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Author
Title Éducation bilingue et développement humain durable au Burkina Faso
URL
Publication Date
Degree PhD
Discipline/Department Department of Integrated Studies in Education
Degree Level doctoral
University/Publisher McGill University
Abstract

This thesis examines languages of education in the Burkinabè educational system and implications for development issues. Burkina Faso is a West African country which since 1994 has been putting into place a bilingual primary education system. This initiative includes African languages, literacy, local culture, and rural economic activities in addition to the French language. Since colonial times, this country has been administered exclusively in the French language, a language that is only spoken by 10-15% of the Burkinabè population. This thesis asks: Which type of elementary education, bilingual or monolingual, contributes best to the sustainable human development of Burkina Faso? To address this question, this thesis examines the experience of twenty adults, former bilingual- and monolingual-school students from the same rural area. Participants were asked to discuss their educational experience in relation to the United Nation’s five dimensions of sustainable human development: culture, gender, economy, politics and the environment. Data collection included semi-structured interviews with each participant, as well as classroom observations in both types of schools. These observations enabled a deeper understanding of the different pedagogical and philosophical educational approaches. Data was analyzed using perspectives from sociolinguistic theory and critical postcolonial theory. The first chapter of this thesis describes the origins of this research project. The second chapter presents the study’s conceptual framework, with particular attention to the meaning of two concepts in African education: “language” and “development.” The third chapter traces the history of public education in Burkina Faso, from pre-colonial times to the present. The following chapters present the main impact of bilingual education on the cultural and economical sustainability and development of the participants. The interviews with the participants show that the re

Cette thèse porte sur les enjeux relatifs aux langues d’enseignement et d’apprentissage et les relations de pouvoir associées au système éducatif burkinabè. Le Burkina Faso est un pays d’Afrique de l’Ouest qui, depuis 1994, met graduellement en place un système éducatif primaire bilingue intégrant les langues africaines, la littératie, les activités économiques et culturelles locales en plus d’enseigner la langue française. Depuis sa colonisation, ce pays est administré exclusivement en langue française, langue parlée par seulement 10-15 % de la population burkinabè.Dans ce processus d’affranchissement, cette thèse compare des sortants d’âge adulte d’écoles bilingues avec leurs homologues d’écoles unilingues d’une même localité. Les participants nous informent sur la question centrale de cette thèse : quel type d’école favorise davantage le développement humain durable au Burkina Faso? Vingt finissants d’écoles bilingues et unilingues parlent des retombées de leur parcours éducatif respectif sur chacune des variables du développement humain durable: la culture, le…

Subjects/Keywords Education - Curriculum and Instruction
Contributors Mekhala Sarkar (Internal/Supervisor)
Language fr
Rights All items in [email protected] are protected by copyright with all rights reserved unless otherwise indicated.
Country of Publication ca
Format application/pdf
Record ID oai:digitool.library.mcgill.ca:40774
Other Identifiers TC-QMM-40774
Repository mcgill
Date Retrieved
Date Indexed 2019-01-09
Grantor McGill University

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…burkinabè sont-ils encore instruits en français alors qu’ils ne parlent pas cette langue? Pourquoi cette diversité dans laquelle je vis ne se retrouve-t-elle pas à l’école ? Pourquoi les activités culturelles burkinabè ne font-elles pas partie du curriculum

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