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Title Temple conversion and cultural, ritual and topographic memory in Alexandria, Cyrene and Carthage
Publication Date
Degree m_ph
Discipline/Department College of Arts & Law
Degree Level m_ph
University/Publisher University of Birmingham
Abstract This thesis examines temple conversion in the cities of Alexandria, Cyrene and Carthage during the 4th and 5th centuries A.D. with particular reference to how the processes of temple conversion effect the cultural, ritual and topographical memory of the cities inhabitants. How an individual interacts with their city is based on layers of memory laid down in a mind-map, a community is built when there are elements of shared memory focussed around certain common landmarks. Dramatic changes to the landscape, such as temple conversion, can alter how a population views the city and their place within it. Chapters two, three and four examine the archaeological and literary evidence for each of the cities respectively. The fifth chapter discusses the shared themes of topographical changes to the cityscape including the use and re-use of ritual route-ways, iconoclasm and temple conversion through the literature. Conclusions are drawn on the narrative of temple conversion and memory in the three case study cities.
Subjects/Keywords BL Religion; CC Archaeology; D051 Ancient History; DE The Mediterranean Region. The Greco-Roman World
Language en
Rights public ; staffonly
Country of Publication uk
Format application/pdf
Record ID oai:etheses.bham.ac.uk:5528
Repository birmingham
Date Retrieved
Date Indexed 2019-04-03

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…replace 'Milieux de Mémoire', physical environments of memory, at the very moment that 'an immense and intimate fund of memory disappears'.27 It is for this reason that this thesis is primarily concerned with Nora's 'Lieux de

…Chapter One Introduction 'To many people it will appear that I am courting much danger by embarking upon an address to you about the temples and the need for them not to be abused as they are now' 1 When Libanius made his impassioned…

…important in the Roman world. Whilst, Alexandria and Carthage remained influential centres of religion, trade and culture into late antiquity, Cyrene's standing as an important city had begun to diminish. They were also divided between the Eastern and…

…simplifying the process into an inflexible framework, a more meaningful and enlightening approach is to widen the model in order to reveal all the intricacies of the process. This thesis argues that the location of structures within the topography of a city…

…can give us an indication of the intrinsic, spiritual and cultural value that a building holds for a population. They become landmarks in the traditional sense, as locations from which to navigate, but also as images by which people understand and…

…significant to a community rather than an individual. The journey is littered with significant buildings that re-enforce the community's social and spiritual identity. The removal or refurbishment of these architectural points of reference, both…

…temple conversion in recent years. Christie and Loseby's 1996 edited volume 'Towns in Transition' was one of the first collections of papers to see the late antique urban centre as something more complex than merely an entity in decline…

…interesting in the omission, throughout the text, of the pagan community during the Vandal period. It is unlikely that this grouping disappeared that swiftly but is perhaps an indication that with the arrival of the Arian Vandals and the death of Augustine…