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You searched for +publisher:"Cornell University" +contributor:("Beneria, Lourdes"). Showing records 1 – 2 of 2 total matches.

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Cornell University

1. Lee, Hyun Ok. Political Economy Of Cross-Border Marriages : Economic Changes And Social Reproduction In South Korea .

Degree: 2011, Cornell University

In this dissertation, I analyze cross-border marriages between South Korean men and Vietnamese women within the framework of social reproduction. The volume of Vietnamese cross-border marriages has increased dramatically with the emergence of the commercial marriage brokerages industry in the late 1990s. While NGOs have raised concerns about the commodification of Vietnamese women, the South Korean government has actively supported cross-border marriages through legislations. Why and how cross-border marriages have increased in South Korea at this moment and gained so much attention in the policy arena are the primary questions addressed in this dissertation. The practice of cross-border marriage between Korean men and foreign women started as a response to widespread concern over the inability of large numbers of rural bachelors to find marriage partners in the 1980s. The "rural bachelors problem" arose in the context of growing concerns over the sustainability of rural communities that arose as a result of the policy of export-oriented industrialization that began in the 1960s. The increase in rural to urban migration and women's labor force participation, and the decline in fertility and marriage rates continued during this period and contributed to changing family patterns and the dismantling of the family as a key institution for care provision. By the mid 2000s, low fertility and a "care deficit" became national concerns and a series of legislative correctives, including the Framework Act on Healthy Families were implemented. Growing attention was paid to the "Multicultural Family," which is the government's official term for unions arising through cross-border marriage. While much of the discussion surrounding cross-border marriage focuses on individual marriage migrants' experiences, this dissertation focuses on the structural changes that accompany cross-border marriage. I use social reproduction as a framework within which to discuss both the demographic and the political economic context within which the practice has grown, including changes in migration patterns, women's labor force participation and their role in care provision, and the contexts of the welfare regime and notions of citizenship. I take the family, in particular the multicultural family, as a site through which to explore how these contexts and processes. . Care provision has become increasingly important in the current global political economy. Recent research on the global care chain and the feminization of labor migration has articulated how the pressure to reduce the cost of care provision in the context of the decline of the welfare state has contributed to affect female labor migration. In a similar vein, I have found that the increase in marriage migration coincides with the population and care crisis, which has resulted from the decrease in fertility and marriage rates, changes in family patterns, and the increase in women's labor force participation that has occurred since the industrialization period. Women have been primarily… Advisors/Committee Members: McMichael, Philip David (committeeMember), Beneria, Lourdes (committeeMember).

Subjects/Keywords: Cross-border marriage; Social Reproduction; South Korea; Feminization of Migration; Vietnam

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Lee, H. O. (2011). Political Economy Of Cross-Border Marriages : Economic Changes And Social Reproduction In South Korea . (Thesis). Cornell University. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1813/30656

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Lee, Hyun Ok. “Political Economy Of Cross-Border Marriages : Economic Changes And Social Reproduction In South Korea .” 2011. Thesis, Cornell University. Accessed March 26, 2019. http://hdl.handle.net/1813/30656.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Lee, Hyun Ok. “Political Economy Of Cross-Border Marriages : Economic Changes And Social Reproduction In South Korea .” 2011. Web. 26 Mar 2019.

Vancouver:

Lee HO. Political Economy Of Cross-Border Marriages : Economic Changes And Social Reproduction In South Korea . [Internet] [Thesis]. Cornell University; 2011. [cited 2019 Mar 26]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1813/30656.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Council of Science Editors:

Lee HO. Political Economy Of Cross-Border Marriages : Economic Changes And Social Reproduction In South Korea . [Thesis]. Cornell University; 2011. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1813/30656

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation


Cornell University

2. Reynolds, Sarah. Intergenerational Intra-Household Economics: Three Essays On Parents And Offspring .

Degree: 2011, Cornell University

The bulk of the literature on intra-household allocation discusses the relationship, power, and division of family resources between husband and wife. Seeking a wider understanding of family, researchers have broadened their scope to an intergenerational level, the dynamics of a parent and child are the focus of the first two papers: the first a two-stage theoretical discussion, and the second an empirical cross-sectional study. The third paper is a companion piece to the second, using the fieldwork as a case study. Paper 1 Intra-household literature focuses on bargaining power between husbands and wives, but does not consider the process between parents and children. The bequest literature asks how parents pass on wealth to their children but generally ignores the possibility that later in life parents may be codependent with children. Drawing on both arenas of family analysis, I present a model representing the nature of negotiation that may happen between parent and child: in stage one the parent is the sole decision maker, and then in stage two the child grows to participate in the bargaining process. The education decision the parent made in stage one affects the second period outcome; the child has more bargaining power with higher levels of education. A simplified analysis is done first with purely selfish participants, and then with a purely altruistic parent in a bequest model. These two extreme models are combined to form a model with both self-interested and altruistic components accruing to parent and child, a more realistic scenario. The contrasting models of a purely selfish parent with a purely altruistic parent provide insight as to how an intermediate result emerges in this model, which incorporates both characteristics. I conclude with a discussion of what would happen if a separation option is available, interpreted as an alternative wage scheme under migration. Paper 2 Within the literature on intra-household allocation I discuss a new population: teenage mothers and their mothers in Salvador, Brazil. A household survey and experimental games are the techniques used to analyze decision-making. A trust game tests for efficiency, and another game elicits valuations of a counting book, a newly introduced educational toy, to test for bargaining at the population level. While the experimental good is not representative of all elements comprising a baby's welfare, nor do these interactions purely reflect all household bargaining, this new method of analysis can be helpful when deciding policy for welfare transfers when endogeneity complicates econometric technique or when impoverished families are omitted from standard analysis due to a lack of private goods. At the population level, I find little evidence of bargaining, and Pareto efficient families' willingness to pay for the counting book is lower than the others'. The variety of behavior in the games suggests multiple family structures, some outside the typical models, and responses to the sociological questions included in the survey indicate… Advisors/Committee Members: Benjamin, Daniel (committeeMember), Beneria, Lourdes (committeeMember), Sahn, David Ezra (committeeMember).

Subjects/Keywords: Household Economics; Teen Mothers; Brazil

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Reynolds, S. (2011). Intergenerational Intra-Household Economics: Three Essays On Parents And Offspring . (Thesis). Cornell University. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1813/33608

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Reynolds, Sarah. “Intergenerational Intra-Household Economics: Three Essays On Parents And Offspring .” 2011. Thesis, Cornell University. Accessed March 26, 2019. http://hdl.handle.net/1813/33608.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Reynolds, Sarah. “Intergenerational Intra-Household Economics: Three Essays On Parents And Offspring .” 2011. Web. 26 Mar 2019.

Vancouver:

Reynolds S. Intergenerational Intra-Household Economics: Three Essays On Parents And Offspring . [Internet] [Thesis]. Cornell University; 2011. [cited 2019 Mar 26]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1813/33608.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Council of Science Editors:

Reynolds S. Intergenerational Intra-Household Economics: Three Essays On Parents And Offspring . [Thesis]. Cornell University; 2011. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/1813/33608

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

.