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Title Water pollution and indigenous identity : a perspective from a cooperative water association called La Sociedad de Aguas La Guadalupana: Perspective from a cooperative water association called La Sociedad de Aguas La Guadalupana
Publication Date
Date Accessioned
Degree MA
Discipline/Department Latin American Studies
Degree Level masters
University/Publisher University of Texas – Austin
Abstract The water and land located in Tehuacán, Puebla, México, and its surrounding villages including San Francisco, Altepexi has provided individuals with food, jobs, and agricultural products. Currently, the descendants of these indigenous communities find their cultural, social and economical practices related to the daily use of water under threat of disappearance. A primary focus in this thesis is the pollution of water by the maquiladora industry, and pork and chicken processing. Community cooperative associations such as La Guadalupana work by administering the use of water in the villages. Scarcity and water pollution undermine one of their main sources of income to support their families. Furthermore, the health of members of the community, the peasant work activities related to water management, and the prevention of the population on their right to access to clean water are some of the social aspects that are targeted here. As a result, this thesis will explain the extent to which the autonomous Sociedad de Aguas La Guadalupana is playing a role in addressing the problem of water pollution, through a campesino way of organizing.
Subjects/Keywords Water; Irrigators cooperative; Pollution; Indigenous territories; Maquiladoras
Contributors Hale, Charles R., 1957- (advisor); Menchaca, Martha (committee member)
Language en
Country of Publication us
Record ID handle:2152/ETD-UT-2011-12-4403
Repository texas
Date Retrieved
Date Indexed 2020-10-15
Grantor University of Texas at Austin
Note [] text; [department] Latin American Studies;

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…contacted, interviewed and some of them guided me to visit areas where water and land is being polluted, mainly by maquiladoras. I also attended some of La Guadalupana meetings as an observer, and we also had the opportunity to have workshops to build…

…together this thesis design, as well as to listen to their view point about water pollution by industries. As part of the experience, in the second chapter of the thesis the problem and causes (maquiladoras, poultry factory and agribusiness) of…

…soft drink wells were bought by assembly plants and as a result this industry is disappearing. In consequence they are no longer considered a factor in excessive water consumption and pollution. 29 2.2. Maquiladoras Maquiladora is a word that…

…the creation of maquiladoras not only in Tehuacán, but throughout México has been the NAFTA agreement signed by Canada, U.S. and México in the mid 1990’s. This agreement incited the production of hundreds of textile factories, which extended into the…

…surrounding areas were home to over 700 maquiladoras, which together created an environmental nightmare. According to Barrios, M. and Santiago, R. (2004) Each factory requires huge amounts of underground water, dyes and chemicals to treat these jeans…

…s Lava-plant laundry, the company received warnings when CNA inspectors were going to visit the factory, allowing it to hide the pumps used to extract the water from clandestine wells until the inspectors left. 2.3. Maquiladoras laundry The…

…following is a description of the laundering processes at maquiladoras. Information on chemicals used is based on interviews with members of the Human and Labor Rights Commission of the Tehuacn Valley. Most of the contaminated water comes mainly from…