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You searched for +publisher:"Clemson University" +contributor:("Kimbrough-Melton , Robin J"). Showing records 1 – 2 of 2 total matches.

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Clemson University

1. Skosireva, Anna. ACCULTURATION, ALIENATION, AND HIV RISK AMONG THE RUSSIAN-SPEAKING DRUG USERS IN ESTONIA.

Degree: PhD, International Family and Community Studies, 2010, Clemson University

In 1991, dramatic socio-political changes transformed the Russian-speaking population in Estonia from the governing class to an immigrant minority virtually overnight absent of a relocation or emigration process. New citizenship and language policies, and associated socioeconomic hardships, drove many of the Russian-speaking population to the edges of the society. These processes were amplified by traditional acculturation challenges that led to increased psychological distress, rising indicators of social exclusion and social alienation, and poor health, including HIV/AIDS and substance abuse, in this linguistic group during the past two decades. Given the growing relevance of cultural issues in this group as well as the public health importance of drug abuse and HIV/AIDS epidemics in Estonia, this study aimed to: 1) develop an optimal group classification which adequately represents acculturation to Estonian culture among the Russian-speaking drug users in Estonia and to compare the defined groups in their demographic characteristics, acculturation stress, level of alienation, and HIV drug risk; 2) determine quality and nature of the relationship between acculturation stress, alienation, severity of drug abuse and their predictive strength on the level of HIV drug risk among the Russian-speaking drug users in Estonia. A convenience sample comprised of 150 Russian-speaking IDUs living in Tallinn was recruited through 'AIDS-i Tugikeskus' (AIDS Information and Support Center) in Tallinn. Participants completed a survey assessing acculturation to Estonian and Russian culture (Language, Identity, and Behavior Scale), acculturation stress (Social, Attitudinal, Familial, and Environmental Acculturative Stress Scale), level of alienation (Alienation scale), HIV drug risk (Risk Assessment Battery), and socio-demographic data. Univariate and bivariate statistics, cluster analysis, discriminant function and factors analyses, and structural equation modeling (SEM) were employed to test the research hypotheses. The results revealed that two acculturation typologies exist among Russian-speaking drug users in Estonia: Russian and bicultural. Better able to navigate Estonian society, bicultural individuals had significantly higher legal incomes and were more likely to have health insurance. At the same time, this group experienced higher levels of acculturation stress and cultural estrangement, compared to the Russian orientation group. The tenable model, developed in the process of SEM revealed that acculturation stress had a significant positive effect on social alienation. Social alienation, duration of drug injection and polydrug use all predicted a higher level of HIV drug risk. The effect of acculturation stress on HIV drug risk was fully mediated by alienation. Overall, the model explained 25% variance in HIV drug risk. These findings supported the acculturation stress framework that guided the research and pointed to the importance of focusing on socio-cultural factors in developing… Advisors/Committee Members: Kimbrough-Melton, Robin J, McDonell , James R, Holaday , Bonnie, El-Bassel , Nabila, Heidmets , Mati.

Subjects/Keywords: acculturation; acculturation stress; alienation; HIV risk; Social Psychology

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Skosireva, A. (2010). ACCULTURATION, ALIENATION, AND HIV RISK AMONG THE RUSSIAN-SPEAKING DRUG USERS IN ESTONIA. (Doctoral Dissertation). Clemson University. Retrieved from https://tigerprints.clemson.edu/all_dissertations/542

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Skosireva, Anna. “ACCULTURATION, ALIENATION, AND HIV RISK AMONG THE RUSSIAN-SPEAKING DRUG USERS IN ESTONIA.” 2010. Doctoral Dissertation, Clemson University. Accessed February 23, 2019. https://tigerprints.clemson.edu/all_dissertations/542.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Skosireva, Anna. “ACCULTURATION, ALIENATION, AND HIV RISK AMONG THE RUSSIAN-SPEAKING DRUG USERS IN ESTONIA.” 2010. Web. 23 Feb 2019.

Vancouver:

Skosireva A. ACCULTURATION, ALIENATION, AND HIV RISK AMONG THE RUSSIAN-SPEAKING DRUG USERS IN ESTONIA. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. Clemson University; 2010. [cited 2019 Feb 23]. Available from: https://tigerprints.clemson.edu/all_dissertations/542.

