Characterizing neuroanatomical changes in parvalbumin and perineuronal nets in a rat DISC-1 knock out model.
Degree: MS, Medical Sciences, 2019, Boston University
BACKGROUND: Schizophrenia is a debilitating disorder that has a profound impact on quality of life due to the presence of both cognitive deficits and psychotic symptoms. Despite having significant global economic and social costs and a worldwide prevalence of 1%, schizophrenia is still not well understood. Research has been making strides in uncovering the pathophysiology and the etiology that drive this disease, ranging from genetic abnormalities, disrupted circuitry, changes in microarchitecture, to impaired synaptic connectivity. Evidence suggests that disrupted-in-schizophrenia-1 (DISC1) driven genetic disturbances in fast-spiking parvalbumin (PV) neurons and their surrounding perineuronal nets (PNNs) likely contribute to schizophrenia etiology as they are part of the microcircuits required for working memory, a cognitive function that has been consistently impaired in schizophrenic patients.
OBJECTIVE: To identify the neuroanatomical changes in PV neurons and surrounding PNNs in the superficial and deep layers of the prelimbic and infralimbic prefrontal cortex of a rat DISC-1 knockout model.
METHODS: 19 DISC1-KO male rats and 15 wildtype rats were treated with saline or MK-801. They were sacrificed between P268-269 and brains were extracted and separated at the corpus callosum. After fixing and preserving, the brains were sliced then stained to visualize parvalbumin and perineuronal nets with immunohistochemistry. Slices were imaged and analyzed for PV, PNN, and PV+PNN counts in the superficial and deep regions of the prelimbic and infralimbic cortices. Averages counts within each group were taken and analyzed via 2-way ANOVAs for each brain region and dependent variable.
RESULTS: DISC1-KO rats displayed the following trending changes: decreased PV cells in deep layers of infralimbic and decreased PNNs throughout the prelimbic cortex. MK-801 appears to increase the number of unsheathed PV cells in the superficial layers of prelimbic and infralimbic cortex. It decreased the number of PNNs in the prelimbic of wildtype animals but not in the DISC1-KO cohort. MK-801 moderately increased PV counts in DISC1-KO.
CONCLUSIONS: This DISC1-KO model is a promising model of schizophrenia as we see the same directionality of decreases in PV and PNN as post mortem human studies. Furthermore, MK-801 is seen to have an increasing trend effect on PV cells, which should be considered when interpreting findings in future studies that look at these markers.
Advisors/Committee Members: Honeycutt, Jennifer (advisor).
Subjects/Keywords: Neurosciences; DISC1; Parvalbumin; Perineuronal nets; Prefrontal cortex; Schizophrenia
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APA (6th Edition):
Lee, H. (2019). Characterizing neuroanatomical changes in parvalbumin and perineuronal nets in a rat DISC-1 knock out model. (Masters Thesis). Boston University. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/2144/36599
Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):
Lee, Ha-Neul. “Characterizing neuroanatomical changes in parvalbumin and perineuronal nets in a rat DISC-1 knock out model.” 2019. Masters Thesis, Boston University. Accessed January 17, 2020.
MLA Handbook (7th Edition):
Lee, Ha-Neul. “Characterizing neuroanatomical changes in parvalbumin and perineuronal nets in a rat DISC-1 knock out model.” 2019. Web. 17 Jan 2020.
Lee H. Characterizing neuroanatomical changes in parvalbumin and perineuronal nets in a rat DISC-1 knock out model. [Internet] [Masters thesis]. Boston University; 2019. [cited 2020 Jan 17].
Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/2144/36599.
Council of Science Editors:
Lee H. Characterizing neuroanatomical changes in parvalbumin and perineuronal nets in a rat DISC-1 knock out model. [Masters Thesis]. Boston University; 2019. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/2144/36599