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You searched for +publisher:"Georgia State University" +contributor:("Dr. Erdal Tekin - Chair"). Showing records 1 – 3 of 3 total matches.

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Georgia State University

1. Bastos de Malafaia, Viviane Maria. The Effect of Changes in Maternity Leave Policy on Labor Market Outcomes for Females in Brazil.

Degree: PhD, Economics, 2009, Georgia State University

Maternity leave policy has changed a few times over the last 20 years in Brazil. This dissertation investigates how a ceiling imposed on the maternity leave benefit paid by Brazilian Social Security in Dec, 1998 and its temporary suspension in May, 1999 affected females' employment and earnings using difference-in-difference method. We apply the difference-in-difference method to examine whether the changes in maternity leave policy negatively affected females in the labor market. Our analysis uses four treatment groups: 1) young females, aged 20 to 40 years; 2) young females working in the private sector; 3) older females, aged 41 to 65 years, working in the private sector; and 4) young females with infants. Young females were selected based on the fact that they have a higher probability of giving birth compared to older females and, consequently, using the maternity leave benefit. The second and third groups were supposedly the groups directly reached by these changes in maternity leave policy since earnings and employment in the public sector should not be based on an individual's gender and therefore discrimination may be absent or less prevalent there than in the private sector. We also include young females with infants as a treatment group since employers may use this information to infer the probability of a female having another child. We also propose four control groups: 1) older females aged between 41 and 65 years; 2) young females working in the public sector; 3) older females working in the public sector; and 4) young males. Overall, our results show that the limit imposed on maternity leave benefits paid by Social Security and the transfer of the responsibility of paying the remaining wages to employers negatively affected females' hourly wages, and this negative effect seems to have persisted even while the limit was temporarily suspended. Furthermore, young females were more affected by the change in policy than older females. These results lead us to think that these changes in maternity leave policy may have slowed the convergence of females' wages toward males' wages or "forced" females to swim upstream during the period from May 1999 to March 2003. Advisors/Committee Members: Dr. Erdal Tekin - Chair, Dr. Emilson C. D, Silva, Dr. Shiferaw Gurmu, Dr. Bruce E. Kaufman, Dr. Jorge L. Martinez-Vazquez.

Subjects/Keywords: Brazil; maternity leave; Economics

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Bastos de Malafaia, V. M. (2009). The Effect of Changes in Maternity Leave Policy on Labor Market Outcomes for Females in Brazil. (Doctoral Dissertation). Georgia State University. Retrieved from https://scholarworks.gsu.edu/econ_diss/35

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Bastos de Malafaia, Viviane Maria. “The Effect of Changes in Maternity Leave Policy on Labor Market Outcomes for Females in Brazil.” 2009. Doctoral Dissertation, Georgia State University. Accessed July 20, 2019. https://scholarworks.gsu.edu/econ_diss/35.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Bastos de Malafaia, Viviane Maria. “The Effect of Changes in Maternity Leave Policy on Labor Market Outcomes for Females in Brazil.” 2009. Web. 20 Jul 2019.

Vancouver:

Bastos de Malafaia VM. The Effect of Changes in Maternity Leave Policy on Labor Market Outcomes for Females in Brazil. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. Georgia State University; 2009. [cited 2019 Jul 20]. Available from: https://scholarworks.gsu.edu/econ_diss/35.

Council of Science Editors:

Bastos de Malafaia VM. The Effect of Changes in Maternity Leave Policy on Labor Market Outcomes for Females in Brazil. [Doctoral Dissertation]. Georgia State University; 2009. Available from: https://scholarworks.gsu.edu/econ_diss/35


Georgia State University

2. Amendah, Djesika Djatugbe. Labor Market Outcomes and Welfare Participation of Teen Mothers: Evidence from Georgia.

Degree: PhD, Economics, 2007, Georgia State University

This dissertation explores the effect of teen childbearing on the adult mother’s employment, earnings and welfare participation. This study contributes to the literature on the consequence of teen childbearing by relying on original datasets and using an array of samples and econometric methods to test the robustness of the results. We use state administrative data from several sources including the Georgia subset of the Vital Statistics for the years 1994-2002, the Wage and Employer files for the years 1990-2003, and the Welfare dataset for the years 1990-2005. We select three samples. The first sample is constructed with sisters raised in families on welfare, where one sister is a teen mother and the other a non-teen mother. The second sample is composed of young mothers who were pregnant as teens and whose first pregnancy ended with either a birth (teen mothers) or a fetal death (non-teen mothers). A third sample is selected by the propensity score matching technique on a subset of the second sample. For the labor market outcomes, this study suggests that teen childbearing has a negative effect on the employment and earnings of Blacks in the miscarriage sample and in the propensity score sample. However, White teen mothers are more likely to be employed and to earn more than the White non-teen mothers in the miscarriage sample. In contrast, the sisters’ sample does not show any statistical significant effect of teen childbearing on employment or earnings. These mixed results are probably due to the different distribution of the mothers’ race and socioeconomic status before pregnancy. Concerning welfare receipt, very few mothers in the sisters’ sample and no mothers in the propensity score sample receive welfare during the years of study. For the miscarriage sample, White teen mothers are less likely than the White non-teen mothers to receive welfare at any time. Blacks become less likely to receive welfare as their child’s age increases. The effect on Blacks might be due to the welfare reform that tightened the rules for welfare eligibility. This research suggests that as far as employment and earnings are concerned, policy dollars aimed at preventing teenage childbearing would be more efficiently used for the Blacks and low-income populations. However, the small magnitude of the teen coefficients in the employment and earnings analyses suggests that teen pregnancy prevention only will not have a very dramatic influence on the adult mothers’ standards of living. Therefore, policy dollars should also be directed to issues correlated with teen childbearing such as poverty or low education attainment. As for welfare participation, teen mothers are no more likely to rely on public assistance than non-teen mothers so their welfare dependence should not be a concern. Advisors/Committee Members: Dr. Erdal Tekin - Chair, Dr. Sally Wallace, Dr. Shiferaw Gurmu, Dr. E. Kathleen Adams.

