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Title Children's moral reasoning: influence of culture and collaborative discussion
URL
Publication Date
Date Accessioned
Degree MS
Discipline/Department 0210
Degree Level thesis
University/Publisher University of Illinois – Urbana-Champaign
Abstract This study investigated the effects of culture and collaborative discussion on Chinese and American children’s moral reasoning in reflective essays that they composed about a moral and practical dilemma. In contrast to American children who frequently expressed egocentric concerns, Chinese children exhibited altruistic tendencies and expressed more concern for maintaining in-group harmony, which are the core values advocated in collectivist culture. Collaborative discussion promoted children’s moral reasoning in both cultures, leading to significantly more consideration of the principles of being honest, having empathy for others, keeping promises, honoring friendship, being trustworthy, and not betraying others by tattling.
Subjects/Keywords Moral reasoning; Collaborative Reasoning; argumentation; collectivism; individualism; altruism
Contributors Anderson, Richard C. (advisor); Pomerantz, Eva M. (advisor)
Language en
Rights Copyright 2013 Xin Zhang
Country of Publication us
Record ID handle:2142/44202
Repository uiuc
Date Indexed 2018-11-19
Grantor University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Issued Date 2013-05-24 21:54:05

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…Collaborative Reasoning on reflective essays has focused on the structural level of analysis; a deep analysis at the content level is missing. If we say that the structure level analysis sketched the outline of a picture, then a content level analysis would fill…

…out its features. The purpose of the current analysis was to understand the substance of children’s moral reasoning as it is revealed in their reflective essays. 5 Chapter 2 Method Participants This paper presents a further analysis of the…

…There were 53 children (27 boys, 26 girls) in CR classrooms, and 62 (33 boys, 29 girls) in control classrooms. Procedures For CR classrooms, in the United States, teachers had a one day workshop to learn Collaborative Reasoning

…on Thomas or not. In the Chinese translation of the story, Chinese names were substituted for Jack (Xiaoyu), Thomas (Xiaoma), and the teacher, Mr. Howard (Mrs. Zhou). Coding children’s moral reasoning In an a priori…

…x28;0.97) 0.31 (0.62) 0.78 (0.72) 0.67 (0.61) Counterargument 0.31 (0.47) 0.79 (0.41) 0.52 (0.50) 0.62 (0.49) Note: CR= Collaborative Reasoning 11 Number of appeals to…

…Among Chinese children who mentioned friendship in their essays, the majority followed the same line of reasoning as the American children, whereas a sizeable minority (15%) interpreted friendship in a different way. The examples shown below…

…friendship. From the examples shown above, it is clear that some Chinese children’s reasoning about friendship follows the line that friends should help each other overcome weaknesses. They interpreted Thomas’s getting help from his brother as the weakness of…

…instead employed stories as a medium for entertainment and affirmation. Since how parents interact with their children has been shown to be a key factor affecting children’s moral reasoning (Eisenberg & Murphy, 1995; Smetana, 1999; Walker & Taylor…

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