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Title Marijuana and African American Youth: Exploring Parenting Behaviors and Characteristics of Acquisition associated with Marijuana Use
URL
Publication Date
Degree PhD
Discipline/Department Education, Criminal Justice, and Human Services: Health Education
Degree Level doctoral
University/Publisher University of Cincinnati
Abstract Study One AbstractBackground: The increasing trend of marijuana use among African American youth is particularly concerning. Gaps in literature exist and the association between positive parenting behaviors and youth marijuana use based on age should be explored. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine whether African American adolescent’s marijuana use differed based on sex, age and frequency of positive parenting behaviors. Method: A secondary data analysis of the 2012 National Survey on Drug Use and Health was employed for this study. A national sample of African American youth in the United States (N = 2,328) aged 12-17 years completed the survey. Results: A total of 14.4% (n = 336) youth reported using marijuana in the past year and 7.9% (n = 183) of youth reported past month use. Findings: There were no significant differences with regards to sex and marijuana use in the past year and past month. Across age, older students were more likely to have engaged in past year and past month marijuana use than younger students. Further analyses reported youth whose parents engaged in frequent positive parenting behaviors were less likely to use marijuana. Additional results found the impact of implementing positive parenting behaviors was higher within younger students (12 to 13 year olds) compared to older students (15 to 17 year olds). Conclusions: Implications for prevention should include focusing age appropriate intensive prevention strategies for younger African American adolescents and involving parents as a key component of programming. Study Two AbstractBackground: Adolescent marijuana use among African Americans is considerably higher within the last decade and is of serious public health concern. Study aims: The purpose of this study is to examine sources where African American adolescent marijuana users obtain marijuana and if sources differ based on frequency of marijuana use, age of first use and demographic variables (i.e., sex, age). Methods: The present study performed a secondary analysis of the 2012 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH). A national sample of African American youth in the United States (N = 2,328) aged 12-17 years completed the survey, and of these 393 were marijuana users. Findings: The current study found that the majority (43.9%) of African American users tried marijuana for the first time between the ages of 14 – 15 years old. Most users (43.9%) indicated the last time they used marijuana was in the past 30 days and 48% of marijuana users reported marijuana was fairly easy/very easy to obtain. More than half (59.2%) of African American adolescent marijuana users obtained marijuana for free and 54.5% bought the last marijuana they used. The most common source of marijuana was from friends whether purchased or free. No significant differences were found regarding how adolescents obtain marijuana whether they bought it or obtained it for free based on sex, age or age of first use. Conclusions: Socially relevant programming efforts should be developmentally…
Subjects/Keywords Health Education; marijuana; youth; parenting behaviors; African American adolescents; sources; acquisition
Contributors King, Keith (Committee Chair)
Language en
Rights unrestricted ; This thesis or dissertation is protected by copyright: some rights reserved. It is licensed for use under a Creative Commons license. Specific terms and permissions are available from this document's record in the OhioLINK ETD Center. [Always confirm rights and permissions with the source record.]
Country of Publication us
Format application/pdf
Record ID oai:etd.ohiolink.edu:ucin1490350969669855
Repository ohiolink
Date Retrieved
Date Indexed 2017-09-19
Grantor University of Cincinnati

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