Council of Science Editors:

Skosireva A. ACCULTURATION, ALIENATION, AND HIV RISK AMONG THE RUSSIAN-SPEAKING DRUG USERS IN ESTONIA. [Doctoral Dissertation]. Clemson University; 2010. Available from: https://tigerprints.clemson.edu/all_dissertations/542


Clemson University

2. Sianko, Natallia. DEMOCRATIC ORIENTATIONS AMONG ADOLESCENTS IN ASPIRING AND ESTABLISHED DEMOCRACIES.

Degree: PhD, International Family and Community Studies, 2012, Clemson University

Democratic citizen orientation - support for democratic principles and values - appears an important ingredient in making democracies work. However, there is no agreement as to what attitudes and behaviors make up a democratic citizen orientation. The main goals of this dissertation are to: (1) identify and describe factors that characterize adolescents' democratic orientation, (2) explore cross-cultural variation in democratic orientations among adolescents in established and aspiring democracies, (3) investigate the relationship between adolescents' democratic orientations and historical legacies of their countries, (4) investigate the relationship between adolescents' democratic orientations and the current quality of democratic institutions, and (5) analyze the implications of democratic orientations among adolescents for their expected involvement in future political and social activities. This dissertation addresses these goals through quantitative analyses of data from the International Civic and Citizenship Education Study (ICCS, 2009) and the Quality of Democracy Index (2008-2009). Results from this dissertation reveal that democratic orientation does not form a homogenous democratic mindset. Rather, a pro-democratic orientation contains a multidimensional pattern of democratic attitudes, with three distinct aspects consistently present in all analyzed societies. Analyses of the role of historic legacies show that in their democratic orientations, adolescents are still largely influenced by previous regimes of their respective societies. Thus, it was found that countries with a history of democratic traditions tend to have a higher proportion of democratically-oriented adolescents in comparison with countries with a history of communism. However, the results are mixed in terms of specific factors that compose adolescents' democratic orientation. On average, students in countries with a history of democratic tradition show a greater endorsement of civil liberties values than students from countries with a history of communism. Similarly, higher trust levels are observed among adolescents in established democracies than among their peers in aspiring democracies. At the same time, when compared with adolescents in established democracies, students from aspiring democracies are more likely to have higher scores on the measure of engagement potential. Additional results show a strong relationship between adolescents' democratic orientation and the quality of democratic institutions in their countries. Specifically, a positive relationship was established between the quality of democratic institutions and adolescents' endorsement of civil liberties values and trust levels. Alternatively, a negative association was documented between adolescents' engagement potential and the quality of democratic institutions. Comparisons of the relative contributions of historical legacy and the quality of democratic orientations produced mixed results. Although historical legacy was found to be more… Advisors/Committee Members: Small, Mark A, Heidmets , Mati, Kimbrough-Melton , Robin J, Melton , Gary B, McDonell , James R.

Subjects/Keywords: democratic attitudes; democratization; historical legacy; transitioning countries; youth; Eastern European Studies

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Sianko, N. (2012). DEMOCRATIC ORIENTATIONS AMONG ADOLESCENTS IN ASPIRING AND ESTABLISHED DEMOCRACIES. (Doctoral Dissertation). Clemson University. Retrieved from https://tigerprints.clemson.edu/all_dissertations/1010

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Sianko, Natallia. “DEMOCRATIC ORIENTATIONS AMONG ADOLESCENTS IN ASPIRING AND ESTABLISHED DEMOCRACIES.” 2012. Doctoral Dissertation, Clemson University. Accessed February 23, 2019. https://tigerprints.clemson.edu/all_dissertations/1010.

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Sianko, Natallia. “DEMOCRATIC ORIENTATIONS AMONG ADOLESCENTS IN ASPIRING AND ESTABLISHED DEMOCRACIES.” 2012. Web. 23 Feb 2019.

Vancouver:

Sianko N. DEMOCRATIC ORIENTATIONS AMONG ADOLESCENTS IN ASPIRING AND ESTABLISHED DEMOCRACIES. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. Clemson University; 2012. [cited 2019 Feb 23]. Available from: https://tigerprints.clemson.edu/all_dissertations/1010.

Council of Science Editors:

Sianko N. DEMOCRATIC ORIENTATIONS AMONG ADOLESCENTS IN ASPIRING AND ESTABLISHED DEMOCRACIES. [Doctoral Dissertation]. Clemson University; 2012. Available from: https://tigerprints.clemson.edu/all_dissertations/1010

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