in the United States. This dissertation focuses on two aspects: the impact of dividend taxation on investment and the impact of corporate income tax exemption on nonprofit organizations activity. The first essay compares dividend payout ratios of C and S corporations to test the validity of the traditional and the new views on dividend taxation. Average corporate income tax rate is used as an instrumental variable. The results support the traditional view. The second essay focuses on whether the exemption of nonprofit organizations from the corporate income tax affects the competition between for-profit and nonprofit hospitals. Time series and panel data analysis show that tax subsidies to nonprofit organizations have a positive impact on nonprofit hospitals market share. Advisors/Committee Members: Gregory B. Lewis (Committee Chair), Bruce Seaman (Committee Member), Douglas Noonan (Committee Member), Michael Rushton (Committee Member), Sally Wallace (Committee Member).

Subjects/Keywords: C corporations; S corporations; Corporate income tax; For-profit organizations; Double taxation; Nonprofit organizations

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Hu, Z. (2006). Two Essays on Corporate Income Taxes and Organizational Forms in the United States. (Doctoral Dissertation). Georgia Tech. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1853/10442

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Hu, Zhenhua. “Two Essays on Corporate Income Taxes and Organizational Forms in the United States.” 2006. Doctoral Dissertation, Georgia Tech. Accessed April 11, 2021. http://hdl.handle.net/1853/10442.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Hu, Zhenhua. “Two Essays on Corporate Income Taxes and Organizational Forms in the United States.” 2006. Web. 11 Apr 2021.

Vancouver:

Hu Z. Two Essays on Corporate Income Taxes and Organizational Forms in the United States. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. Georgia Tech; 2006. [cited 2021 Apr 11]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1853/10442.

Council of Science Editors:

Hu Z. Two Essays on Corporate Income Taxes and Organizational Forms in the United States. [Doctoral Dissertation]. Georgia Tech; 2006. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1853/10442

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