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Title A Sticky Space Model for Explanation and Individuation of Anchoring Effects
URL
Publication Date
Degree MA
Discipline/Department Philosophy
Degree Level thesis
University/Publisher Georgia State University
Abstract Current explanations for anchoring phenomena seem to be unable to account for the diversity of effects found by 40 years of research. Additionally, the theories do not have much to say about the processes that make anchors so resilient to modification. I argue that by focusing on the mechanisms involved in spatial representation, we can account for most anchoring effects which have spatial components.
Subjects/Keywords Cognitive Bias; Anchoring; Spatial Representation; Rationality
Contributors Neil Van Leeuwen; Eddy Nahmias; Daniel Weiskopf
Country of Publication us
Record ID oai:scholarworks.gsu.edu:philosophy_theses-1161
Repository georgia-state
Date Retrieved
Date Indexed 2018-01-11
Created Date 2014-12-17 08:00:00

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…31 6 STICKY SPACE AND ANCHORING ............................................................................................... 40 7 SPATIAL ANCHORING AND THE ‘RATIONALITY WARS’ ......................................................... 48 8…

…might seem strange, at first, to think that 8 anchoring should be found in spatial tasks given how well we perform tasks like navigation, picking up objects, and judging whether a shirt has shrunk in the drier. If, for example, thinking about your…

…argue that when we perform estimation tasks that involve spatial dimensions, we generate our responses by the same basic process that we generate estimates of distance and speed of objects on the highway. Roughly stated, my argument is that we use the…

…environment. Having a stable, but adaptable, scale to the spatial grid is advantageous because it allows for a range of behavior that would otherwise not be possible. However, when we engage in imagined or hypothetical situations the spatial grid becomes…

…disconnected from the objects that usually set its size. Therefore, the scale of the spatial grid is subject to alterations and distortions. When we try to use the 9 spatial grid to estimate spatial values in communicable terms, those distortions transfer to…

…our response values. Those (distorted) values account, I claim, for anchoring effects. Since not all anchoring effects need to use the spatial grid of our representational system, the model I present is limited. That limitation, however, is…

…actually a benefit because it allows us to differentiate spatial anchoring from anchoring phenomenon that employ numerical, temporal, or linguistic mechanisms. The structure of this paper can be broken into two main parts. The first three sections will…

…focus on anchoring effects. Section 2 will outline a few examples of anchoring with spatial components. This section is designed to provide the empirical findings which we will later use to assess theories. In section 3 I will put forth a list of…

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