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Author
Title Evidence from near-death experience for the existence of consciousness outside the brain
URL
Publication Date
Degree MA
Discipline/Department Liberal Studies
Degree Level masters
University/Publisher Rutgers University
Abstract This paper discusses near-death experience in terms of evidence for consciousness existing outside the brain. The number of near-death experiences has significantly increased over the past few decades due to the advances in defibrillation and CPR techniques. This has made it possible to do Prospective studies in hospitals in an attempt to correlate psychological, physiological and pharmacological causes for near-death experience. Four arguments for evidence of consciousness outside the brain are reviewed and examples from Retrospective studies are given. They are the consistency, reality, paranormal and transformation elements. Retrospective studies provide evidence that near-death experiences have similar elements regardless of demographic data, but the details of the events are not verifiable. Prospective studies carried out in hospitals in Great Britain, America and the Netherlands can confirm through medical records and witnesses that cardiac arrest survivors have conscious experiences during unconsciousness when their brain is dysfunctional. Examples from these studies provide evidence that consciousness exits outside the brain. However, the dying brain hypothesis and the hallucination hypothesis are also looked at as an explanation for these experiences.
Subjects/Keywords Near-death experiences; Brain; Consciousness
Contributors Sheehan, Marianne S., 1958- (author); Charme, Stuart (chair)
Language en
Country of Publication us
Format ii, 41 p. : ill.
Record ID oai:example.org:rutgers-lib:33461
Other Identifiers rutgers-lib:33461; doi:10.7282/T30864Q6
Repository rutgers
Date Indexed 2018-10-11

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…to a patient who had one of these near-death experiences” (85). Before anyone could react, a man sitting behind the doctor replied, “I’m one of the people you saved and I’ll tell you right now, you’re the last person I would ever tell about…

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…next world” (Blackmore 5). Experiencers feel that you would only know if you had been there, and, as a group, they do not question the existence of an afterlife. In their article, “Ernest Hemingway and the Near-Death Experience,” Vardamis and…

…lights, electrical appliances or wearing a watch. He says he was surprised to find out “more that one-fourth of all adults who survived near-death as children said that they could not wear watches because they simply stopped running” (132). He…

…profound in the NDErs who have experiences of light” (159). Blackmore feels that it is the fact of coming close to death that is responsible for some of the personal transformations that people report. It is not necessary to assume that a person’s…

…shows signs of brain stem failure within seconds. The medical community generally accepts that no experiences should be happening at the time of clinical death, and no memories should be created. The first prospective study, published in 2001, to focus…

…states in a lecture given in 2004 at the International Association for Near-Death Studies Annual Conference, “That is important because neuroscience maintains that conscious experience is not possible during physical unconsciousness” (7) 18…

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