Effect of Silicone Finishes on the Burning Behavior of Polyester.
Degree: PhD, Materials Science and Engineering, 2014, Clemson University
Polyester fibers are widely used as filling in home applications such as pillows or comforters. Silicone finishes can be used to reduce friction between fibers during processing or as softeners to impart a pleasant down like hand on the fibers. However, it has been reported that these added silicone-based finishes may have a negative effect on the burning behavior of polyester. This research examined the possible mechanisms that can modify the response of polyester fibers when subjected to a flame source. In this study, a spunbond needled polyester nonwoven substrate was treated with different commercial silicone-based finishes. A vertical flame test was used to compare the effect of silicone finishes on the burning behavior of polyester to the inherent burning behavior of untreated polyester. Thermogravimetric analyses (TGA) were performed on spunbond polyester fabric samples to investigate the influence of silicone finishes on the thermal degradation of polyester in air. Residues from TGA were examined using Scanning Electron Microscopy coupled with elemental analysis. Vertical flammability testing showed that even at a low level, the application of silicone-based finishes on a polyester substrate resulted in a dramatic increase of the flame propagation by preventing its inherent response to heat. Thermograms suggested that the silicone finishes had little or no effect on the thermal degradation of polyester substrates.
Advisors/Committee Members: Dr. Philip J. Brown, Dr. Christine W. Cole, Dr. Gary C. Lickfield, Dr. Igor Luzinov.
Subjects/Keywords: flammability; polyester; silicones; textile; Materials Science and Engineering
to Zotero / EndNote / Reference
APA (6th Edition):
Boyon, J. (2014). Effect of Silicone Finishes on the Burning Behavior of Polyester. (Doctoral Dissertation). Clemson University. Retrieved from https://tigerprints.clemson.edu/all_dissertations/1386
Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):
Boyon, Julien. “Effect of Silicone Finishes on the Burning Behavior of Polyester.” 2014. Doctoral Dissertation, Clemson University. Accessed October 20, 2020.
MLA Handbook (7th Edition):
Boyon, Julien. “Effect of Silicone Finishes on the Burning Behavior of Polyester.” 2014. Web. 20 Oct 2020.
Boyon J. Effect of Silicone Finishes on the Burning Behavior of Polyester. [Internet] [Doctoral dissertation]. Clemson University; 2014. [cited 2020 Oct 20].
Available from: https://tigerprints.clemson.edu/all_dissertations/1386.
Council of Science Editors:
Boyon J. Effect of Silicone Finishes on the Burning Behavior of Polyester. [Doctoral Dissertation]. Clemson University; 2014. Available from: https://tigerprints.clemson.edu/all_dissertations/1386