Subjects/Keywords: teen childbirth; labor market outcomes; welfare; Economics

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Amendah, D. D. (2007). Labor Market Outcomes and Welfare Participation of Teen Mothers: Evidence from Georgia. (Doctoral Dissertation). Georgia State University. Retrieved from https://scholarworks.gsu.edu/econ_diss/41

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Amendah, Djesika Djatugbe. “Labor Market Outcomes and Welfare Participation of Teen Mothers: Evidence from Georgia.” 2007. Doctoral Dissertation, Georgia State University. Accessed July 20, 2019. https://scholarworks.gsu.edu/econ_diss/41.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Amendah, Djesika Djatugbe. “Labor Market Outcomes and Welfare Participation of Teen Mothers: Evidence from Georgia.” 2007. Web. 20 Jul 2019.

Vancouver:

Amendah DD. Labor Market Outcomes and Welfare Participation of Teen Mothers: Evidence from Georgia. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. Georgia State University; 2007. [cited 2019 Jul 20]. Available from: https://scholarworks.gsu.edu/econ_diss/41.

Council of Science Editors:

Amendah DD. Labor Market Outcomes and Welfare Participation of Teen Mothers: Evidence from Georgia. [Doctoral Dissertation]. Georgia State University; 2007. Available from: https://scholarworks.gsu.edu/econ_diss/41


Georgia State University

3. Wada, Roy. Obesity and Physical Fitness in the Labor Market.

Degree: PhD, Economics, 2007, Georgia State University

Mixed results have been reported when body size is used to estimate the effect of health and nutritional status on worker productivity. This dissertation offers an alternative hypothesis that body composition rather than body size is responsible for the effects of health and nutritional status on worker productivity. Body fat is responsible for the poor health associated with obesity. Lean body mass is responsible for the superior performance associated with physical fitness. Studies using body size alone cannot distinguish the combined, but opposite effects, of body fat and lean body mass. A method is provided here that overcomes the lack of data for body composition. The clinical information available in the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1988-94 (NHANES III) is used to estimate body composition for the survey participants in the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY 1979). The inclusion of estimated body composition in the estimated wage equation shows that the effect of lean body mass on the wage rate is positive while the effect of body fat is negative. Estimated body composition is then used to examine the role of physical differences in the gender wage gap. The decomposition of the gender wage gap shows that most of the previously unexplained differences in wages between men and women can be attributed to the gender differences in body composition. The explanatory power of estimated body composition rises significantly with occupational physical strength requirements. This result suggests that estimated body composition is capturing occupational requirements previously omitted from the past studies. The findings presented in this dissertation indicate that body composition plays an important, though previously unidentified, role on wage determination. It is clear that capital investments in body composition yield economic dividends by impacting hourly wages of workers. Empirical studies that do not address differences in body composition risk obtaining biased results. Future public health policies should take into consideration the combined but opposite effects of body fat and lean body mass. It is not body size alone, but the compositional makeup of the human body, that public health policies may need to address. Advisors/Committee Members: Dr. Erdal Tekin - Chair, Dr. Paul G. Farnham, Dr. Gregory B. Lewis, Dr. Inas Rashad.

Subjects/Keywords: obesity; health; labor market; wages; physical fitness; NLSY; NHANES III; BMI; body composition; Economics

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Wada, R. (2007). Obesity and Physical Fitness in the Labor Market. (Doctoral Dissertation). Georgia State University. Retrieved from https://scholarworks.gsu.edu/econ_diss/27

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Wada, Roy. “Obesity and Physical Fitness in the Labor Market.” 2007. Doctoral Dissertation, Georgia State University. Accessed July 20, 2019. https://scholarworks.gsu.edu/econ_diss/27.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Wada, Roy. “Obesity and Physical Fitness in the Labor Market.” 2007. Web. 20 Jul 2019.

Vancouver:

Wada R. Obesity and Physical Fitness in the Labor Market. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. Georgia State University; 2007. [cited 2019 Jul 20]. Available from: https://scholarworks.gsu.edu/econ_diss/27.

Council of Science Editors:

Wada R. Obesity and Physical Fitness in the Labor Market. [Doctoral Dissertation]. Georgia State University; 2007. Available from: https://scholarworks.gsu.edu/econ_diss/27

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