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Title Humane Education: Perspectives of Practitioners on Program Evaluation Efforts and Analysis of Changes in Knowledge, Attitudes, and Empathy in Two Violence Prevention and Intervention Programs
Publication Date
Degree PhD
Discipline/Department Leadership and Change
Degree Level doctoral
University/Publisher Antioch University
Abstract This descriptive and comparative study examined the current landscape of humane education program evaluation and data analysis through a survey of humane educators across the country. Results of the humane education survey show that data collection and evaluation are occurring in humane education programs but these efforts do not capture and measure empathy, the primary goal of most humane education programs. Humane educators reported they felt the profession is progressive and relevant to a broad host of purposes, from building positive relationships with animals to playing a role in the larger social justice scheme. They also suggested that the field is in need of leadership and clearer direction and that they want more rigorous humane education evaluation practices. This study also examined the potential effects of humane education violence prevention and intervention programs on youth from at-risk environments. Students who participated in the violence prevention and intervention programs, TLC<sup>TM</sup> or jTLC<sup>TM</sup>, between 2001 and 2014 at the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, Los Angeles (spcaLA) took pre and post surveys that identify their attitudes towards animals, others, and self. Paired survey data, totaling 395 TLC <sup>TM</sup> and jTLC<sup>TM</sup> students, were archived and, for this dissertation, were digitized from their original paper and pencil format. In September 2013 the pre and post surveys for these programs were changed to collect data that focused on changes in empathy, using the Bryant Empathy Index (BEI) (Bryant, 1982). Seventy-one BEI surveys were included in this study’s analysis. Data were analyzed using descriptive and comparative statistics. The mean scores increased significantly on knowledge scales and subscales for the participants in TLC<sup>TM</sup> or jTLC<sup>TM</sup>, across all cases and variables of gender and school level. Mean scores increased significantly on attitude scales and subscales for the jTLC<sup>TM</sup> participants, across all cases and gender. Mean empathy scores increased for two of the three BEI subscales for TLC<sup>TM</sup> or jTLC<sup>TM</sup> participants across all cases and the variable of gender. Significant increases in attitudes varied by program, gender, and school level. jTLC™ students had the most prominent increase in attitudes, possibly due to their lower pretest means. The research found significant increases in empathy for all participants in the TLC<sup>TM</sup> or jTLC<sup>TM</sup>. The TLC<sup>TM</sup> and jTLC<sup>TM</sup> program participants showed a significant increase in mean scores on the empathy scale. Females and males showed significant increases on the BEI as well. The electronic version of this Dissertation is at the OhioLink ETD Center, http://ohiolink.edu/etd
Subjects/Keywords Animals; Behavioral Psychology; Counseling Education; Education; Educational Evaluation; Educational Leadership; Educational Psychology; Psychology; School Counseling; humane education; violence prevention; violence intervention; at-risk youth; empathy development; BEI; Bryant Empathy Index; adolescents, juvenile offenders; animal protection; animal welfare; educational leadership
Contributors Baron, Carol (Committee Chair)
Language en
Rights unrestricted ; This thesis or dissertation is protected by copyright: all rights reserved. It may not be copied or redistributed beyond the terms of applicable copyright laws.
Country of Publication us
Format application/pdf
Record ID oai:etd.ohiolink.edu:antioch1400592767
Repository ohiolink
Date Indexed 2016-12-22
Grantor Antioch University

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