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Title Transboundary animal disease preparedness and response efforts: disconnects between federal and state levels of government
Publication Date
Date Accessioned
Degree MPH
Discipline/Department Department of Diagnostic Medicine/Pathobiology
University/Publisher Kansas State University
Abstract Over the past few decades, animal and public health professionals have become increasingly concerned about the global animal population’s vulnerability to Transboundary Animal Diseases (TADs). Through analysis of the lessons learned by the United Kingdom (UK), Taiwan, and Egypt in responding to FMD outbreaks in their countries, it becomes apparent that even with response plans in place at the time of an outbreak, problems still arose as the outbreaks progressed. To better understand why these deviations from the planned course occur, the concept of “disconnects” in the various “domains” of TAD emergency preparedness and response were explored for the United States (U.S.). Particular emphasis was placed on issues related to the collaboration and cooperation between the federal and state levels of government. The domains of communication, knowledge, and resourcing were selected to be analyzed due to their importance in TAD emergency outbreak preparedness and response. The research questions this thesis explores concern three domains of TAD emergency preparedness and response that experience disconnects between federal and state levels of government. They also explore how these disconnects affect Food and Agriculture Security in the U.S. Three different methods were used to research these topics. Literature reviews of lessons learned and after action reports from TAD outbreak exercises and real events were conducted. Direct observations of the author’s experiences at conferences, seminars, and training events were also included. Finally, personal interviews were conducted with Food and Agriculture Security experts. Through this analysis, numerous disconnects emerged in each of the domains. Several disconnects traverse all three domains. These disconnects related to laboratory collaboration with the federal government, the process of declaring a federal emergency, and the roles and responsibilities of individuals and groups involved in TAD outbreak preparedness and response. Overall, the disconnects affect the ability of state and federal governments to rapidly respond to and coordinate response efforts. This affects Food and Agriculture Security by compromising the safety, security, and ongoing operation of the food and agriculture sector. Further study will be needed to alleviate these disconnects so that better cooperation and collaboration can occur between federal and state levels of government.
Subjects/Keywords Transboundary animal disease; Foreign animal disease; Emergency preparedness; Federal; Disconnect; Health Sciences, Public Health (0573)
Contributors Katherine Stenske
Language en
Country of Publication us
Record ID handle:2097/6992
Repository ksu
Date Retrieved
Date Indexed 2020-08-13
Issued Date 2010-12-15 00:00:00
Note [degree] Master of Public Health; [level] Masters; [department] Department of Diagnostic Medicine/Pathobiology; [advisor] Katherine Stenske;

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…their nation’s agriculture and food supply. In the 1 This term, first developed by the Food and Agriculture Organization, is increasing in use world-wide to overcome problems with older terminology like “foreign animal disease.” Committee on Foreign and…

…Emerging Diseases of the United States Animal Health Association, "Foreign Animal Diseases," (St. Joseph, Missouri: United States Animal Health Association, 2008). Pg. 18. Some may prefer the term “foreign animal disease” (or FAD…

…x29;, but the term is generally used by only U.S. officials. “FADs” are ones which originate in another country and can, or do, enter the U.S. Gary C. Smith, "What Are We Doing to Prevent Entry of Potentially Catastrophic Foreign Animal Disease

…OIE World Organization for Animal Health TAD Transboundary Animal Disease UK United Kingdom U.S. United States USDA United States Department of Agriculture WHO World Health Organization viii Acknowledgments I would like to thank all my…

…the U.S. At the same time, it is still arguably meaningful, as more of these diseases are entering new regions than they ever have in the past. Committee on Foreign and Emerging Diseases of the United States Animal Health Association, "Foreign

…followed by erosions. Infected animals often recover from the virus, but the virus causes the animal to lose productivity. USDA-APHIS Veterinary Services, "Foot-and-Mouth Disease Factsheet," (2007). 7 EU policy for FMD is established in…

…Directive 85/511/EEC amended by Directive 90/423/EEC. UK domestic legislation is established in the Animal Health Act of 1981 and the Foot and Mouth Disease Order of 1983. Cumbria Foot and Mouth Disease Inquiry Panel, "Cumbria Foot and Mouth Disease

…Inquiry Report," (Cumbria, UK2002). Pg. 25-26. 8 Ibid. Pgs. 25-26,33. A stamping-out policy is used to rapidly eliminate a TAD or other emergency animal disease outbreak. A stamping-out policy requires several components. First, the infected…