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Title Modeling Variability in Pre-Columbian Woodland Habitation and Social Organization: The Brickhill Bluff Site, Cumberland Island, Georgia.
URL
Publication Date
Degree MA
Degree Level masters
University/Publisher Florida Atlantic University
Abstract

Summary: This thesis examines Woodland settlement patterns at the Brickhill Bluff site on Cumberland Island, Georgia. Aspects of Woodland habitation and social organization are not well understood along the Georgia coast. Using shell and artifact distribution data from excavations at Brickhill Bluff, this thesis attempts to discern how Woodland populations, specifically Deptford and St. Johns cultures, utilized the site between 1000 B.C. and A.D. 1000. This study also examines the efficacy of the midden typology already established for the South Atlantic Coastal Plain by statistically comparing the artifact assemblage from Brickhill Bluff to samples from sites used to develop this midden typology. The aims of this research are to identify past cultural activities at Brickhill Bluff - specifically seasonal oyster collecting, general hunting and gathering strategies, and residential density. These criteria are compared with an established matrix designed to discern how past groups utilized southeastern coastal shell midden sites.

2017

Degree granted: Thesis (M.A.) – Florida Atlantic University, 2017.

Collection: FAU

Subjects/Keywords Woodland culture – Georgia – Cumberland Island National Seashore.; Southern States – Antiquities.; Cumberland Island National Seashore (Ga.) – Antiquities.; Excavations (Archaeology) – Georgia – Cumberland Island National Seashore.
Contributors Fradkin, Arlene (Thesis advisor); Florida Atlantic University (Degree grantor); Dorothy F. Schmidt College of Arts and Letters; Department of Anthropology
Language en
Rights Copyright © is held by the author, with permission granted to Florida Atlantic University to digitize, archive and distribute this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
Country of Publication us
Format 105 p.
Record ID oai:fau.digital.flvc.org:fau_38064
Other Identifiers fau:38064; (IID) FA00004932
Repository fau
Date Retrieved
Date Indexed 2019-07-10

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…10 Environmental Setting………………………………………………………...…10 Cultural Overview…………………………………………………………..……16 Chapter 3: Previous Archaeology…………………………………………………….….29 History of Previous Archaeology on Cumberland Island………………………..29 History of Previous…

…cultural history. Chapter 3 presents a summary of over 100 years of archaeological investigations on Cumberland Island and then focuses more specifically on the previous archaeology conducted at Brickhill Bluff. This chapter ends with a discussion of the…

…deterioration of the historic fabric at Brickhill Bluff highlights the importance of investigating and recording the archaeology at the site before it is lost forever. Figure 2. Evidence of erosion at Brickhill Bluff 15 Cultural Overview Cumberland Island is…

…MODELING VARIABILITY IN PRE-COLUMBIAN WOODLAND HABITATION AND SOCIAL ORGANIZATION: THE BRICKHILL BLUFF SITE, CUMBERLAND ISLAND, GEORGIA List of Figures……………………………………………………………………………..x List of Tables…………………………………………………………………………..…xi Chapter 1…

Archaeology at Brickhill Bluff……………………………..33 Chapter 4: Methodology…………………………………………………………...…….36 Phase I……………………………………………………………………………36 Phase II……...…………………………………………………………………....37 Laboratory Procedures, Analysis and Curation………………………………….38 Chapter 5…

…x28;9CM12)…………………………………………………………...56 Single Family Shell Midden……………………………………………………..58 Minim Island (38GE46)……………………………………………………..…58 38BU2…………………………………………………………………………….61 Single Family Limited Shell Midden…………………………………………….64 30CH779…

…References…………………………………………………………………………….….86 ix FIGURES Figure 1. Location of the Brickhill Bluff site on Cumberland Island, Georgia. ................. 2 Figure 2. Evidence of erosion at Brickhill Bluff…

…Bluff site on Cumberland Island, Georgia (Figure 1) with a sample of sites used by Espenshade to develop his four midden categories. Specifically, I analyze the shell and artifact data collected from the Brickhill Bluff site and compare it with…

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