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Title Pathogen prevalence in a highly vulnerable population of African lions in the Northern Tuli Game Reserve, Botswana
Publication Date
Date Available
Date Accessioned
Degree MS
Discipline/Department Forest Resources
Degree Level masters
University/Publisher University of Georgia
Abstract African lion (Panthera leo) numbers are decreasing and populations are becoming smaller and fragmented. Diseases are one reason for declines and low density populations are particularly vulnerable to disease epidemics. This study focused on viral and hemoparasite prevalence and characterization in a threatened lion population in Botswana. Blood and serum samples were collected on 50% of the adult/sub-adult lions in the Northern Tuli Game Reserve. Serology results revealed low antibody prevalence for feline panleukopenia (7%), calicivirus (15%) and canine distemper virus (15%). Higher prevalence occurred for feline immunodeficiency virus (76%) and herpesvirus (84%). All lions were seronegative for feline coronavirus and PCR-negative for Trypanosoma spp. Reverse line blot testing for Anaplasma, Theileria and Ehrlichia were negative; however, all lions tested positive for Babesia. Cloning and sequencing of amplicons from four lions revealed four Babesia spp. including variants of B. felis, B. lengau, B. canis vogeli and a Babesia sp. which likely represents a novel species most similar to B. microti.
Subjects/Keywords African lion
Contributors Michael Yabsley
Language en
Rights public
Country of Publication us
Record ID oai:ugakr.libs.uga.edu:10724/33241
Repository uga
Date Indexed 2016-12-30
Note [degree] MS; [department] Daniel B. Warnell School of Forestry and Natural Resources; [major] Forest Resources; [advisor] Michael Yabsley; [committee] Michael Yabsley;

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