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You searched for +publisher:"Addis Ababa University" +contributor:("Pro. Harpal Singh"). Showing records 1 – 2 of 2 total matches.

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Addis Ababa University

1. Emebet, Moreda. PHENOTYIPC AND GENETIC CHARACTERIZATION OF INDGENOUS CHICKEN IN SOUTHWEST SHOWA AND GURAGE ZONES OF ETHIOPIA .

Degree: 2015, Addis Ababa University

This study was conducted to characterize and describe the genetic diversity and phenotypic variations in four indigenous chicken ecotypes of Southwest Showa and Gurage zones of Ethiopia under village production system. The genetic diversity of four indigenous chicken ecotypes was studied using ten microsatellite markers. Fayomi and Swedish breeds were included for comparison. The production and reproductive performances and egg quality traits of indigenous chickens were evaluated under extensive management system. Two districts from each of Southwest Showa and Gurage zones and 3 kebeles from each district and 25 households from each kebele were selected using random sampling. A survey was conducted on 295 selected households to describe the village-based poultry production systems. In majority of the households women (79.1%) were responsible for chicken rearing. Night shelter was provided by all farmers either in kitchen (0.4 %) or main house (4.7 %), or perch (90.9 %), bamboo cages (3.7 %) or separate shed (0.3 %). In both zones along with full day scavenging about 96.3 % of the respondents provided feed supplement and 99.7% provided water to their chicken. Most of the respondents (72.3%) cull their birds for income followed by consumption and income (16.9%), consumption (9.1%) and to sacrifice for religious rituals (1.7%). 70.3% of the respondents reported that pullet and cockerels reached sexual maturity at the average age of 5.5 months while 20.6% and 9.1% of the respondents reported they reached sexual maturity at the average age of 6.5 and 7.5 months respectively. Sexually mature female’s weight at 6 month was 750±222.30, 587±116.08, 925± 162.87and 670±385.29g in Dawo, Sedan Soda, Mehale Amba and Mehurena Aklile districts, respectively. The average number of eggs per clutch per hen in the study area was 12 with a maximum of 3 clutches/hen/year. Average number of eggs incubated per hen was 11 eggs. Average hatchability and chick survivability to adulthood were 76.6% and 65.5% respectively. The mean egg weight, shell weight, albumin weight, yolk weight, egg shell thickness, albumin thickens and yolk colour in south west zone were 42.59±2.64g, 7.08±2.35g, 18.58±3.23g, 16.93±2.22g, 0.32±0.05mm, 3.43±0.79mm, and 9.23±0.99, respectively and for Gurage zone were 42.36±5.55g, 8.34±1.89g, 17.24±4.64g, 16.7±2.727g, 0.30±0.05mm, 3.5±1.08mm and 8.86±0.66, respectively. Average fertility, hatchability (TES) iv and hatchability (FES) of Southwest Showa zone were 86.13, 46.79 and 51.85% and for Gurage zone were 85.67, 46.53 and 51.57%, respectively. About 91.9% respondents in the study area obtained their initial chick stock by purchasing, 4.4% by hatching and 3.7% as gift. Majority of replacement chicks (63.9%) in the study area were obtained by hatching followed by purchasing (31.1%) and gifts (5.1%). Finance sources to replace and start chicken production were sells of crops (46.36 %), egg (20.50%), poultry (6.65%), other animal (5.55%), and cash crop (4.43%) and off farm income (16.50%). Almost all respondents (97.6%)… Advisors/Committee Members: Pro. Harpal Singh (advisor).

Subjects/Keywords: Indigenous chicken; genetic diversity; village production system

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APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Emebet, M. (2015). PHENOTYIPC AND GENETIC CHARACTERIZATION OF INDGENOUS CHICKEN IN SOUTHWEST SHOWA AND GURAGE ZONES OF ETHIOPIA . (Thesis). Addis Ababa University. Retrieved from http://etd.aau.edu.et/dspace/handle/123456789/7604

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Emebet, Moreda. “PHENOTYIPC AND GENETIC CHARACTERIZATION OF INDGENOUS CHICKEN IN SOUTHWEST SHOWA AND GURAGE ZONES OF ETHIOPIA .” 2015. Thesis, Addis Ababa University. Accessed December 07, 2019. http://etd.aau.edu.et/dspace/handle/123456789/7604.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Emebet, Moreda. “PHENOTYIPC AND GENETIC CHARACTERIZATION OF INDGENOUS CHICKEN IN SOUTHWEST SHOWA AND GURAGE ZONES OF ETHIOPIA .” 2015. Web. 07 Dec 2019.

Vancouver:

Emebet M. PHENOTYIPC AND GENETIC CHARACTERIZATION OF INDGENOUS CHICKEN IN SOUTHWEST SHOWA AND GURAGE ZONES OF ETHIOPIA . [Internet] [Thesis]. Addis Ababa University; 2015. [cited 2019 Dec 07]. Available from: http://etd.aau.edu.et/dspace/handle/123456789/7604.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Council of Science Editors:

Emebet M. PHENOTYIPC AND GENETIC CHARACTERIZATION OF INDGENOUS CHICKEN IN SOUTHWEST SHOWA AND GURAGE ZONES OF ETHIOPIA . [Thesis]. Addis Ababa University; 2015. Available from: http://etd.aau.edu.et/dspace/handle/123456789/7604

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation


Addis Ababa University

2. Emebet, Moreda. PHENOTYIPC AND GENETIC CHARACTERIZATION OF INDGENOUS CHICKEN IN SOUTHWEST SHOWA AND GURAGE ZONES OF ETHIOPIA .

