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Title Sarcopenia e fatores associados em idosos brasileiros = do diagnóstico à intervenção = Sarcopenia and associated factors in Brazilian older adults: from diagnosis to intervention: Sarcopenia and associated factors in Brazilian older adults : from diagnosis to intervention
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University/Publisher Universidade Estadual de Campinas
Abstract Abstract: Aging in Brazil represents a major challenge for contemporary public health, once happens fast and can be associated with several adverse health conditions, such as sarcopenia, frailty syndrome, and decline in quality of life (QOL), which often result in higher institutionalization and mortality rates. This work is structured on the basis of three-paper format, as well as introduction and conclusion sections. In the first article, "Cutoff values of appendicular skeletal muscle mass and strength associated with fear of falling in Brazilian older adults", we presented comparisons between age groups by sex with regard to morphological and functional aspects; and specific cutoff values for appendicular skeletal muscle mass (i.e., sum of limbs muscle mass) adjusted by body mass index (ASM(BMI)) and strength (i.e., handgrip strength, absolute and relative [adjusted by body mass index]) in association with fear of falling in Brazilian older adults (n = 578). Physical function decreased as age increased, while body composition varied according to sex. In association to fear of falling, cutoff values for ASM(BMI) were <0.85 for men and <0.53 for women; for absolute and relative handgrip strength were <30.0 kgf and <21.7kgf; and <1.07 and <0.66, for men and women, respectively. The second article verified the association of these cutoff points, as well as the combination of such factors, with QOL (n=577). Slow walking speed was established as <0.8 m/s. The article was entitled "Sarcopenia cutoffs in Brazilian older adults are associated to health-related quality of life". In men, results of the combination of absolute handgrip strength and/or walking speed were associated with physical functioning, role-physical and general health domains of QOL. In women, the combination of handgrip strength (both absolute and relative) and/or walking speed plus ASM(BMI) were associated with physical functioning, role-physical, bodily pain, general health and social functioning. The third article analyzed the application of power exercises using elastic bands (16 weeks), in frail and institutionalized older people. The article was entitled "Influence of power training on physical function and health-related quality of life in institutionalized frail older adults: a case-study". Post-intervention results showed changes on physical functioning, role-physical, bodily pain, role-emotional and physical component summary QOL domains, in men; and role-physical, role-emotional and mental health, in women. Regarding physical function, improvements on walking speed and number of repetitions in the elastic band rowing test were observed, in men; and waking speed, repetitions in the elastic band rowing test and the timed up and go, in women. The data presented herein might be useful as reference for researchers and in professional practice. Moreover, might be useful for the development of public policies related to older adults¿ health. Once their demands are known, more efficient intervention can be developed to promote health in this…
Subjects/Keywords Envelhecimento; Força muscular; Aptidão física - Testes; Qualidade de vida; Aging; Strength; Physical fitness - Tests; Quality of life
Contributors UNIVERSIDADE ESTADUAL DE CAMPINAS (CRUESP); Gutierrez, Gustavo Luis, 1958- (advisor); Uchida, Marco Carlos, 1971- (coadvisor); Universidade Estadual de Campinas. Faculdade de Educação Física (institution); Programa de Pós-Graduação em Educação Física (nameofprogram); Duarte, Edison (committee member); Borim, Flávia Silva Arbex (committee member); Déa, Vanessa Helena Santana Dalla (committee member); Bacurau, Reury Frank Pereira (committee member)
Language inglês
Country of Publication br
Record ID oai:repositorio.unicamp.br:REPOSIP/322585
Repository unicamp
Date Indexed 2020-09-09
Issued Date 2017-01-01 00:00:00
Note [] Orientadores: Gustavo Luis Gutierrez, Marco Carlos Uchida; [] Tese (doutorado) - Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Faculdade de Educação Física; [degreelevel] Doutorado; [degreediscipline] Atividade Fisica Adaptada; [degreename] Doutor em Educação Física; [sponsordocumentnumber] 01P04373/2015; [sponsor] CAPES;

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