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Title Determinants of the Home Food Environment
Publication Date
Degree MS
Discipline/Department Nutrition
Degree Level masters
University/Publisher Arizona State University
Abstract Determining the factors associated with the availability of healthy and unhealthy foods in the household may help in understanding the varying complexities that contribute to obesity among children and help design interventions to impact children's food consumption behaviors. This study examined factors that are associated with the availability of healthy and unhealthy foods in children's home food environments (HFE). Data was collected from a random-digit-dial telephone survey of 1708 households, with at least one child between 3-18 years of age, located in five low-income New Jersey cities. HFE was assessed based on responses to a set of six items that measured availability of specific healthy and unhealthy foods in the respondent's home. These items contributed to construction of three HFE scales used as dependent variables in these analyses: healthy HFE, unhealthy HFE, and a ratio of healthy to unhealthy foods in the HFE. Independent variables included household socio-demographics, parental perceptions of their own weight and diet health, frequency of family meals, proximity to food outlets, and perception of access to healthy foods in the neighborhood food environment. Significant differences were observed in the HFE by race and ethnicity, with Non-Hispanic black children having fewer healthy foods and Non-Hispanic white children having more unhealthy food items available at home. Parents who reported being overweight or obese had a healthier HFE and those perceiving their own eating as healthy had more healthy and less unhealthy foods in the household. Food-secure households had more unhealthy compared to healthy foods at home. Households located farther from a supermarket had a greater number of unhealthy food items and a lower healthy/unhealthy food availability ratio. Parental perception of better access to fruits and vegetables and low-fat foods was associated with availability of a greater number of healthy food items at home. Overall, the HFE varied by parental and demographic characteristics, parental perceptions about the food environment and the actual features of the built neighborhood food environment.
Subjects/Keywords Nutrition; Individual &; family studies; Public health; childhood obesity; community food environment; home food environment; household foods; neighborhood food environment; nutrition
Country of Publication us
Record ID oai:arizonastate:14894
Repository asu
Date Retrieved
Date Indexed 2019-07-08
Grantor Arizona State University

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…dinner meals at home will be positively associated with a healthier HFE compared to those who eat dinner meals together less often as a family. 5 Chapter 2 REVIEW OF LITERATURE Home Food Environment (HFE) Food Availability and Accessibility…

environment (Terry & Beck, 1985). Family Meals Frequency of meals shared at home amongst family may influence the home food environment as well as children’s consumption and has been shown to be related to a number of factors. Gable & Lutz (2000…

…foods of fruits and vegetables (Gillman et al., 2000). A study on the relation of family meals to the home food environment found that frequency of family meals was associated with many positive food 15 behaviors among adolescents including…

…present study will add to this area of research by determining if frequency of family meals at home is associated with a healthy or unhealthy home food environment. 16 Perceptions of fruit and vegetable cost influencing the HFE The perceived cost of…

…2011), parental perception of neighborhood food environment (REACH 2010 St. Louis Healthy Heart Neighborhood Survey, 2010), level of household insecurity (USDA, 2008), and number of meals eaten at home by the family. In addition…

…consumption of both nutrient-dense, healthy foods as well as energy-dense, unhealthy foods is influenced by the home food environment (Cullen et al., 2003; Gable & Lutz, 2000; Haerens et al., 2008; Jago, Baranowski, Baranowski, Cullen, & Thompson, 2007…

…Kratt, Reynolds, & Shewchuk, 2000; Vereecken, Haerens, De Bourdeaudhuij, & Maes, 2010). This study aims to identify the variables which are associated with the home food environment including demographic characteristics of the household such as race…

…ethnicity, income, education level, and level of food security; the neighborhood food environment surrounding the home; parental perceptions of their own weight status and diet quality; and the household’s meal practices. Interventions to decrease childhood…