Degree: 2015, Addis Ababa University

This study was conducted to characterize and describe the genetic diversity and phenotypic variations in four indigenous chicken ecotypes of Southwest Showa and Gurage zones of Ethiopia under village production system. The genetic diversity of four indigenous chicken ecotypes was studied using ten microsatellite markers. Fayomi and Swedish breeds were included for comparison. The production and reproductive performances and egg quality traits of indigenous chickens were evaluated under extensive management system. Two districts from each of Southwest Showa and Gurage zones and 3 kebeles from each district and 25 households from each kebele were selected using random sampling. A survey was conducted on 295 selected households to describe the village-based poultry production systems. In majority of the households women (79.1%) were responsible for chicken rearing. Night shelter was provided by all farmers either in kitchen (0.4 %) or main house (4.7 %), or perch (90.9 %), bamboo cages (3.7 %) or separate shed (0.3 %). In both zones along with full day scavenging about 96.3 % of the respondents provided feed supplement and 99.7% provided water to their chicken. Most of the respondents (72.3%) cull their birds for income followed by consumption and income (16.9%), consumption (9.1%) and to sacrifice for religious rituals (1.7%). 70.3% of the respondents reported that pullet and cockerels reached sexual maturity at the average age of 5.5 months while 20.6% and 9.1% of the respondents reported they reached sexual maturity at the average age of 6.5 and 7.5 months respectively. Sexually mature female’s weight at 6 month was 750±222.30, 587±116.08, 925± 162.87and 670±385.29g in Dawo, Sedan Soda, Mehale Amba and Mehurena Aklile districts, respectively. The average number of eggs per clutch per hen in the study area was 12 with a maximum of 3 clutches/hen/year. Average number of eggs incubated per hen was 11 eggs. Average hatchability and chick survivability to adulthood were 76.6% and 65.5% respectively. The mean egg weight, shell weight, albumin weight, yolk weight, egg shell thickness, albumin thickens and yolk colour in south west zone were 42.59±2.64g, 7.08±2.35g, 18.58±3.23g, 16.93±2.22g, 0.32±0.05mm, 3.43±0.79mm, and 9.23±0.99, respectively and for Gurage zone were 42.36±5.55g, 8.34±1.89g, 17.24±4.64g, 16.7±2.727g, 0.30±0.05mm, 3.5±1.08mm and 8.86±0.66, respectively. Average fertility, hatchability (TES) and hatchability (FES) of Southwest Showa zone were 86.13, 46.79 and 51.85% and for Gurage zone were 85.67, 46.53 and 51.57%, respectively. About 91.9% respondents in the study area obtained their initial chick stock by purchasing, 4.4% by hatching and 3.7% as gift. Majority of replacement chicks (63.9%) in the study area were obtained by hatching followed by purchasing (31.1%) and gifts (5.1%). Finance sources to replace and start chicken production were sells of crops (46.36 %), egg (20.50%), poultry (6.65%), other animal (5.55%), and cash crop (4.43%) and off farm income (16.50%). Almost all respondents (97.6%)… Advisors/Committee Members: Pro. Harpal Singh (advisor).

Subjects/Keywords: Indigenous chicken; village production system; phenotypic variation

Record DetailsSimilar RecordsGoogle PlusoneFacebookTwitterCiteULikeMendeleyreddit

APA · Chicago · MLA · Vancouver · CSE | Export to Zotero / EndNote / Reference Manager

APA (6th Edition):

Emebet, M. (2015). PHENOTYIPC AND GENETIC CHARACTERIZATION OF INDGENOUS CHICKEN IN SOUTHWEST SHOWA AND GURAGE ZONES OF ETHIOPIA . (Thesis). Addis Ababa University. Retrieved from http://etd.aau.edu.et/dspace/handle/123456789/7609

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition):

Emebet, Moreda. “PHENOTYIPC AND GENETIC CHARACTERIZATION OF INDGENOUS CHICKEN IN SOUTHWEST SHOWA AND GURAGE ZONES OF ETHIOPIA .” 2015. Thesis, Addis Ababa University. Accessed December 07, 2019. http://etd.aau.edu.et/dspace/handle/123456789/7609.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

MLA Handbook (7th Edition):

Emebet, Moreda. “PHENOTYIPC AND GENETIC CHARACTERIZATION OF INDGENOUS CHICKEN IN SOUTHWEST SHOWA AND GURAGE ZONES OF ETHIOPIA .” 2015. Web. 07 Dec 2019.

Vancouver:

Emebet M. PHENOTYIPC AND GENETIC CHARACTERIZATION OF INDGENOUS CHICKEN IN SOUTHWEST SHOWA AND GURAGE ZONES OF ETHIOPIA . [Internet] [Thesis]. Addis Ababa University; 2015. [cited 2019 Dec 07]. Available from: http://etd.aau.edu.et/dspace/handle/123456789/7609.

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

Council of Science Editors:

Emebet M. PHENOTYIPC AND GENETIC CHARACTERIZATION OF INDGENOUS CHICKEN IN SOUTHWEST SHOWA AND GURAGE ZONES OF ETHIOPIA . [Thesis]. Addis Ababa University; 2015. Available from: http://etd.aau.edu.et/dspace/handle/123456789/7609

Note: this citation may be lacking information needed for this citation format:
Not specified: Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation

.