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Author
Title Extracting the eagle's talons : the Soviet Union in Cold War Latin America
URL
Publication Date
Date Accessioned
Discipline/Department History
University/Publisher University of Texas – Austin
Abstract While the Cold War in Latin America has been examined from a variety of angles, the scholarship on Soviet-Latin American relations is thin, outdated, and based almost totally on published sources. Moreover, much of the literature is replete with misconceptions about the nature of the Soviet approach to the Western Hemisphere and the relationship between Moscow and its regional allies. Using a case study approach, and based on substantial research in the archives of the former Soviet Union, this dissertation argues that Moscow’s approach to Latin America was more cautious and pragmatic than ideological and messianic. Rather than attempting to extend their control over the region, the Soviets instead sought to pry Latin American regimes away from dependence on the United States and to encourage the region to adopt a non-aligned foreign policy. To a degree heretofore not sufficiently appreciated, this approach involved the clever use of international organizations, particularly the United Nations and the Non-Aligned Movement. Moreover, Latin American communists and Soviet sympathizers were hugely influential in shaping Moscow’s perceptions of the region and its relationship to the United States, and in pressuring Soviet leaders to provide more support to their regional allies.
Subjects/Keywords Soviet foreign policy; Cold War Latin America
Contributors Lawrence, Mark Atwood (advisor)
Language en
Country of Publication us
Record ID handle:2152/24977
Repository texas
Date Indexed 2018-10-22
Note [] text; [department] History;

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…263   viii Introduction: The Cold War in Latin America America’s sphere of influence, “our own backyard,” “empire’s workshop,” “beneath the United States” – all refer to Latin America and in doing so emphasize the hegemonic – indeed, imperial…

…U.S. policymakers perceived vital national security interests to be at stake in Cold War Latin America. 1 The orthodox interpretation of the U.S. role in Cold War Latin America is that it has been counter-revolutionary and yet (paradoxically…

…reforms, and support for right-wing dictators. The idea that U.S. national security interests were at stake in Cold War Central America was a “false belief.”2 Indeed, most prominent scholars of U.S.-Latin American relations during the Cold War seem to…

…been an unapologetic advocate of the reforms championed by indigenous socialist and communist parties in Latin America and has carefully examined the ethnic and gendered aspects of land reform in Guatemala.7 Hal Brands argues that although the Cold War

…given time.8 In the final analysis, the course of the Cold War in Latin America was shaped not only by the zero-sum struggle between Washington and Moscow for ideological and strategic 4 Ibid., p. 215. Gaddis Smith, The Last Years of the Monroe Doctrine…

…1945-1993 (New York: Hill and Wang, 1994), p. 6. 6 Gilbert M. Joseph, “What We Know and Should Know: Bringing Latin America More Meaningfully into Cold War Studies,” in In From the Cold: Latin America’s New Encounter with the Cold War, edited…

…by Gilbert M. Joseph and Daniela Spenser (Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2008), p. 16. 7 Greg Grandin, The Last Colonial Massacre: Latin America in the Cold War (Illinois: University of Chicago Press, 2004). 8 Hal Brands, Latin…

…the Third World as both a political bloc and a rhetorical device.9 This group of literature represents an attempt to place Latin America squarely at the center of Cold War history rather than treating the region as a passive subject of U.S…

.