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Title Source of Controversy: Newspaper Reporters' Sourcing Practices in Coverage of Natural Gas Drilling
URL
Publication Date
Degree PhD
Discipline/Department Communications Media
Degree Level doctoral
University/Publisher Indiana University of Pennsylvania
Abstract <h4>There is often great interest in the way journalists convey information about divisive issues. This phenomenological study is any attempt to understand why and how articles on a controversial topic were constructed, specifically in terms of what sources were used. This investigation into the pre-publication activity of journalists is situated within agenda building theory and is intended to produce a better understanding of the lived experience of sourcing practices of journalists, specifically Pennsylvania newspaper reporters who cover the Marcellus shale. In particular, this study continues to expand research into the sourcing decision making process of journalists, which play a significant role in determining the shape of the finished article as part of the media agenda. Understanding the process by which sources are included in a story and why they are included allows insight into the final shape of the article, as sources to shape the tenor and tone of the article. The study investigated the following areas of inquiry. 1) What is the process by which Pennsylvania newspaper journalists say they make sourcing decisions when covering the Marcellus shale industry? 2) What internal factors influence Pennsylvania newspaper journalists when they make their sourcing practice decisions when covering the Marcellus shale industry? 3) What external factors influence Pennsylvania newspaper journalists when they make their sourcing practice decisions when covering the Marcellus shale industry? Interviews with seven journalists revealed a number of commonalities – despite their differing backgrounds, education, geographic location, and size of outlet – that shed light on how and why sources are selected for Marcellus shale stories. When considering what influenced their sourcing, respondents experiences were organized into five themes: the impact of unique characteristics of the Marcellus shale beat, considerations borne out of perceptions of the three categories of sources, and expectations for source credibility, as well as external forces and respondents’ internal worldview and biases. Despite commitment to producing objective and balanced stories, respondents’ experience in sourcing the Marcellus shale was an amalgamation of forces and influences.</h4>
Subjects/Keywords agenda building; agenda setting; Journalism; Marcellus shale; newspapers; sourcing practices; Journalism Studies; Mass Communication
Contributors Zachary Stiegler, Ph.D.; Mary Beth Leidman, Ed.D.; Michele Papakie, D.Sc.
Country of Publication us
Record ID oai:knowledge.library.iup.edu:etd-2343
Repository iup
Date Retrieved
Date Indexed 2018-06-27
Created Date 2016-12-01 08:00:00

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…Dissertation .................................................................................... 19 II A REVIEW OF LITERATURE .............................................................................. 21 Agenda Building

…41 Building the Environmental Media Agenda .................................................... 41 Areas of Inquiry....................................................................................................... 42 III METHOD…

…With the focus on the process by which news is made, the present study is situated within the theory of agenda building pioneered by Lang and Lang (1983), which seeks to understand how certain topics become part of the media agenda out of the…

…myriad of options for coverage (Weaver & Elliot, 1984). Agenda building research attempts to understand the process by which journalists make determinations over what is newsworthy enough to be passed on to readers or viewers and what is left…

…important to note that the relevance of agenda building is founded in the concepts set forth by agenda setting theory (Dearing & Rogers, 1996; Gandy, 1982), as creation of a media agenda necessitates that the press “frame” topics in a particular…

…investigating the process by which these frames are created. In fact, agenda-building research can be seen as a corrective measure, as many agenda setting studies do little to actually investigate how news content is constructed 2 (Knight, 2010)…

…x27;ve been published, agenda-building studies seeks to investigate the pre-publication activity of journalists. Within the schema of agenda setting theory, this makes agenda building research valuable; if one agrees that the eventual frame of the…

…into a larger theoretical lens in that sourcing practices are an important part of the construction of the news agenda as described in the agenda building theory. Agendabuilding theory is situated within agenda-setting theory, which speaks to the…

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