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Author
Title Perfectionism: Good, Bad, or Growth?
URL
Publication Date
Degree MA
Discipline/Department Psychology, General
Degree Level masters
University/Publisher University of Dayton
Abstract Perfectionism has been predominantly studied from a clinical perspective, and has only more recently been studied from a normative perspective. Luyckx et al. (2008) studied how personality differences in two facets of perfectionism—adaptive (striving for improvement) and maladaptive (striving for perfect performance)—relate to identity formation and well-being. However, no research has tested adaptive and maladaptive perfectionism experimentally to show how these two facets of perfectionism affect task performance and task motivation (i.e., the subjective experience of the task). In the current study, 78 University of Dayton participants were surveyed for personality characteristics relating to perfectionism and motivation and were then randomly assigned to one of two conditions, one eliciting a motivation for adaptive perfectionism and another for maladaptive perfectionism. Results show that participants primed with adaptive instructions found more solutions than participants primed with maladaptive instructions on the anagram task but no differences were found on the creativity test. Finally, personality did not affect performance; therefore, the interaction between person and situation was not evaluated.
Subjects/Keywords Social Psychology; Perfectionism; Adaptive; Maladaptive; Motivation; Growth; Intrinsic; Extrinsic; Passion; Harmonious; Obsessive
Contributors Bauer, Jack J. (Committee Chair)
Language en
Rights unrestricted ; This thesis or dissertation is protected by copyright: all rights reserved. It may not be copied or redistributed beyond the terms of applicable copyright laws.
Country of Publication us
Format application/pdf
Record ID oai:etd.ohiolink.edu:dayton1367171959
Repository ohiolink
Date Retrieved
Date Indexed 2021-01-29
Grantor University of Dayton

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…3 Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation.................................................... 8 Obsessive and Harmonious Passion.................................................. 13 Growth Motivation…

…distinguishing adaptive and maladaptive perfectionists. 12 Obsessive and Harmonious Passion Adaptive and maladaptive perfectionism may also be distinguished in terms of passion. Drawing on self-determination theory (Ryan & Deci, 1985), Vallerand…

…related to Vallerand’s (2008) definition of passion, adaptive perfectionists may be experiencing harmonious passion. Vallerand describes harmonious passion as the autonomous internalization of an activity, meaning the individual is able to…

…and has the option of discontinuing the activity if it becomes dissatisfying. Harmonious passion is a flexible experience for the individual, meaning that someone does not have to dedicate all cognitive resources to participating in this activity…

…activity. Someone who has an obsessive passion is described as leading a life of imbalance. Again, the distinction between adaptive and maladaptive perfectionism may be described in terms of intrinsic versus extrinsic motivation, harmonious versus obsessive…

…Adaptive perfectionists are predicted to score higher on personality measures of intrinsic motivation, harmonious passion, and growth motivation than maladaptive perfectionists. In this study participants will take measures of perfectionism and motivation…

…Vallerand et al. (2003) developed the 14-item HPOP to distinguish two subscales of passion: Harmonious Passion (HP; 7 items; α = .79) and Obsessive Passion (OP; 7 items; α = .89). Vallerand et al. hypothesized that Harmonious

…48 C. Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale (MPS)................................ 49 D. Perfectionism Inventory (PI)........................................................... 51 E. The Passion Scale (HPOP)…

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