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Author
Title Hog farmers' compliance and the role of agro-environmental institutions in the Missisquoi Bay
URL
Publication Date
Degree MS
Discipline/Department Department of Natural Resource Sciences
Degree Level masters
University/Publisher McGill University
Abstract

Institutions, defined as rules, norms and strategies, play an important role in shaping socio-ecological interactions and determining human behavior. In Quebec, agro-environmental policies were introduced within the last 15 years to reduce the degrading effects of intensive agricultural production on land and water. However, the disturbance of water ecosystems remains a problem in agricultural areas in part due to producers' difficulties in complying with the present agro-environmental regulation. This research assesses the role of institutions in encouraging the compliance of hog farmers with Quebec's Règlement sur les exploitations agricoles (REA) in the Missiquoi Bay. This regulation is meant to reduce the ecological impact of farming systems and to guide animal production development in the province. This study follows the methodology of Crawford and Ostrom's (1995) "Grammar of Institutions" framework which identifies the actions encouraged, the actors assigned, the boundaries of the actions as well as the punitive measures present in any given institutional setting. Furthermore, this framework makes it possible to classify institution according to their grammatical content. This case study aligns with research conducted at the intercept of institutional and ecological economics, focusing on the role of institutions in fostering collective action and environmental outcomes as well as providing alternative policy recommendations according to normative foundations. The REA can be described by containing different types of institutions, classified by 84.5% of rules, 14.7% of norms and 0.8% of strategies. As most of the institutions in the REA exhibited complete grammar, the regulation can be considered to have a robust regulative role. However, when we analyzed rules according to the legitimacy of sanctions, we found out that the sanctions did not comply with all the conditions for their legitimacy, as the REA was not the result of collective action. The latter is a major parameter for the legitimacy and internalization of institutions. Our results show that although the REA looks rather robust from a grammatical perspective, it also offers a weak normative character. This study recommends the examination of other institutional design frameworks by focusing on the legitimacy of institutions.

Les institutions, définies comme des règles, normes et stratégies, contribuent à façonner les interactions socio-écologiques et à déterminer le comportement humain. Au Québec, des politiques agro-environnementales ont été introduites au cours de 15 dernières années dans le but de réduire les effets environnementaux de la production agricole. Cependant, la dégradation des milieux aquatiques demeure problématique dans les zones agricoles en partie à cause des difficultés éprouvées par les producteurs agricoles à se conformer aux règlementations agro-environnementales. Cette recherche se concentre sur le rôle des institutions dans l'encouragement de la conformité des producteurs de porc envers les politiques…

Subjects/Keywords Natural Resource Sciences
Contributors Nicolas Kosoy (Internal/Supervisor)
Language en
Rights All items in [email protected] are protected by copyright with all rights reserved unless otherwise indicated.
Country of Publication ca
Format application/pdf
Record ID oai:digitool.library.mcgill.ca:139022
Other Identifiers TC-QMM-139022
Repository mcgill
Date Retrieved
Date Indexed 2019-01-09
Grantor McGill University

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