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Title Subject of Conscience: On the Relation between Freedom and Discrimination in the Thought of Heidegger, Foucault, and Butler
Publication Date
University/Publisher University of South Florida
Abstract Martin Heidegger was not only one of the greatest philosophers of the twentieth century but also a supporter of and a contributor to one of the most discriminatory ideologies of the recent past. Thus, "the Heidegger's case" gives us philosophers an opportunity to work on discrimination from a philosophical perspective. My aim in this essay is to question the relationship between freedom and discrimination via Heidegger's philosophy. I will show that what bridges the gap between Heidegger's philosophy and a discriminatory ideology such as the National Socialist ideology is Heidegger's conceptualization of freedom with the aid of a monolithic understanding of history – one that refuses to acknowledge the plurality and heterogeneity in the socio-historical existence of human beings. Accordingly, I will claim that the Heideggerian freedom depends on the social, if not literal, murder of the marginalized segments of a given society. However, I will refuse to conclude that Heidegger's philosophy is a Nazi philosophy and that it should never be appropriated as long as we want to purify our thoughts from discriminatory ideas. Rather, I will re-appropriate Heidegger, against Heidegger, to read and interpret Michel Foucault's and Judith Butler's philosophies. My aim here is to construct a social ontology that may justify anti-discriminatory policies. More specifically, through my Heideggerian readings of Foucault and Butler, I will argue that one's freedom is dependent on the cultural resuscitation of socially, and sometimes literally, murdered racial, sexual, ethnic, religious, and sectarian/confessional minorities.
Subjects/Keywords Authenticity; National Socialism; Radical Democracy; Tradition; Philosophy
Rights default
Country of Publication us
Format application/pdf
Record ID oai:scholarcommons.usf.edu:etd-6017
Repository usf
Date Retrieved
Date Indexed 2019-01-18

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philosophy. In the first chapter, I will describe Heidegger’s understanding of freedom. In the second chapter, I will depict the conservative German world Heidegger was born into, and read Heidegger’s philosophy in the context of this world. Then, I will show…

…why the hegemonic way of conceptualizing the relationship between Heidegger’s philosophy and 8 the National Socialist ideology is wrong. In the third chapter, I will claim that what bridges the gap between Heidegger’s understanding of freedom and a…

…historical existence of human beings. In the fourth section, I will focus on the philosophy of one of the most important Heideggerians of the twentieth century, namely, Michel Foucault. I will interpret Foucault’s philosophy from the perspective of Heidegger…

…Zürcher Zeitung, and explained that I agreed neither with Barth’s political attack nor with Staiger’s defense, in so far as I was of the opinion that his partisanship for National Socialism lay in the essence of his philosophy. Heidegger agreed with me…

…Human Studies: A Journal for Philosophy and the Social Sciences 36(3), Copyright © (2013), (Springer). See Appendix for copyright information. 11 1.1. Inauthentic Historicity In Heidegger’s view, it is phenomenologically…

…itself and taking hold of itself. Anxiety brings Dasein face to face with its Being-free for the authenticity of its Being” (ibid.). As a result, in Heidegger’s view, anxiety does not refer to an alien intrusion; that is, being-anxious does not…