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Title THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN DEMANDS AND RESOURCES AND TEACHER BURNOUT: A FIFTEEN-YEAR META-ANALYSIS
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Degree Level doctoral
University/Publisher University of Tennessee – Knoxville
Abstract This meta-analysis explored the phenomenon of teacher burnout— the biggest contributor to teacher attrition (Owens, 2013; Unterbrink, 2014; Yu, 2015). The focus of this study was to use meta-analytical procedures to explore the relationship between burnout dimensions (i.e., emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and feelings of personal accomplishment) and specific demand and resource correlates. Demand correlates included work overload, role conflict, role ambiguity, and student misbehavior. Resource correlates included peer support, supervisory support, and decision-making. This meta-analytical research method encompassed fifteen years of published and unpublished studies from January 2000 through January 2015. A total of 116 studies met the following inclusion criteria: use of the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI), and teacher participants from rural or urban public elementary, middle, and/or secondary schools. Coding schemes included relevant quantitative data (e.g., Pearson r values, p-values, t, F, mean and standard deviation, or Fisher’s z statistics), and dichotomous or continuous variables. The study involved 39 meta-analyses using the Comprehensive Meta-Analysis (CMA, Version 2.0) software program to identify sample size, weighted mean correlational coefficient effect size, significance (p-value), mean, standard error, homogeneity (Q statistic), and degrees of freedom (df) within respective hypotheses and research questions. As hypothesized, findings indicated a positive relationship between emotional exhaustion and demand correlates, a negative relationship between depersonalization and resource correlates, and a positive relationship between personal accomplishment and resource correlates. No significant relationship was found between personal accomplishment and demand correlates, although unidentified variables may have moderated the relationship. This study provided substantive research, major findings, and practical recommendations that may influence future research, policies, and procedures to improve the wellbeing of educators. Teacher burnout is a debilitating psychological syndrome that continues to spread like wildfire and holds severe ramifications to the individual educator, students, educational system, and society as a whole. Previous research studies have lacked in: an organizational approach, empirical evidence, conclusive findings, and substantial research on the relationship between burnout dimensions and demand and resource correlates. Hobfoll’s Conservation of Resource Theory (1993, 2001), Leiter’s burnout model (1993), and Brewer’s Process of Meta-Analysis (2003) served as the theoretical framework and systematic means that guided this study.
Subjects/Keywords Teacher; Burnout; Meta-Analysis; Demands; Resources; Correlates; Adult and Continuing Education Administration; Applied Behavior Analysis; Cognition and Perception; Cognitive Psychology; Communication; Community College Education Administration; Community College Leadership; Counseling; Counseling Psychology; Counselor Education; Curriculum and Instruction; Curriculum and Social Inquiry; Disability and Equity in Education; Education; Educational Administration and Supervision; Educational Assessment, Evaluation, and Research; Educational Leadership; Educational Methods; Educational Psychology; Educational Sociology; Elementary and Middle and Secondary Education Administration; Elementary Education and Teaching; Gifted Education; Higher Education; Higher Education Administration; Higher Education and Teaching; Humane Education; International and Area Studies; International and Comparative Education; Interpersonal and Small Group Communication; Junior High, Intermediate, Middle School Education and Teaching; Leadership Studies; Liberal Studies; Online and Distance Education; Organizational Communication; Other Education; Other Educational Administration and Supervision; Other Psychology; Other Social and Behavioral Sciences; Other Teacher Education and Professional Development; Personality and Social Contexts; Pre-Elementary, Early Childhood, Kindergarten Teacher Education; Psychology; Public Administration; Public Affairs; Public Policy; Quantitative Psychology; School Psychology; Secondary Education and Teaching; Service Learning; Social and Behavioral Sciences; Social and Philosophical Foundations of Education; Social Influence and Political Communication; Social Policy; Social Psychology; Social Statistics; Social Welfare; Social Work; Sociology; Special Education Administration; Special Education and Teaching; Student Counseling and Personnel Services; Teacher Education and Professional Development; Theory and Philosophy; Urban Education
Country of Publication us
Format application/pdf
Record ID oai:trace.tennessee.edu:utk_graddiss-4707
Repository utk-diss
Date Retrieved
Date Indexed 2019-01-07

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