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Title Recreando la imagen literaria de la mujer afrodescendiente en las narrativas femeninas afrocubanas y afrobrasileñas contemporáneas.
Publication Date
Degree Level doctoral
University/Publisher University of Tennessee – Knoxville
Abstract In the XIX century, Brazil and Cuba created the abolitionist novels whose main theme emphasized black women as their main literary figure. Even though these novels aimed to denounce and depict the atrocities of the modern slavery system, the discourse of this literary corpus portrayed women of African descent under a phallocentric and racist ideology. Consequently, their image carried many negative stereotypes that have relegated them to literary and sociocultural invisibility. With this in mind, the dissertation “Recreando la imagen literaria de la mujer afrodescendiente en las narrativas femeninas afrocubanas y afrobrasileñas contemporáneas” explores how through the stimulus of a self-representation discourse it is possible to transform the image of black women not only in the literary realm, but also in the sociocultural sphere. This assertion will be elaborated through the analysis of four narratives from contemporary Afro-feminine literature: Quarto de despejo (1960) written by Carolina Maria de Jesus, Um defeito de cor (2007) written by Ana Maria Gonçalves, Santa lujuria o papeles de blanco (1998) written by Marta Rojas, and Golpeando la memoria: testimonio de una poeta cubana afrodescendiente (2005) written by Georgina Herrera. These four texts focus on the recreation of the image of black women in contemporary Afro-feminine narratives in Brazil and in Cuba, in order to fight negative stereotypes and highlight black women’s cultural and historical contribution in these two nations. The common thread that these literary work share is the possibility that the four writers have for literary self-representation through the narrative voice and the afro-feminine characters. This dissertation examines how these voices and female characters destabilize conventional roles assigned to black women (the submissive slave, the passive mother, and the poor black women) by portraying images that bring them cultural visibility and literary and historical empowerment. Therefore, I will demonstrate how these writers engage in black women’s self-inscription in the historical and literary process by taking control of their own (hi)stories. Finally, this dissertation will invite readers to re-think how literature can provide a multitude of facets of one story.
Subjects/Keywords Afro- Brazilian; Afro-Cuban; Race; Memory; African Diaspora; Black Women; Race, Ethnicity and Post-Colonial Studies; Spanish and Portuguese Language and Literature
Country of Publication us
Format application/pdf
Record ID oai:trace.tennessee.edu:utk_graddiss-4772
Repository utk-diss
Date Retrieved
Date Indexed 2019-01-07

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