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Title Peace under Fire: Building the Media Agenda in Post-Genocide Rwanda
URL
Publication Date
Degree PhD
Discipline/Department Journalism (Communication)
Degree Level doctoral
University/Publisher Ohio University
Abstract Following the 1994 genocide, in which the media played a significant role, the government enacted strict media laws that have led to a climate of self-censorship and government influence on the media. This study examined the processes of agenda building and frame building in the media from the perspective of Rwandan journalists and media professionals. It further examined the media within the framework of peace journalism. The study used both a qualitative and quantitative approach. A series of 35 in-depth interviews were conducted with Rwandan journalists and media professionals, along with a survey of 101 journalists. Results showed that journalists and media professionals in Rwanda face several challenges, including indirect government censorship, few opportunities for training, and a lack of resources including low pay. According to the respondents, the government strongly influences the media agenda. Particularly in Kigali, the country's capital and center of government business, politics drives the media agenda. In the rural areas, however, journalists report stories focused more on the community than politics.
Subjects/Keywords Journalism; African Studies; Mass Communications; Peace Journalism; Rwanda; Agenda Building; Frame Building; Media; Conflict
Contributors Kalyango, Yusuf (Committee Chair)
Language en
Rights unrestricted ; This thesis or dissertation is protected by copyright: all rights reserved. It may not be copied or redistributed beyond the terms of applicable copyright laws.
Country of Publication us
Format application/pdf
Record ID oai:etd.ohiolink.edu:ohiou1365154180
Repository ohiolink
Date Retrieved
Date Indexed 2016-12-22
Grantor Ohio University

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…16 Figure 3.1: Agenda Building Models..............................................................................27 Figure 6.1: Challenges Facing Journalists ....................................................................123 x CHAPTER 1…

…2007; Kalyango 2011). This study examines the current situation in Rwanda using agenda building and frame building as the theoretical framework. One aspect of the agenda building process involves determining the way issues become known to the…

…determine how agenda building and frame building 2 processes work in the Rwandan media. Research questions include the following: How do media professionals make decisions when determining content? What topics, not specifically prohibited by law, are…

…its legacy shapes the media to this day. Chapter three reviews relevant literature associated with agenda building, frame building, and peace journalism and explicates how each contributed to this study. Chapter four describes the methodology used for…

…monthly press conferences that are available as podcasts on his website. 25 CHAPTER 3: AGENDA BUILDING, FRAME BUILDING, AND PEACE JOURNALISM As Rwandese continue to rebuild their society and culture, they must reconcile with the media’s role in the…

…are they simply fed the government’s agenda? Using agenda building and frame building as its theoretical basis, this study examined the factors that influence the decisions Rwandan media professionals make. 3.1 Agenda Building One of the ways the…

agenda building process works is determining the way issues become known to audiences and the subgroups within those audiences. Cobb, Ross, and Ross (1976) posited that there were two agendas: the public and the formal. The public agenda

…Formal Agenda Prevented from Reaching the Public Agenda (Cobb, Ross, & Ross 1976) Figure 3.1: Agenda Building Models 27 Agenda building further explains how certain issues do not become salient with the public…

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