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You searched for +publisher:"Duke University" +contributor:("Mayer, Frederick"). Showing records 1 – 2 of 2 total matches.

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Duke University

1. Csaky, Eva. Smallholder Global Value Chain Participation: The Role of Aggregation .

Degree: 2014, Duke University

Smallholder farmers have been at the center of the development discourse not only because they represent a significant portion of the world's extreme poor but because of their potential role in food security, climate change and gender equality. Smallholders account for 70% of global food production but most of them in the developing world operate in the informal markets. Market formalization is accelerating even in the least developed countries, however, and formal market channels are gradually displacing informal ones. Global value chain based formal markets may also offer opportunities for smallholders to tap into fast growing international markets for high value agricultural products. One of the key challenges policymakers, the development community and agribusinesses face, however, is smallholders' limited formal organization ("producer organizations") that aggregate their production and demand for goods and services in order to enable more effective market participation ("aggregation"). Only 5-10% of farmers globally are estimated to participate in formal producer organizations. This is despite the fact that such organizations have been supported by both policymakers and the development field as a way of tackling poverty and addressing market failures. The shift towards food production being organized based on global value chains and production networks and the fast dissemination of supermarkets and other modern food retail outlets around the world is creating increased need for smallholders to partake in some form of aggregation mechanism in order to become contributors to the global food system. Agribusinesses that buy agricultural products have therefore also been encouraging producer organizations as a way to improve their ability to source from smallholders. Nonetheless, of the producer organizations that do exist in emerging economies, only a negligible portion have been able to achieve stable access to the growing global market of high value agricultural products. The objective of this dissertation is to contribute to the understanding of this paradox and to identify factors that may improve the likelihood and effectiveness of aggregation. The structure of this work is as follows: first the research problem and the gap in the literature (Chapter 1) will be defined, followed by the review of existing scholarship on smallholder agricultural producers, the globalization of agribusiness and global value chains as well as the literature on the aggregation of smallholder production, producer organizations and their access to global and modern value chains (Chapter 2). Next a conceptual framework will be proposed based on which a model for smallholder global-value-chain-relevant aggregation (Chapter 3) will be developed that takes into account the producer organization types, the services offered by the producer organizations, producer organizations' access to financing and the requirements of global value chains. The model will be tested first using the… Advisors/Committee Members: Mayer, Frederick (advisor).

Subjects/Keywords: Public policy; global value chain; producer organization; smallholder agriculture

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Csaky, E. (2014). Smallholder Global Value Chain Participation: The Role of Aggregation . (Thesis). Duke University. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10161/9384

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Csaky, Eva. “Smallholder Global Value Chain Participation: The Role of Aggregation .” 2014. Thesis, Duke University. Accessed March 26, 2019. http://hdl.handle.net/10161/9384.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Csaky, Eva. “Smallholder Global Value Chain Participation: The Role of Aggregation .” 2014. Web. 26 Mar 2019.

Vancouver:

Csaky E. Smallholder Global Value Chain Participation: The Role of Aggregation . [Internet] [Thesis]. Duke University; 2014. [cited 2019 Mar 26]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10161/9384.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Council of Science Editors:

Csaky E. Smallholder Global Value Chain Participation: The Role of Aggregation . [Thesis]. Duke University; 2014. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10161/9384

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation


Duke University

2. DeMenno, Mercy Berman. The Politics of the Regulatory Policymaking Process: Three Essays on Governments, Markets, and Effective Regulatory Governance .

Degree: 2018, Duke University

This dissertation comprises three articles: “Rethinking Stakeholder Participation in Regulatory Governance: A Historical-Institutional Analysis and Proposed Theoretical Model” (Chapter 2/Article 1): The regulatory policymaking process provides myriad opportunities for stakeholder participation. While policymakers have invested considerable resources in engaging stakeholders in regulatory policymaking, comparatively few resources have been invested in evaluating the effectiveness of participation processes. Similarly, although there is a burgeoning literature on stakeholder participation in regulatory policymaking, the topic of participatory effectiveness is under-explored. A more holistic understanding of the causal chain connecting participatory institutional design, stakeholder participation, and regulatory policy outcomes would contribute to the theory and practice of regulatory governance by illuminating the conditions under which interactions among regulators and external stakeholders promote or hinder effective regulatory policy. Based on a historical-institutional analysis of participatory institutional design in the United States over the last century and a review of the extant interdisciplinary theoretical and empirical literature, this article proposes a novel causal process model of participatory effectiveness. This model both formalizes a theoretical approach to defining participatory effectiveness and informs empirical approaches to measuring the effectiveness of participation in regulatory policymaking. “Technocracy, Democracy, and Public Policy: An Evaluation of Public Participation in Retrospective Regulatory Review” (Chapter 3/Article 2): In 2011 and 2012, President Obama issued a series of Executive Orders (EOs) mandating that U.S. federal agencies engage in “retrospective review” of their existing regulations. While prospective assessment of regulations is a well-established feature of the U.S. regulatory policy cycle, EOs 13563, 13579, and 13610 recognize that retrospective assessment is not yet institutionalized. This article presents the first systematic assessment of participation in U.S. retrospective regulatory review. Drawing on content analysis of an original dataset of government documents and public input, this article analyzes participatory institutional design, the level and composition of resulting participation, and the effectiveness of participation processes. The results suggest that participation processes were effective with respect to the purposes of participation identified in the EOs and extant literature: policy learning and process legitimacy. These findings offer preliminary evidence that under certain circumstances regulatory agencies may use participation to enhance technocratic expertise and promote democratic accountability. “Banking on Burden Reduction: How the Global Financial Crisis Shaped Stakeholder Participation in Banking Regulation” (Chapter 4/Article 3): The Economic Growth and Regulatory Paperwork Reduction Act (EGRPRA) of 1996 requires… Advisors/Committee Members: Mayer, Frederick W (advisor).

Subjects/Keywords: Public policy; Political science; Public administration; banking regulation; financial regulation; regulation; regulatory governance; retrospective review; stakeholder participation

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

DeMenno, M. B. (2018). The Politics of the Regulatory Policymaking Process: Three Essays on Governments, Markets, and Effective Regulatory Governance . (Thesis). Duke University. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10161/17435

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

DeMenno, Mercy Berman. “The Politics of the Regulatory Policymaking Process: Three Essays on Governments, Markets, and Effective Regulatory Governance .” 2018. Thesis, Duke University. Accessed March 26, 2019. http://hdl.handle.net/10161/17435.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

DeMenno, Mercy Berman. “The Politics of the Regulatory Policymaking Process: Three Essays on Governments, Markets, and Effective Regulatory Governance .” 2018. Web. 26 Mar 2019.

Vancouver:

DeMenno MB. The Politics of the Regulatory Policymaking Process: Three Essays on Governments, Markets, and Effective Regulatory Governance . [Internet] [Thesis]. Duke University; 2018. [cited 2019 Mar 26]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10161/17435.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Council of Science Editors:

DeMenno MB. The Politics of the Regulatory Policymaking Process: Three Essays on Governments, Markets, and Effective Regulatory Governance . [Thesis]. Duke University; 2018. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10161/17435

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

.