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1. Williams, Laura Linford. Malvinas Myths, Falklands Fictions: Cultural Responses to War from Both Sides of the Atlantic.
Degree: PhD, 2005, Florida State University
The Falklands/Malvinas War of 1982 brought two previously friendly nations into armed conflict – not only over the possession of a few small islands, but also over moral principles and national honor. Both Argentina and the United Kingdom had attached symbolic and mythic significations to the islands and to the struggle for their possession. These myths, closely tied to issues of national identity and pride, influenced national leaders and ordinary citizens alike to advocate what was seen on both sides as a just and necessary war for sovereignty and national dignity. This dissertation uses Roland Barthes's definition of myth as a constructed and superimposed signification, as well as Hayden White's theory that history and literature share similar plot structures, to examine how Britain's and Argentina's nationalist myths were developed and applied to the Falklands/Malvinas dispute. While governmental speeches, media reports, and polemic essays play a supportive role, my analysis centers on Falklands/Malvinas myths as they appear in artistic texts, including poetry, novels, short stories, theater, film, music, and visual arts. I compare many British and Argentinean texts that reiterate, endorse, question, or undermine nationalist myths in various ways, focusing the most detailed attention on ten central texts. Argentinean poetry from the anthology Nuestros poetas y las Malvinas (1983) and television playwright Ian Curteis's The Falklands Play (1987) are examined as "myth-perpetuators" that endorse or reiterate nationalist myths. Griselda Gambaro's Del sol naciente (1984) and Steven Berkoff's Sink the Belgrano! (1986) are discussed as "demythologizing" theater works that question and undermine official myths. The satirical novels Las Islas (1998), by Carlos Gamerro, and Swansong (1986), by Richard Francis, function as "countermythologizers," or texts that deploy their own myths to subvert and replace official myths. Finally both book and film versions of Los chicos de la guerra (1982, 1983) and Tumbledown (1988) are presented as ambiguous works that have escaped categorization and been assigned multiple interpretations. Although the official Falklands/Malvinas myths continue to endure, they have faced stronger questioning and opposition from competing viewpoints and myths in post-war years.
A Dissertation submitted to the Interdisciplinary Program in the Humanities in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy.
Degree Awarded: Spring Semester, 2005.
Date of Defense: March 25, 2005.
Modern Literature, Memoirs
Jean Graham-Jones, Professor Directing Dissertation; Dale A. Olsen, Outside Committee Member; William J. Cloonan, Committee Member; Juan C. Galeano, Committee Member.Advisors/Committee Members: Jean Graham-Jones (professor directing dissertation), Dale A. Olsen (outside committee member), William J. Cloonan (committee member), Juan C. Galeano (committee member).
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APA (6th Edition):
Williams, L. L. (2005). Malvinas Myths, Falklands Fictions: Cultural Responses to War from Both Sides of the Atlantic. (Doctoral Dissertation). Florida State University. Retrieved from http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_migr_etd-0972 ;
Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):
Williams, Laura Linford. “Malvinas Myths, Falklands Fictions: Cultural Responses to War from Both Sides of the Atlantic.” 2005. Doctoral Dissertation, Florida State University. Accessed November 16, 2019. http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_migr_etd-0972 ;.
MLA Handbook (7th Edition):
Williams, Laura Linford. “Malvinas Myths, Falklands Fictions: Cultural Responses to War from Both Sides of the Atlantic.” 2005. Web. 16 Nov 2019.
Williams LL. Malvinas Myths, Falklands Fictions: Cultural Responses to War from Both Sides of the Atlantic. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. Florida State University; 2005. [cited 2019 Nov 16]. Available from: http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_migr_etd-0972 ;.
Council of Science Editors:
Williams LL. Malvinas Myths, Falklands Fictions: Cultural Responses to War from Both Sides of the Atlantic. [Doctoral Dissertation]. Florida State University; 2005. Available from: http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_migr_etd-0972 ;