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Title St. John Chrysostom's and Philip Melanchthon's Views of Justification (ΔΙΚΑΙΩΣΙΣ) in St. Paul's Epistles, With Special Attention to How Their Respective Intellectual Environments Influenced Their Interpretations
Publication Date
Degree MA
Discipline/Department History
Degree Level masters
University/Publisher Utah State University
Abstract This thesis compares how Christian thinkers John Chrysostom (349-407 CE) and Philip Melanchthon (1497-1560 CE) understood the theological concept of justification as found in Paul’s epistle to the Romans, and how their respective intellectual environments influenced their understandings of justification. Through detailed analysis of how Chrysostom and Melanchthon defined the theological concepts underlying their views of justification, it is demonstrated that, while their descriptions of justification often seem amicable, these apparent similarities are superficial. Their primary disagreement rests in their understandings of righteousness, which, for Chrysostom, was the outcome of a synergistic process wherein the faithful Christian gradually became, in actuality, more righteous by cooperating with the will and grace of God. Furthermore, Chrysostom viewed righteousness as a distinct stages in one’s struggle for salvation that followed one’s justification. Melanchthon rejected the notion that human beings themselves could become righteous, instead positing that faithful Christians are justified and simultaneously declared righteous by God based solely on their trust in the saving power of Christ’s atoning death.
Subjects/Keywords St. John Chrystostom; Philip Melanchthon; Justification; St. Paul's Epistles; intellectual environments; interpretations; History
Contributors Norman Jones; ;
Country of Publication us
Record ID oai:digitalcommons.usu.edu:etd-5387
Repository utahstate
Date Retrieved
Date Indexed 2019-06-05

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…justification itself. It is my hope that this study will also provide broader insights into how early Eastern Christian understandings of justification differed from those of the Reformation’s first theologians. Scholarship on both St. John Chrysostom and Philip…

…Cambridge University Press, 1967). 3 Antiochenes Theodore of Mopsuesta and St. John Chrysostom. Bradley R. Cochran’s article, “The Superiority of Faith: John Chrysostom’s Eastern Theology of Justification”5 argues that Chrysostom’s view of…

…justification was a decidedly Eastern interpretation, and thus provides invaluable insights for this thesis. Likewise, Vasilios Nanos’ Basic Aspects of St. John Chrysostom’s Doctrine of Justification According to His Commentary on St. Paul’s Letter to the…

…Romans6 provides a crucial, systematic exposition of John Chrysostom’s homilies on justification. Margaret Mitchell has written extensively on how Chrysostom saw St. Paul as a person. Her book, The Heavenly Trumpet,7 details the praise and descriptions…

…Chrysostom sketched of his favorite saint, revealing the ways in which Chrysostom’s love for St. Paul the author influenced his interpretations of St. Paul’s epistles. Several works describe both St. John Chrysostom’s classical and Christian educations and…

…The_Superiority_of_Faith_John_Chrysostoms_Eastern_Theology_of_ Justification. 6 Archimandrite Vasilios (Christophoros) Nanos, “Basic Aspects of St. John Chrysostom’s Doctrine of Justification According to His Commentary on St. Paul’s Letter to the Romans” (Durham: Durham University Press, 1991…

…historical exegesis. St. John Chrysostom completed his rhetorical education in 367 CE18 at age eighteen and intended to pursue a career as a clerk in the sacra scrinia, a wing of the Roman bureaucracy. Due perhaps to his relationship with St. Meletius of…

…and Maximos of Seleukia to join him on his ascetic path.20 St. John Chrysostom soon after began study under Diodore of Tarsus at the Christian School of Antioch.21 While he is perhaps known best as the mentor of Chrysostom and Theodore of Mopsuestia…