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Title To Make Iron of Iron : A Comprehensive Analytical Study of Spade Shaped Iron Bars
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Discipline/Department Archaeological Research Laboratory
University/Publisher Stockholm University
Abstract This thesis aims to provide adequate analytical information on the spade shaped iron bars of Norrland and central Sweden. While their significance has been thoroughly debated for decades, analytical research on them has been confined to cases of single artefacts or theoretical interpretations of their value, meaning and origin. In this study a comprehensive approach is taken into consideration. Based on X-Ray fluorescence (XRF), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and metallographical analysis this thesis seeks to facilitate new interpretations on quality, production centres and usage based on analytical results. Aiming to settle some of the long lasting questions regarding the artefacts while producing results which can further the discussion by raising new questions, previously unasked.
Subjects/Keywords Archaeological Science; Archaeometallurgy; Spade Shaped Iron Bars; X-Ray Fluorescence (XRF); Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM); Metallography; Swedish Archaeology; Archaeology in Norrland; Scandinavian Iron Age; Nordic Iron Age; Roman Iron Age; Migration Period; Vendel Period; Prehistoric Metallurgy; Slag; Iron Bar; Currency Bar; Bloomery; Bloom Iron; Bog Iron; Limonite; Mineral Iron Ores; Hematite; Magnetite Phosphoric Iron/Steel; Prehistoric Steel; Ferrite; Pearlite; Nickel; Cobalt; Phosphorus; Arsenic; Magnesium; Sulfur; Manganese; Norrland; Middle Norrland; Uppland; Gästrikland; Hälsingland; Medelpad; Jämtland; Södermanland; Helgö; Torsåker; Gåcksätter; Alborga; Offerdal; Selånger; Villberga; Arbrå; Laborativ Arkeologi; Arkeometallurgi; Spadformiga Ämnesjärn; Röntgenfluorescens (XRF); Svepelektronmikroskop (SEM); Metallografi; Svensk Arkeologi; Norrländsk Arkeologi; Förnnordisk Arkeologi; Skandinavisk Järnålder; Nordisk Järnålder; Fornnordisk Järnålder; Romersk Järnålder; Folkvandringstiden; Vendeltiden; Forhistorisk Metallurgi; Slaget; Ämnesjärn; Blästerugn; Blästa; Myrmalm; Sjömalm; Limonit; Bergmalm; Hematit; Magnetit; Fosforisk Järn/Stål; Förhistorisk Stål; Ferrit; Pearlit; Nickel; Kobolt; Fosfor; Arsen; Magnesium; Svavel; Mangan; Norrland; Mellannorrland; Uppland; Gästrikland; Hälsingland; Medelpad; Jämtland; Södermanland; Helgö; Torsåker; Gåcksätter; Alborga; Offerdal; Selånger; Villberga; Arbrå; Archaeology; Arkeologi
Language en
Country of Publication se
Record ID oai:DiVA.org:su-145694
Repository diva
Date Indexed 2020-01-03

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